恭王府 Prince Gongs Mansion

恭王府 Prince Gong's Palace

点击任何单词可以英文解释
Click on any word to see a summary of it's meaning and use.
Audio Play audio (4.1 MB)











中文 Chinese

恭王府

来源 编著 2008 《恭王府》,中国戏剧出版社

现存完整清代王府

恭王府坐落什刹海西1776前身乾隆皇帝大学嘉庆嘉庆皇帝赐予居住成为王府咸丰皇帝赐予自己恭亲王奕訢从此恭王府气势特色中国传统建设北京现存清代王府精美保存完善

公元1644明朝清朝北京沿用明代紫禁城开始规模分封修建王府明代不同清代王府分散全国各地以前全部集中盛京沈阳),全部集中北京北京清代王府基本在内北京东城区西城区)。核心皇宫紫禁城王府点缀周围显示皇帝核心地位这些王府不同年代随着不断分封修建起来1616清朝建立1911宣统皇帝退位将近300时间清朝王府数量相当可观而且清朝灭亡以后北京王府迅速萧条败落主人其他用途时至今日这些王府大都

目前王府恭王府保存完整唯一对外开放而且尽管不是其中历史悠久历代主人兴衰王朝政治发展权力斗争息息相关乾隆清朝见证清朝直至灭亡过程尤其其中主人乾隆大学以及经历道光咸丰同治光绪恭亲王奕訢清朝历史举足轻重人物因而素来恭王府清朝认识我国封建社会王府历史变迁制度沿革人物风情重要载体我国古代建筑以及历史文化方面占有独特地位


英文 English

Prince Gong's Palace

Source: Zhang Ai, Hou Su (Editors) 2008. Prince Gong's Palace. Chinese Theatre Press.

The most complete Qing Prince's Palace still existing

Prince Gong's mansion is located on Liuyin Street on the west bank of Shishahai in Beijing. It was built in approximately 1776. It is a former residence of ministers and university scholars favored by Emperor Qian Long. During the reign of Jia Qing, the emperor granted Qing Wang Yonglin permission to live in the residence and it became known as Prince Qing's Residence. Afterwards, Emperor Xian Feng granted to to his own sixth brother Grand Prince Yi Xin and it became known as Prince Gong's Palace. This is an imposing, expansive, and spacious building and, further, independently has traditional Chinese characteristics. It is one of Beijing's still existing, most refined, best preserved, and complete Qing Dynasty declared bureau.

In 1644 Ad the Qing army cut off and eliminated the Ming Dynasty. Since the Qing Dynasty designated the capital as Beijing they continued to use the Ming Dynasty as the emporer's palace and began to started large scale dividing and confering of property to princes and to build palaces. In contrast with the Ming Dynasty the Qing Dynasty Prince's mansions were not scattered all over the country. Before siezing power the Qing Dynasty's mansions were concentrated in Shengjing (Shenyang) but after siezing power they were moved to Beijing. Beijing's princes' mansions are basically in the inner city (that is in present Beijing Dongcheng and Xicheng districts). The core of the inner city is the Imperial Palace and surrounding it the Prince's mansions decorate the Forbidden City adding a multitude of stars held up to the moon, displaying the emperor's unsurpassed crown position at the core. These prince's mansions were built over different periods of time, following uninterupted division and granting of property. From 1616 to 1911 when the last Qing emperor Xuan Tong (Pu Yi) abdicated, in almost 300 years the Qing Dynasty granted nearly one hundred properties to princes and all buildings are very worthwhile to visit. In addition, after the demise of the Qing Dynasty, Beijings' princes' palaces rapidly fell into decline, many changed owners, and were put to other uses. Even now it is difficult to see the original form of most of these mansions.

At present, amongst the ten or so prince's mansions, Prince Gong's mansion is the best preserved and most intact and is the only one open to the public. However, even though is is not amongst the oldest the rise and fall of its successive generations of owners followed the tide of Qing Dynasty politics and was closely connected with the struggle for power. From the reign of Qian Long to the end of the Qing Dynasty, over more than a hundred years, it has witnessed the prosperity and gradual decline up to and including the ultimate demise of the Qing Dynasty. In particular, there were two hosts — at the time of collapse of the court of Qian Long, the university scholar He Shen, as well as Grand Prince Yi Xin who experienced the reigns of emperors Dao Guang, Xian Feng, Tong Zhi, and Guang Xu and, furthermore wielded signifcant power duing the reigns of Xian, Tong, and Guang's &mdash both played key roles in Qing history. So it is said that “in the Prince Gong Mansion is half of Qing capital's history.” It witnessed the late period of China's historic feudal society, the vicissitudes of politics in the prince's mansion, the evolution of political institutions, and historic characters. Because of architectural and cultural history aspects it possessed a unique place during historic times.


About 关于本网站

© chinesenotes.com 2007-2013. Please send comments to alex@chinesenotes.com.