Chinese Notes

Back to collection

An introduction to Chinese calligraphy

基本笔画(颜体) Fundamental Strokes (Yanti)

基本笔画颜体) Fundamental Strokes (Yanti)



There are twenty two fundamental strokes and each is described below for the Yan style (颜体).



左上点 Upper Left Dot




Upper Left Dot

左上点
Upper Left Dot



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the brush moving left

Turn the brush moving down and right

Move back in a transition

Move the brush out and up off the paper

This stroke is used in the characters , , and ,.


上点 Upper Dot



Upper Dot

上点 Upper Dot



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Move the tip to the right

Turn the brush moving down and left

Move back and stop
An upper dot (上点 or 斜点) is used in the characters , , , , , and .










Zhu

Zhu


Wen

We



左下点 Lower Left Dot




Lower Left Dot

左下点 Lower Left Dot



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Move the tip to the left

Moving the brush down and left

Move back in a transition

Move the brush out and up off the paper

This stroke is used in the character .


右下点 Lower Right Dot




Lower Right Dot

右下点 Lower Right Dot


Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Move the tip to the right

Continue down and right

Move down and around

Return back and stop

This stroke is used in the characters , , and .










Xia


Xia


Nei


Nei



短横 Short Horizontal Stroke




Short Horizontal Stroke

短横 Short Horizontal Stroke



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the brush moving right

Move the brush to the right

Turn the tip down

Move back and stop

This stroke is used in the characters , , , , , , and .











Zhu

Zhu


Er

Er


Ri

Ri



长横 Long Horizontal Stroke




Long Horizontal Stroke

长横 Long Horizontal Stroke



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the brush moving right

Move the brush to the right

Turn the tip down

Move back and stop

This stroke is used in the characters , , , , , , , and .











Xia

Xia


Er

Er


Wang

Wang



直竖 Straight Vertical




Straight Vertical

直竖 Straight Vertical



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the brush moving down

Firm downward movement

Turn the tip right

Move back and stop

This stroke is used in the characters , , , , and .



Xia

Xia



左弧竖 Left Vertical




Left Vertical

左弧竖 Left Vertical



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the brush moving down

Use a left facing arc shaped downward movement

Turn the tip right

Move back and stop

This stroke is used in the characters , , , , and .










Ri

Ri


Xing

Xing



右弧竖 Right Vertical




Right Vertical

右弧竖 Right Vertical


Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the brush moving down

Use a right facing arc shaped downward movement

Turn the tip back and up

Lightly lift the brush and stop

This stroke is used in the characters and .


悬针 Hanging Vertical




Hanging Vertical

悬针 Hanging Vertical



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the brush moving down

Turn back to thicken the middle of the stroke

Continue moving the brush down

Move the brush straight down and off the page

This stroke is used in the characters , , and .











Niu

Niu


Shi

Shi


Zao

Zao



竖钩 Vertical Hooked




Vertical Hooked Stroke

竖钩 Vertical Hooked



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the brush moving down

Continue moving the brush down forming a curved edge on the right side

Move the brush down and around

Bring the tip around and off the paper forming a definite hook

This stroke is used in the characters , , , , and .










Yu

Yu


Xing

Xing



狐钩 Hooked Arc




Hooked Arc Stroke

狐钩 Hooked Arc



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the brush moving down

Move the brush along an arc

Bring the tip back and up

Bring the tip around and off the paper forming a definite hook

This stroke is used in the characters , , , and .


折钩 Turning Hook




Turning Hook Stroke

折钩 Turning Hook Stroke



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the brush moving down

Move the right forming an arc

Bring the tip back

Lift the brush to form an upward facing hook

This stroke is used in the characters , , and .


横钩 Horizontal Hooked




Horizontal Hooked Stroke

横钩 Horizontal Hooked Stroke



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the brush moving right

Lift the brush and then press down again

Bring the tip back

Press, turn, and then flick up and off the paper

This stroke is used in the characters , , and .


挑法 Upward Flick




Upward Flick title='Upward Flick'/>

挑法 Upward Flick Stroke



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the brush moving down

Bring the tip back

Press down again

Press, turn, and then flick up and off the paper

This stroke is used in the characters , , and .


短撇 Short Downwards Left Curved




Short Downwards Left Curved Stroke

短撇 Short Downwards Left Curved Stroke



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the brush moving down

Bring the tip back

Keep moving down and left

Flick up and off the paper

This stroke is used in the characters , , and and .











Niu

Niu


Fu

Fu


Ru

Ru



Left Curved




Left Curved Stroke title='Left Curved Stroke'/>

Left Curved Stroke



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the brush moving down

Turn and press the brush down

Lift the brush up off the paper a little

Flick up and off the paper

This stroke is used in the characters , , , and .


长撇 Long Downwards Left Curved




Long Downwards Left Curved Stroke

长撇 Long Downwards Left Curved Stroke



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the tip moving down

Continue moving the brush down

Change the direction a little to the left

Flick up and off the paper

This stroke is used in the characters , , , , and .











<a title="rén | 1. person / people / a human being, 2. Kangxi radical 9, 3. a kind of person, 4. everybody, 5. adult, 6. somebody / others, 7. an upright person, 8. Human Realm" class="vocabulary" href="/words/399.html">人</a> Ren

Ren


Fu

Fu


Bai

Bai



Downwards Right Concave Stroke




Downwards Right Concave Stroke

Downwards Right Concave Stroke


Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the tip moving right

Continue moving the brush right and down

Bring the brush back and up

Turn the brush again and flick up and off the paper

This stroke is used in the characters , , , , , and .











Ren title='Ren'/>

Ren


Wen title='Wen'/>

Wen


Fu

Fu



平捺 Flat Right Concave Stroke




Flat Right Concave Stroke

平捺 Flat Right Concave Stroke



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the tip moving right

Continue moving the brush right

Turn the tip back

Turn the brush right again and flick up and off the paper

This stroke is used in the characters , , , and .


右厥 Right Combined Horizontal and Vertical Hook Stroke




Right Combined Horizontal and Vertical Hook Stroke

右厥 Right Combined Horizontal and Vertical Hook Stroke



Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the tip moving right

Move down for the horizontal stroke

Move around and back up

Form a definite left facing hook

This stroke is used in the characters , , , , , and .











Si

Si


Ce

Ce


Nei

Nei



左厥 Left Combined Horizontal and Vertical Hook Stroke




Left Combined Horizontal and Vertical Hook Stroke

左厥 Left Combined Horizontal and Vertical Hook Stroke


Start the stroke with a hidden tip

Turn the tip moving down

At the corner lighten pressure on the brush, turn, and then increase pressure again

Reduce pressure again and then move right

At the end of the horizontal stroke turn around to and down.

Turn the tip back.

This stroke is used in the character and .

Vocabulary Analysis


See the Help page for more information on the best use of the dictionary or if you have problems. Copyright Fo Guang Shan Nan Tien Institute 佛光山南天大學 2013-2018, www.nantien.edu.au. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. See About. Please send comments to alex@chinesenotes.com.

This page was last updated on 2018-02-14.