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Decorative Designs in Chinese Art 中国文物的纹饰

Table of Decorative Designs 纹饰表

Table of Decorative Designs

The table below lists the various decorative designs discussed in this article.

Table of Decorative Designs
DesignPeriodArtifact
String Pattern 弦纹 Banpo style from Yangshao Culture 仰韶文化半坡类型 (4,800—3,600 BCE) Painted Pottery Pot 彩陶
Majiayao Culture 马家窑文化 (c. 3,100—2,900 BCE) Painted Pottery Pot 彩陶
Lattice Pattern 网格纹 Banshan Phase of Majiayao Culture 马家窑文化半山类型 (c. 2,600—2,300 BCE) Painted Pottery Pot 彩陶
Zigzag Pattern 曲折纹 Machang Phase of Majiayao Culture 马家窑文化半山类型 (c. 2,200—2,000 BCE) Painted Pottery Jar 彩陶
Ring Pattern 圆圈纹 Machang Phase of Majiayao Culture 马家窑文化半山类型 (c. 2,200—2,000 BCE) Painted Pottery Pot 彩陶
Declining curtain pattern 重幛纹 Miaodigou Style from the Yangshao Culture 仰韶文化庙底沟类型 (c. 3,600—3,000 BCE) Painted Pottery Bowl 彩陶
Ripple pattern 水波纹 Spring and Autumn Period 春秋 (771—445 BCE) Celadon Tripod Ding 三系
Geometric Design 几何纹 Late Warring States Period 战国晚期 (Mid 4th century — 221 BCE) Bronze Ware 青铜器
Grain design 谷纹 Warring States Period 战国 (475—221 BCE) Bi (jade disc)
Warring States Period 战国 (475—221 BCE) Huang (arc-shaped jade pendant)
Spiral pattern 螺纹 Early 20th century 20世纪上半叶 Uygur copper pitcher in lacquer inlay 维吾尔族刻花水壶
Rectangular spiral decorations 回纹   Furniture 家具
Wave pattern 海水 Chenghua Reign, Ming 成化 (1465-1487) Blue and white porcelain plate 青花
Dragon Design 龙纹 Hongshan Culture 红山文化 (4,000—3,000) Jade dragon
Longshan Culture 龙山文化 (c. 2,300—2,100 BCE) Painted Pottery Plate 彩绘
Late Shang Dynasty 商朝晚期 (13th — 11th century BCE) Ding with Flat Legs
  Bronze Ware 青铜器
Wu Ping Reign, Northern Qi 北齐武平 (572) Buddhist Steele, Stone 佛像石碑
Qianlong Reign, Qing 乾隆 (1736—1795) Yellow Satin Embroidered Table Cover
Qianlong Reign, Qing 乾隆 (1736—1795) Carved ivory dragon 象牙
Qing (1644—1911) Dragon robe 龙袍
Distorted Dragon Design 变形龙纹 Mid Spring and Autumn Period 春秋中期 (Early 7th — Early 6th century BCE) Pen
Interleaved Dragon and Scale Design Late Spring and Autumn Period 春秋晚期 (Early 6th century — 476 BCE) Ding
Coiled Dragon 蟠龙 Late Spring and Autumn Period 春秋晚期 (Early 6th century — 476 BCE) Drum Stand
Dragon and Cloud Design 云纹 Qing Dynasty (1,644—1,911) Jade Pendant
Yongzheng Reign, Qing Dynasty 雍正 (1723—1735) Blue and White Porcelain Zun 青花瓷器
Yongzheng Reign, Qing Dynasty 雍正 (1723—1735) Blue and White Porcelain Plate 青花瓷器
Qing (1644—1911) Dyed Silk
Qianlong Reign, Qing Dynasty 乾隆 (1736—1795) Vase
Denglong 蹬龙 15th Century 十五世纪 Huabiao at Tiananmen 天安门华表
Kui dragon design 夔纹 Northern Dynasties 北朝 (386—581 CE) Brocade
Cross Design 十字 Late Xia Dynasty 夏朝晚期 (18th — 16th century BCE) Battle Ax
Animal Mask Design 兽面纹 (Taotie Design 饕餮纹) Mid Shang Dynasty 商朝中期 (15th — 13th century BCE) Jia
Late Shang Dynasty 商朝晚期 (13th — 11th century BCE) Gui
Late Shang Dynasty 商朝晚期 (13th — 11th century BCE) Pou
Early Western Zhou Dynasty 西周早期 (11th century BCE) You
  Bronze Ware 青铜器
Morphed Animal Mask Design 变形兽面纹 Spring and Autumn Period 春秋 (771—476 BCE) Zheng (a Musical Instrument)
Bird Design 凤鸟纹 Early Western Zhou Dynasty 西周早期 (11th century BCE) Jia Gui
Western Han 西汉 (206 BCE — 8 CE) Bi (jade disc)
  Bronze Ware 青铜器
Tang (618—907) Brocade with a lucky bird holding a ribbon and nest of petals 花瓣
Song (960—1279) Silk tapestry 缂丝
Late 20th century 20世纪下半叶 Miao batik quilt 苗族蜡染花被面
Flying bird and cloud design 飞鸟云纹 Tang (618—907) Multi-colored glazed porcelain plate 彩色釉陶
wild goose and cloud design 雁纹 Tang (618—907) Multi-colored glazed porcelain plate 彩色釉陶
Mandarin Ducks 鸳鸯 Tang (618—907) Sancai porcelain Mandarin duck flask 三彩鸳鸯扁壶
Crane Song (960—1279) Ornament with crane and cloud design 纹饰
Qing (1644—1911) Official badge 官补
Parrot 鹦鹉 Ming (1368—1644) Jade ornament
Egret Yuan (1271—1368) Ornament with lotus and egret design 纹饰
Fire Design 火纹 Mid Shang Dynasty 商朝中期 (15th — 13th century BCE) Jia
  Bronze Ware 青铜器
Animal Design 动物纹   Bronze Ware 青铜器
Early 20th century 20世纪上半叶 Miao sleeve attachments with embroidery 苗族动物纹
Lightening Design 雷纹 Late Shang Dynasty 商朝晚期 (13th — 11th century BCE) Pou
  Bronze Ware 青铜器
Ram Late Shang Dynasty 商朝晚期 (13th — 11th century BCE) Four Headed Ram Pou
Ming (1368—1644) Jade ornament with sheep symbolizing an auspicious new year
Doves Early Spring and Autumn Period 春秋早期 (771 — Early 7th century BCE) Li with Three Doves
Ox Late Spring and Autumn Period 春秋晚期 (Early 6th century — 476 BCE) Zun (Wine Vessel)
Eight trigrams design 八卦 Jiajing Reign, Ming Dynasty (1521—1566) Doucai Censer 斗彩香炉
Yin and Yang 阴阳   Robe with eight divinatory trigrams 八卦
Eight Buddhist Emblems Design 八吉祥 Qianlong Reign, Qing 乾隆 (1736—1795) Flat Sided Vase 抱月瓶
Rolling Cloud Design 卷云纹 Western Han 西汉 (202 BCE — 8 CE) Eaves Tile 瓦当
Lotus Design 莲花纹 Northern Wei 北魏 (386—584) Eaves Tile 瓦当
Song (960—1279) White glazed vase with incised fish and lotus design 花莲
Lotus 莲花 Tubo Period 吐蕃分治时期 (9th—13th centuries) Bronze with Guilding Amoghasiddha Buddha Statue 镀金不动成就佛
Yuan Dynasty (1279—1368) Ginger-yellow glazed porcelain bowl
Lotus bouquet design 把莲纹 Northern Song 北宋 (960—1127) Porcelain pillow
Lotus petal design Eastern Han 东汉 (25—220 CE) Brown glazed pottery lian 绿釉陶
Southern Dynasties 南朝 (420—589) Celadon jar 青釉
Song (960—1279) Celadon Covered Jar 青釉盖罐
Lotus leaf Jin — Early Yuan Dynasty (1115—1300) Moon white glazed jar 盖罐
Leaf pattern 花叶纹 Southern Song — Yuan 南宋 (1127—1368) Covered jar 盖罐
Floral Design 花卉纹 Tang (618—907) Brocade with bird and flower design 花鸟
Jiājì​ng Reign, Qing 嘉靖 (1521-1567) Round carved lacquer box 雕漆
Jia Qing Reign, Qing Dynasty (1796-1820) Hanging Vase 壁瓶
  Gold Plate
  Furniture 陈设
Flower and Fruit Design 花果纹 Xuan De Reign, Ming Dynasty 宣德 (1426—1435) Plate with Brown on White Glaze Background 酱色
Bamboo 竹子   Bamboo relief sculpture 竹林浮雕
Grapes 葡萄 Qing (1644—1911) Carved rectangular ivory box 象牙
Granadilla Floral Design 番莲纹 Qianlong Reign, Qing 乾隆 (1736—1795) Duomu Pitcher 多穆壶
Qianlong Reign, Qing 乾隆 (1735—1796) Cloisonne Incense Burner 景泰蓝香炉
Interlaced floral design 缠枝花卉纹 Northern Song 北宋 (960—1279) Celadon vase 青釉
Peony 牡丹 Song (960—1279) Celadon meiping vase 青釉梅瓶
Xi Xia 西夏 (1032—1227) Porcelain vase with inscribed blooming peony design 刻花开光牡丹纹
  Square Red Carved Lacquer Ware Plate 雕漆
Chrysanthemum petals Wanli Reign, Ming Dynasty 万历 (1573—1620) Porcelain plate with wucai butterfly desgin 五彩
Camellia Design 山茶 Yongle Reign, Ming Dynasty 永乐 (1403—1424) Blue and white oblate porcelain flask 青花扁壶
Bamboo Design Qing (1644—1911) Mahogany chessboard 红木
Dragon and phoenix design 龙凤纹 Late Spring and Autumn 春秋晚期 (Late 6th century —477 BCE) Jade Ornament
Yuan Dynasty (1279—1368) Black Painted White Base Flat Pot 白地黑花扁壶
phoenix design 凤纹 Yuan Dynasty (1279—1368) Celadon plate 青釉
Xuan De Reign, Ming Dynasty 宣德 (1426—1435) Blue and white porcelain dish 青花
String Bead Design 串珠纹 Yuan Dynasty (1279—1368) Greenish-Glazed White Pot 青白釉
Brocade design Qianlong Reign, Qing Dynasty 乾隆 (1736-1795) Red Lacquer Ware Plate
Figurines 人物 Three Kingdoms Period (Wu) 三国) 222—280 CE Celadon jar with piled figurines 青釉堆塑人物
Western Jin 西晋 (265—317) Celadon jar with watchtower and figures 青釉堆塑人物
Bixie 辟耶 Western Jin 西晋 (265—317) Celadon lion-shaped bixie 青釉辟耶
Tomb Guardian Beast 镇墓兽 Tang (618—907) Multi-colored glazed porcelain tomb guardian beast 彩色釉陶镇墓兽
Lions 狮子 Mid-fifteenth century 十五世纪中期 Blue and white porcelain plate 青花
  Statue of a Lion at Yonghegong 雍和宫狮子石像
Deer 鹿 Guangxu Reign, Qing (1875-1908) Fencai zun 粉彩
Bat 蝙蝠   Bat 蝙蝠
Elephant 大象   Elephant 大象
Monkey 猴子   Monkey 猴子
Twelve animals of the Terrestrial Branches 十二生肖 Five Dynasties 五代 (907—960) Bronze mirror
Rat Tang (618—907) Animal figurine 生肖
Qilin (Chinese unicorn) 麒麟 Zhengtong Reign, Ming Dynasty 永乐 (1403—1424) Porcelain plate with unicorn gazing at the moon 青花麒麟望月
Frog Warring States Period 战国 (475—221 BCE) Belt buckle with animal mask and frog design 带钩
Silk moth design 蚕蛾   Silk moth design 蚕蛾
Cicada Qing (1644—1911) Zisha brush rest with a cicada on a branch 紫砂桂枝
Praying mantis Kangxi Reign, Qing 康熙 (1662—1722) Blue and white porcelain flower container 青花
Goody luck Qing (1644—1911) Cloisonne Enamel Incense Burner 珐琅香炉
Qing (1644—1911) Ceremonial robe with gold coiled cloud embroidery 刺绣神袍
Longevity 寿 Jiajing Reign, Ming 嘉靖 (1521—1566) Wucai plate 五彩
Qianlong Reign, Qing 乾隆 (1735—1796) Enamel Cup 珐琅
Qianlong Reign, Qing 乾隆 (1735—1796) Doucai plate 斗彩
  Carved brick 砖雕
Xi (happiness) character   Eaves tile 瓦当
Ruyi design 如意纹   Furniture with ruyi design (detail) 如意纹陈设部分
Cracked ice 冰裂   Open screen window 漏窗
Reserved panel design 开光 Kangxi Reign, Qing Dynasty 康熙 (1662—1722) Porcelain bottle with blue background 青花
Medallion design 团花纹 Guangxu Reign, Qing Dynasty 光绪 (1875-1908) Vase with blue background
Landscape 山水   Wood carving 木雕
Hundred sons 百子   Red Cotton Lined Lady's Jacket with Gold Embroidery 金色夹衣
Ancestral soul motif 祖灵纹 Late 20th century 20世纪下半叶 Miao sleeve with embroidered braiding 苗族
Tree lamp design Northern Dynasties 北朝 (386—581 CE) Brocade
Nimbus 背光 Northern Wei, First year of the reign of Zheng Shi 北魏正始元年 (504) Bronze Statue of the Buddha 铜像
Northern Wei, Second year of Jing Ming Reign 北魏景明 (501) Gilt bronze bodhisattva statue 菩萨鎏金铜像
Aureole 身光   Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva statue 观音菩萨
Speaking the Dharma mudra 说法印 Sui (581—618) Bronze statues of Amitabha 阿弥陀三尊铜像
Dhyana mudra 禅定印   Sakyamuni Buddha seated statue 释迦牟尼佛坐像
Pagoda 佛塔   Incense Burner 香炉
Bhumyakramana Mudra 触地印 Kingdom of Dali, Second year of Sheng Ming Reign 大理国 (1163) Gilt bronze Mahavairocana statue 大日遍照鎏金铜像
Abhaya mudra 施无畏印 Northern Qi 北齐 (550—577) Stone Statue of the Buddha 石像
Vara mudra 愿印 Northern Qi 北齐 (550—577) Stone Statue of the Buddha 石像
Jataka stories 本生 Second year of Xinghe Reign, Eastern Wei 东魏 (540) Stone Buddha statue 石像
Reclining Buddha 卧佛   Reclining Buddha 卧佛
Medicine Buddha 药师佛 1335 Duobao Pagoda 多宝塔
Meeting with the Locana Buddha 卢舍那佛 1022 CE Meeting with the Locana Buddha 卢舍那佛
Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva 观音菩萨   Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva statue 南海观音像
Manjusri Bodhisattva 文殊师利 Yuan (1279—1368) Manjusri Bodhisattva 文殊师利
Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva 地藏菩萨   Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva statue 地藏菩萨
Samantabhadra Bodhisattva 普贤菩萨   Samantabhadra Bodhisattva statue 普贤菩萨
Maitreya Bodhisattva 弥勒菩萨 Southern Song 南宋 (1127—1280) Maitreya Bodhisattva 弥勒菩萨
Vajrapani Bodhisattva 金刚手菩萨 Yuan (1279—1368) Vajrapani Bodhisattva 金刚手菩萨
Lokapala 天王 Tang (618—917) Stone Lokapala statue 天王石像
Apsaras 飞天   Apsaras 飞天
Wooden fish 木鱼   Wooden fish 木鱼
Dharma Wheel 法轮   Dharma Wheel 法轮
Ruyi 如意 Qing (1,644—1,911) Sceptre with three white jade inlays 白玉如意

Glossary and Other Vocabulary