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Decorative Designs in Chinese Art 中国文物的纹饰

Porcelain 瓷器 Roofs

Roofs

Yellow porcelain roof tiles were used to cover structures associated with the emperor. Palace roofs use special glazed roof tiles called liuli way 琉璃瓦 that were for the exclusive use of the emperor. They took 180 days to make with a special purification process and two firings. The tile ends in the Forbidden City feature stamps with a dragon design. Over a hundred million tiles were used in building the Forbidden City in Beijing. The picture below shows a few of them.

Roof tile from the Forbidden City
故宫瓦当 北京故宫 Roof tile from the Forbidden City Forbidden City, Beijing

The Taihe Hall is the largest hall in the Forbidden City. The ridge end ornaments on the roof are 4.3 tonnes each. One of them is shown in the photo below.

Roof ridge-end decoration
Roof ridge-end decoration on Taihe Hall
Forbidden City, Beijing

Celestial beings and roof beasts are used to decorate roofs in palaces and temples. The use of nine of these in a row is reserved for the emperor. However, the Taihe Hall is unique in having 10 animals, making a total of 13 with the immortal gardian at the end. The celestial beings and roof beasts on the Taihe Hall are shown below.

Celestial beings and roof beasts
仙人走兽 北京故宫 太和殿 Celestial beings and roof beasts on the Taihe Hall Forbidden City, Beijing

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