Later Jin Dynasty 金
The porcelain pillow was created with a black painted on white base 白地黑花 technique, which was one of the specialties of the Cizhou Kiln 磁州窑, where it was produced. The decoration features a story scene 人物故事.
The Jun Kilns 钧窑 were well known in the Song and early Yuan. There were Jun Kilns all over Henan province. The kilns at Juntai and Baguadong produced porcelain for the Imperial Palace. The Jun Kilns used a translucent glaze colored with copper or iron to give a moon-white, sky-blue, rose-purple, or crab apple-red colors. Careful control of firing temperature, atmosphere, and glaze ingrdients was needed to create these colors. The June kilns also used very thick glaze. A jar from the Jun Kilns is shown below.
In the peony design below a dark glaze was applied and then the background for the design picked out to leave the peony raised above the background.