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Decorative Designs in Chinese Art 中国文物的纹饰

Gold and Silver 金银文物

Gold and Silver 金银文物

Gold and silver artifacts in China date back to the Shang Dynasty.

Gilt bronze bodhisattva statue
菩萨鎏金铜像 北魏公元501上海博物馆 Gilt bronze bodhisattva statue Northern Wei, Second year of Jing Ming Reign (501), Shanghai Museum

Gold leaf 鎏金 was common with statues of Buddhas and boddhisattvas. The statues above and below are gilt bronze. The nimbus with flame pattern behind the boddhisatva above is especially effective in gold, reflecting the dazzling light that might be emitted from such a boddhisattva. In addition to being a great effect, such a huge nimbus also allows for the status to be created partly or mostly in relief.

Amoghasiddha Buddha
镀金不动成就佛 吐蕃分治时期(9〜13世纪北京首都博物馆 Bronze with Guilding Amoghasiddha Buddha Statue Tubo Period (9th—13th centuries), Capital Museum, Beijing

The statue of Amoghasiddha Buddha 不动成就佛 above is bronze with gold guilding, partially worn off. There is a lot of symbolism in Buddhist art and also in this statue. One of the easy symbols to recognize is the lotus, a symbol of purity, that Amoghasiddha Buddha is sitting on. The statue is from Tibet but the use of the lotus in Chinese art is the same, both deriving from India.

Vairocana / Buddha of supreme enlightenment
大日遍照鎏金铜像 大理国公元1163上海博物馆 Gilt bronze Mahavairocana statue Kingdom of Dali, Second year of Sheng Ming Reign (1163), Shanghai Museum

The statue of Mahavairocana Buddha 大日遍照 above is showing a Bhumyakramana-Mudra 触地印 touching the ground with his right hand symbolizing the Buddha defeating evil and achieving enlightenment.

The mirror stand below, excavated from the Cao family tomb, is made from pure silver. It is decorated with auspicious designs.

Silver Mirror Stand
公元1279〜1368苏州博物馆 Silver Mirror Stand Yuan (1279—1368), Suzhou Museum

Even though gold and silver artifacts in China date back to the Shang Dynasty, they did not become popular until after the Han dynasty. During the Tang gold and silver items were imported in large quantities from Europe and Southwest Asia. Early Chinese gold artifacts followed the European designs but later on became distinctively Chinese.

metal / gold
花卉纹 北京首都博物馆 Gold Plate with Flower and Plant Design Capital Museum, Beijing

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