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Decorative Designs in Chinese Art 中国文物的纹饰

Fire Design 火纹
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Table of Decorative Designs 纹饰

The table below lists the various decorative designs discussed in this article.

纹饰 Table of Decorative Designs
Design 纹饰 Period Artifact 文物
String Pattern 弦纹 Banpo style from Yangshao Culture 仰韶文化半坡类型 (4,800—3,600 BCE) Painted Pottery Pot 彩陶壶
Majiayao Culture 马家窑文化 (c. 3,100—2,900 BCE) Painted Pottery Pot 彩陶壶
Lattice Pattern 网格纹 Banshan Phase of Majiayao Culture 马家窑文化半山类型 (c. 2,600—2,300 BCE) Painted Pottery Pot 彩陶壶
Zigzag Pattern 曲折纹 Machang Phase of Majiayao Culture 马家窑文化半山类型 (c. 2,200—2,000 BCE) Painted Pottery Jar 彩陶罐
Ring Pattern 圆圈纹 Machang Phase of Majiayao Culture 马家窑文化半山类型 (c. 2,200—2,000 BCE) Painted Pottery Pot 彩陶壶
Declining curtain pattern 重幛纹 Miaodigou Style from the Yangshao Culture 仰韶文化庙底沟类型盆 (c. 3,600—3,000 BCE) Painted Pottery Bowl 彩陶钵
Ripple pattern 水波纹 Spring and Autumn Period 春秋 (771—445 BCE) Celadon Tripod Ding 三系鼎
Geometric Design 几何纹 Late Warring States Period 战国晚期 (Mid 4th century — 221 BCE) Bronze Ware 青铜器
Grain design 谷纹 Warring States Period 战国 (475—221 BCE) Bi (jade disc) 璧
Warring States Period 战国 (475—221 BCE) Huang (arc-shaped jade pendant) 璜
Spiral pattern 螺纹 Early 20th century 20世纪上半叶 Uygur copper pitcher in lacquer inlay 维吾尔族刻花填漆铜水壶
Rectangular spiral decorations 回纹   Furniture 家具
Wave pattern 海水 Chenghua Reign, Ming 明 成化 (1465-1487) Blue and white porcelain plate 青花盘
Dragon Design 龙纹 Hongshan Culture 红山文化 (4,000—3,000) Jade dragon 玉龙
Longshan Culture 龙山文化 (c. 2,300—2,100 BCE) Painted Pottery Plate 彩绘陶盆
Late Shang Dynasty 商朝晚期 (13th — 11th century BCE) Ding with Flat Legs 扁足鼎
  Bronze Ware 青铜器
Wu Ping Reign, Northern Qi 北齐武平三年 (572) Buddhist Steele, Stone 佛像石碑
Qianlong Reign, Qing 清 乾隆 (1736—1795) Yellow Satin Embroidered Table Cover 黄缎绣桌围
Qianlong Reign, Qing 清 乾隆 (1736—1795) Carved ivory dragon 象牙雕龙
Qing 清 (1644—1911) Dragon robe 龙袍
Distorted Dragon Design 变形龙纹 Mid Spring and Autumn Period 春秋中期 (Early 7th — Early 6th century BCE) Pen 盆
Interleaved Dragon and Scale Design 交龙重鳞纹 Late Spring and Autumn Period 春秋晚期 (Early 6th century — 476 BCE) Ding 鼎
Coiled Dragon 蟠龙 Late Spring and Autumn Period 春秋晚期 (Early 6th century — 476 BCE) Drum Stand 鼓座
Dragon and Cloud Design 龙云纹 Qing Dynasty 清 (1,644—1,911) Jade Pendant 玉佩
Yongzheng Reign, Qing Dynasty 清 雍正 (1723—1735) Blue and White Porcelain Zun 青花瓷器尊
Yongzheng Reign, Qing Dynasty 清 雍正 (1723—1735) Blue and White Porcelain Plate 青花瓷器盘
Qing 清 (1644—1911) Dyed Silk 色绢
Qianlong Reign, Qing Dynasty 清乾隆 (1736—1795) Vase 瓶
Denglong 蹬龙 15th Century 十五世纪 Huabiao at Tiananmen 天安门华表
Kui dragon design 夔纹 Northern Dynasties 北朝 (386—581 CE) Brocade 锦
Cross Design 十字纹 Late Xia Dynasty 夏朝晚期 (18th — 16th century BCE) Battle Ax 方钺
Animal Mask Design 兽面纹 (Taotie Design 饕餮纹) Mid Shang Dynasty 商朝中期 (15th — 13th century BCE) Jia 斝
Late Shang Dynasty 商朝晚期 (13th — 11th century BCE) Gui 簋
Late Shang Dynasty 商朝晚期 (13th — 11th century BCE) Pou 瓿
Early Western Zhou Dynasty 西周早期 (11th century BCE) You 卣
  Bronze Ware 青铜器
Morphed Animal Mask Design 变形兽面纹 Spring and Autumn Period 春秋 (771—476 BCE) Zheng (a Musical Instrument) 钲
Bird Design 凤鸟纹 Early Western Zhou Dynasty 西周早期 (11th century BCE) Jia Gui 甲簋
Western Han 西汉 (206 BCE — 8 CE) Bi (jade disc) 璧
  Bronze Ware 青铜器
Tang 唐 (618—907) Brocade with a lucky bird holding a ribbon and nest of petals 花瓣团窠瑞鸟衔绶锦
Song 宋 (960—1279) Silk tapestry 缂丝
Late 20th century 20世纪下半叶 Miao batik quilt 苗族蜡染花被面
Flying bird and cloud design 飞鸟云纹 Tang 唐 (618—907) Multi-colored glazed porcelain plate 彩色釉陶盘
wild goose and cloud design 云雁纹 Tang 唐 (618—907) Multi-colored glazed porcelain plate 彩色釉陶盘
Mandarin Ducks 鸳鸯 Tang 唐 (618—907) Sancai porcelain Mandarin duck flask 三彩鸳鸯扁壶
Crane 鹤 Song 宋 (960—1279) Ornament with crane and cloud design 云鹤纹饰
Qing 清 (1644—1911) Official badge 官补
Parrot 鹦鹉 Ming 明 (1368—1644) Jade ornament 玉饰
Egret 鹭 Yuan 元 (1271—1368) Ornament with lotus and egret design 莲鹭纹饰
Fire Design 火纹 Mid Shang Dynasty 商朝中期 (15th — 13th century BCE) Jia 斝
  Bronze Ware 青铜器
Animal Design 动物纹   Bronze Ware 青铜器
Early 20th century 20世纪上半叶 Miao sleeve attachments with embroidery 苗族剖绣动物纹袖片
Lightening Design 雷纹 Late Shang Dynasty 商朝晚期 (13th — 11th century BCE) Pou 瓿
  Bronze Ware 青铜器
Ram 羊首 Late Shang Dynasty 商朝晚期 (13th — 11th century BCE) Four Headed Ram Pou 四羊首瓿
Ming 明 (1368—1644) Jade ornament with sheep symbolizing an auspicious new year 羊开泰饰板
Doves 鸠 Early Spring and Autumn Period 春秋早期 (771 — Early 7th century BCE) Li with Three Doves 三鸠鬲
Ox 牛 Late Spring and Autumn Period 春秋晚期 (Early 6th century — 476 BCE) Zun (Wine Vessel) 牺尊
Eight trigrams design 八卦纹 Jiajing Reign, Ming Dynasty (1521—1566) Doucai Censer 斗彩香炉
Yin and Yang 阴阳   Robe with eight divinatory trigrams 八卦衣
Eight Buddhist Emblems Design 八吉祥纹 Qianlong Reign, Qing 清 乾隆 (1736—1795) Flat Sided Vase 抱月瓶
Rolling Cloud Design 卷云纹 Western Han 西汉 (202 BCE — 8 CE) Eaves Tile 瓦当
Lotus Design 莲花纹 Northern Wei 北魏 (386—584) Eaves Tile 瓦当
Song 宋 (960—1279) White glazed vase with incised fish and lotus design 白釉划花莲鱼纹瓶
Lotus 莲花 Tubo Period 吐蕃分治时期 (9th—13th centuries) Bronze with Guilding Amoghasiddha Buddha Statue 铜镀金不动成就佛像
Yuan Dynasty 元 (1279—1368) Ginger-yellow glazed porcelain bowl 姜黄釉碗
Lotus bouquet design 把莲纹 Northern Song 北宋 (960—1127) Porcelain pillow 枕
Lotus petal design 莲瓣 Eastern Han 东汉 (25—220 CE) Brown glazed pottery lian 褐绿釉陶奁
Southern Dynasties 南朝 (420—589) Celadon jar 青釉罐
Song 宋 (960—1279) Celadon Covered Jar 青釉盖罐
Lotus leaf 荷叶 Jin — Early Yuan Dynasty 金〜元初 (1115—1300) Moon white glazed jar 月白釉盖罐
Leaf pattern 花叶纹 Southern Song — Yuan 南宋〜元 (1127—1368) Covered jar 盖罐
Floral Design 花卉纹 Tang 唐 (618—907) Brocade with bird and flower design 花鸟纹锦
Jiājì​ng Reign, Qing 清 嘉靖 (1521-1567) Round carved lacquer box 红雕漆圆盒
Jia Qing Reign, Qing Dynasty (1796-1820) Hanging Vase 壁瓶
  Gold Plate 金盆
  Furniture 陈设
Flower and Fruit Design 花果纹 Xuan De Reign, Ming Dynasty 明宣德 (1426—1435) Plate with Brown on White Glaze Background 白釉酱色彩盘
Bamboo 竹子   Bamboo relief sculpture 竹林浮雕
Grapes 葡萄 Qing 清 (1644—1911) Carved rectangular ivory box 象牙雕长方盒
Granadilla Floral Design 番莲纹 Qianlong Reign, Qing 清 乾隆 (1736—1795) Duomu Pitcher 多穆壶
Qianlong Reign, Qing 清 乾隆 (1735—1796) Cloisonne Incense Burner 景泰蓝香炉
Interlaced floral design 缠枝花卉纹 Northern Song 北宋 (960—1279) Celadon vase 青釉瓶
Peony 牡丹 Song 宋 (960—1279) Celadon meiping vase 青釉梅瓶
Xi Xia 西夏 (1032—1227) Porcelain vase with inscribed blooming peony design 刻花开光牡丹纹瓶
  Square Red Carved Lacquer Ware Plate 红雕漆方盘
Chrysanthemum petals 菊瓣 Wanli Reign, Ming Dynasty 明万历 (1573—1620) Porcelain plate with wucai butterfly desgin 五彩花蝶纹盘
Camellia Design 山茶纹 Yongle Reign, Ming Dynasty 明永乐 (1403—1424) Blue and white oblate porcelain flask 青花扁壶
Bamboo Design 竹纹 Qing 清 (1644—1911) Mahogany chessboard 老红木棋桌
Dragon and phoenix design 龙凤纹 Late Spring and Autumn 春秋晚期 (Late 6th century —477 BCE) Jade Ornament 玉饰
Yuan Dynasty 元 (1279—1368) Black Painted White Base Flat Pot 白地黑花扁壶
phoenix design 凤纹 Yuan Dynasty 元 (1279—1368) Celadon plate 青釉盘
Xuan De Reign, Ming Dynasty 明宣德 (1426—1435) Blue and white porcelain dish 青花盘
String Bead Design 串珠纹 Yuan Dynasty 元 (1279—1368) Greenish-Glazed White Pot 青白釉壶
Brocade design 锦纹 Qianlong Reign, Qing Dynasty 清 乾隆 (1736-1795) Red Lacquer Ware Plate 剔红盘
Figurines 人物 Three Kingdoms Period (Wu) 三国(吴) 222—280 CE Celadon jar with piled figurines 青釉堆塑人物罐
Western Jin 西晋 (265—317) Celadon jar with watchtower and figures 青釉堆塑楼阙人物罐
Bixie 辟耶 Western Jin 西晋 (265—317) Celadon lion-shaped bixie 青釉狮形辟耶
Tomb Guardian Beast 镇墓兽 Tang 唐 (618—907) Multi-colored glazed porcelain tomb guardian beast 彩色釉陶镇墓兽
Lions 狮子 Mid-fifteenth century 十五世纪中期 Blue and white porcelain plate 青花盘
  Statue of a Lion at Yonghegong 雍和宫狮子石像
Deer 鹿 Guangxu Reign, Qing 清 (1875-1908) Fencai zun 粉彩尊
Bat 蝙蝠   Bat 蝙蝠
Elephant 大象   Elephant 大象
Monkey 猴子   Monkey 猴子
Twelve animals of the Terrestrial Branches 十二生肖 Five Dynasties 五代 (907—960) Bronze mirror 铜镜
Rat 鼠 Tang 唐 (618—907) Animal figurine 陶生肖俑
Qilin (Chinese unicorn) 麒麟 Zhengtong Reign, Ming Dynasty 明永乐 (1403—1424) Porcelain plate with unicorn gazing at the moon 青花麒麟望月纹盘
Frog 蛙 Warring States Period 战国 (475—221 BCE) Belt buckle with animal mask and frog design 兽首蛙纹带钩
Silk moth design 蚕蛾纹   Silk moth design 蚕蛾纹
Cicada 蝉 Qing 清 (1644—1911) Zisha brush rest with a cicada on a branch 紫砂桂枝歇蝉笔架
Praying mantis 螳 Kangxi Reign, Qing 清 康熙 (1662—1722) Blue and white porcelain flower container 青花花觚
Goody luck 吉 Qing 清 (1644—1911) Cloisonne Enamel Incense Burner 珐琅香炉
Qing 清 (1644—1911) Ceremonial robe with gold coiled cloud embroidery 刺绣蟠金云神袍
Longevity 寿 Jiajing Reign, Ming 明 嘉靖 (1521—1566) Wucai plate 五彩
Qianlong Reign, Qing 清 乾隆 (1735—1796) Enamel Cup 珐琅杯
Qianlong Reign, Qing 清 乾隆 (1735—1796) Doucai plate 斗彩盘
  Carved brick 砖雕
Xi (happiness) character 喜   Eaves tile 瓦当
Ruyi design 如意纹   Furniture with ruyi design (detail) 如意纹陈设(部分)
Cracked ice 冰裂   Open screen window 漏窗
Reserved panel design 开光 Kangxi Reign, Qing Dynasty 清康熙 (1662—1722) Porcelain bottle with blue background 酒蓝地青花瓶
Medallion design 团花纹 Guangxu Reign, Qing Dynasty 清光绪 (1875-1908) Vase with blue background 蓝地瓶
Landscape 山水   Wood carving 木雕
Hundred sons 百子   Red Cotton Lined Lady's Jacket with Gold Embroidery 红纱罗金色绣女夹衣
Ancestral soul motif 祖灵纹 Late 20th century 20世纪下半叶 Miao sleeve with embroidered braiding 苗族辫绣
Tree lamp design 灯树纹 Northern Dynasties 北朝 (386—581 CE) Brocade 锦
Nimbus 背光 Northern Wei, First year of the reign of Zheng Shi 北魏正始元年 (504) Bronze Statue of the Buddha 佛铜像
Northern Wei, Second year of Jing Ming Reign 北魏景明二年 (501) Gilt bronze bodhisattva statue 菩萨鎏金铜像
Aureole 身光   Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva statue 观音菩萨像
Speaking the Dharma mudra 说法印 Sui 隋 (581—618) Bronze statues of Amitabha 阿弥陀三尊铜像
Dhyana mudra 禅定印   Sakyamuni Buddha seated statue 释迦牟尼佛坐像
Pagoda 佛塔   Incense Burner 香炉
Bhumyakramana Mudra 触地印 Kingdom of Dali, Second year of Sheng Ming Reign 大理国盛明二年 (1163) Gilt bronze Mahavairocana statue 大日遍照鎏金铜像
Abhaya mudra 施无畏印 Northern Qi 北齐 (550—577) Stone Statue of the Buddha 佛石像
Vara mudra 愿印 Northern Qi 北齐 (550—577) Stone Statue of the Buddha 佛石像
Jataka stories 本生 Second year of Xinghe Reign, Eastern Wei 东魏 兴和二年 (540) Stone Buddha statue 佛石像
Reclining Buddha 卧佛   Reclining Buddha 卧佛
Medicine Buddha 药师佛 1335 Duobao Pagoda 多宝塔
Meeting with the Locana Buddha 卢舍那佛会 1022 CE Meeting with the Locana Buddha 卢舍那佛会
Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva 观音菩萨   Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva statue 南海观音像
Manjusri Bodhisattva 文殊师利 Yuan 元 (1279—1368) Manjusri Bodhisattva 文殊师利
Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva 地藏菩萨   Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva statue 地藏菩萨像
Samantabhadra Bodhisattva 普贤菩萨   Samantabhadra Bodhisattva statue 普贤菩萨像
Maitreya Bodhisattva 弥勒菩萨 Southern Song 南宋 (1127—1280) Maitreya Bodhisattva 弥勒菩萨
Vajrapani Bodhisattva 金刚手菩萨 Yuan 元 (1279—1368) Vajrapani Bodhisattva 金刚手菩萨
Lokapala 天王 Tang 唐 (618—917) Stone Lokapala statue 天王石像
Apsaras 飞天   Apsaras 飞天
Wooden fish 木鱼   Wooden fish 木鱼
Dharma Wheel 法轮   Dharma Wheel 法轮
Ruyi 如意 Qing 清 (1,644—1,911) Sceptre with three white jade inlays 白玉三镶如意
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