Pinyin English

汉语语法入门 An Introduction to Chinese Grammar

表示比较 Expressing Comparison


In Chinese, there are many ways to express comparison, including

  1. 介词” (The preposition )

    这个那个。 (This one is more expensive than that one.)

  2. 介词” (The preposition .)

    一样。 (You are the same as your father.)

  3. 动词” (The verb )

    孩子一样这么说话。 (You sound like a child when you talk like that.)

  4. 动词” (The verb )

    ? (Are you as tall as your father?)

  5. 动词不如” (The verb 不如)

    不如那么努力。 (I am not as diligent as you.)

  6. 副词越来越” (The adverb 越来越)

    老百姓生活水平遗传。 (The living standard of ordinary people has been consistently increasing.)

表示比较 Using to Express Comparison


The preposition can be used to express the difference in nature or degree of two people or objects. The basic form is:

比较事物主语) + “比较事物状语) + 谓语

Person or thing to compare (subject) + person or thing to compare (adverbial adjunct) + predicate


For example,

  1. 丝绸棉花漂亮。 (Silk is more pretty than cotton.)

    状语棉花修饰谓语漂亮比较丝绸棉花漂亮程度。 (The adverbial adjunct 棉花 modifies the predicate 漂亮 comparing the degree of beauty of 丝绸 and 棉花.)

  2. 朝阳区房子宣武区房子。 (Homes in Chaoyang District are more expensive than homes in Xuanwu District.)

    介词偏正词组宣武区房子构成介词结构充当状语。 (The preposition and the endocentric phrase 宣武区房子 form a prepositional phrase. which acts as the adverbial adjunct.

  3. 一点。 (This car is a little faster than that one.)

    差别不大经常”、“一些数量补语。 (When the difference is small then complements of quantity, such as and 一些 are often used.

  4. 。 (Every day is better than the last.)

    表示累进可以固定格式:“” + 量词 + “”+ “” + 量词谓语。 (To express progress the following form can be used: + measure word + + measure word + predicate.

表示比较 Using to Express Comparison


The preposition can also be used to express the diferences and similarities between two people or objects. Use to explain whether two people or things are or are not the same. Use to describe the difference more specifically. The basic form of such a sentence is:

比较事物主语) + “比较事物状语) + 谓语

Person or thing to compare (subject) + Person or thing to compare (adverbial adjunct) + predicate


For example,

  1. 一样。 (I am the same as you.)

    代词充当主语介词结构状语形容词一样谓语。 (The pronoun acts as the subject, the prepositional phrase is the adverbial adjunct, and the adjective 一样 is the predicate.

  2. 味道差不多。 (The flavor of this cup of tea and that cup are nearly the same.)

    常见谓语形容词一样”、“差不多”、“相同”。 (Frequently used predicate adjectives include, 一样差不多、and 相同.)

表示比较 Using to Express Comparison


The verb can be used to express that two people or object resemble one another. The basic form is:

事物主语)+ “”(谓语) + 事物宾语

Person or thing (Subject) + (predicate) + Person or thing (object)


For example,

  1. 小丑。 (He looks like a clown.)

    动词比较主语宾语小丑“。 (The verb is used to compare the subject and the object of the sentence 小丑.)

  2. 妈妈那么爱心。 (You are so compassionate, just like your mother.)

    动词”、偏正词组妈妈”、指示代词那么构成状语妈妈那么”;形容词爱心充当谓语。 (The verb , the endocentric phrase 妈妈, and the demonstrative pronoun 那么 form the adverbial adjunct 妈妈那么. The adjective 爱心 acts as the predicate.)

Next: References 参考文献