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An introduction to Chinese calligraphy

基本笔画(颜体) Fundamental Strokes (Yanti)

基本笔画颜体) Fundamental Strokes (Yanti)

There are twenty two fundamental strokes and each is described below for the Yan style (颜体).

左上点 Upper Left Dot

Upper Left Dot
左上点 Upper Left Dot
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the brush moving left
Turn the brush moving down and right
Move back in a transition
Move the brush out and up off the paper
This stroke is used in the characters , , and ,.

上点 Upper Dot

Upper Dot
上点 Upper Dot
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Move the tip to the right
Turn the brush moving down and left
Move back and stop An upper dot (上点 or 斜点) is used in the characters , , , , , and .
Zhu
Zhu
Wen
We

左下点 Lower Left Dot

Lower Left Dot
左下点 Lower Left Dot
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Move the tip to the left
Moving the brush down and left
Move back in a transition
Move the brush out and up off the paper
This stroke is used in the character .

右下点 Lower Right Dot

Lower Right Dot
右下点 Lower Right Dot
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Move the tip to the right
Continue down and right
Move down and around
Return back and stop
This stroke is used in the characters , , and .
Xia
Xia
Nei
Nei

短横 Short Horizontal Stroke

Short Horizontal Stroke
短横 Short Horizontal Stroke
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the brush moving right
Move the brush to the right
Turn the tip down
Move back and stop
This stroke is used in the characters , , , , , , and .
Zhu
Zhu
Er
Er
Ri
Ri

长横 Long Horizontal Stroke

Long Horizontal Stroke
长横 Long Horizontal Stroke
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the brush moving right
Move the brush to the right
Turn the tip down
Move back and stop
This stroke is used in the characters , , , , , , , and .
Xia
Xia
Er
Er
Wang
Wang

直竖 Straight Vertical

Straight Vertical
直竖 Straight Vertical
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the brush moving down
Firm downward movement
Turn the tip right
Move back and stop
This stroke is used in the characters , , , , and .
Xia
Xia

左弧竖 Left Vertical

Left Vertical
左弧竖 Left Vertical
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the brush moving down
Use a left facing arc shaped downward movement
Turn the tip right
Move back and stop
This stroke is used in the characters , , , , and .
Ri
Ri
Xing
Xing

右弧竖 Right Vertical

Right Vertical
右弧竖 Right Vertical
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the brush moving down
Use a right facing arc shaped downward movement
Turn the tip back and up
Lightly lift the brush and stop
This stroke is used in the characters and .

悬针 Hanging Vertical

Hanging Vertical
悬针 Hanging Vertical
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the brush moving down
Turn back to thicken the middle of the stroke
Continue moving the brush down
Move the brush straight down and off the page
This stroke is used in the characters , , and .
Niu
Niu
Shi
Shi
Zao
Zao

竖钩 Vertical Hooked

Vertical Hooked Stroke
竖钩 Vertical Hooked
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the brush moving down
Continue moving the brush down forming a curved edge on the right side
Move the brush down and around
Bring the tip around and off the paper forming a definite hook
This stroke is used in the characters , , , , and .
Yu
Yu
Xing
Xing

狐钩 Hooked Arc

Hooked Arc Stroke
狐钩 Hooked Arc
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the brush moving down
Move the brush along an arc
Bring the tip back and up
Bring the tip around and off the paper forming a definite hook
This stroke is used in the characters , , , and .

折钩 Turning Hook

Turning Hook Stroke
折钩 Turning Hook Stroke
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the brush moving down
Move the right forming an arc
Bring the tip back
Lift the brush to form an upward facing hook
This stroke is used in the characters , , and .

横钩 Horizontal Hooked

Horizontal Hooked Stroke
横钩 Horizontal Hooked Stroke
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the brush moving right
Lift the brush and then press down again
Bring the tip back
Press, turn, and then flick up and off the paper
This stroke is used in the characters , , and .

挑法 Upward Flick

Upward Flick
挑法 Upward Flick Stroke
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the brush moving down
Bring the tip back
Press down again
Press, turn, and then flick up and off the paper
This stroke is used in the characters , , and .

短撇 Short Downwards Left Curved

Short Downwards Left Curved Stroke
短撇 Short Downwards Left Curved Stroke
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the brush moving down
Bring the tip back
Keep moving down and left
Flick up and off the paper
This stroke is used in the characters , , and and .
Niu
Niu
Fu
Fu
Ru
Ru

Left Curved

Left Curved Stroke
Left Curved Stroke
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the brush moving down
Turn and press the brush down
Lift the brush up off the paper a little
Flick up and off the paper
This stroke is used in the characters , , , and .

长撇 Long Downwards Left Curved

Long Downwards Left Curved Stroke
长撇 Long Downwards Left Curved Stroke
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the tip moving down
Continue moving the brush down
Change the direction a little to the left
Flick up and off the paper
This stroke is used in the characters , , , , and .
<a title="rén | 1. person / people / a human being, 2. Kangxi radical 9, 3. a kind of person, 4. everybody, 5. adult, 6. somebody / others, 7. an upright person, 8. Human Realm" class="vocabulary" href="/words/399.html">人</a> Ren
Ren
Fu
Fu
Bai
Bai

Downwards Right Concave Stroke

Downwards Right Concave Stroke
Downwards Right Concave Stroke
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the tip moving right
Continue moving the brush right and down
Bring the brush back and up
Turn the brush again and flick up and off the paper
This stroke is used in the characters , , , , , and .
Ren
Ren
Wen
Wen
Fu
Fu

平捺 Flat Right Concave Stroke

Flat Right Concave Stroke
平捺 Flat Right Concave Stroke
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the tip moving right
Continue moving the brush right
Turn the tip back
Turn the brush right again and flick up and off the paper
This stroke is used in the characters , , , and .

右厥 Right Combined Horizontal and Vertical Hook Stroke

Right Combined Horizontal and Vertical Hook Stroke
右厥 Right Combined Horizontal and Vertical Hook Stroke
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the tip moving right
Move down for the horizontal stroke
Move around and back up
Form a definite left facing hook
This stroke is used in the characters , , , , , and .
Si
Si
Ce
Ce
Nei
Nei

左厥 Left Combined Horizontal and Vertical Hook Stroke

Left Combined Horizontal and Vertical Hook Stroke
左厥 Left Combined Horizontal and Vertical Hook Stroke
Start the stroke with a hidden tip
Turn the tip moving down
At the corner lighten pressure on the brush, turn, and then increase pressure again
Reduce pressure again and then move right
At the end of the horizontal stroke turn around to and down.
Turn the tip back.
This stroke is used in the character and .

Vocabulary Analysis


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This page was last updated on 2017-11-21.