děng     et cetera / and so on

繁体 traditional:
语法 grammar: 名词 Noun
笔记 notes: For example, 枪支控制和健保等问题 'gun control, health insurance, etc problems.'(VOA 2016-01-18) 等 is used in this sense in both modern (NCCED '等' 6) and literary Chinese. Middle Chinese: tongX (Kroll '等' 4)
同义词 Synonyms:
上概念 parent concept: 虚词 (Function Words)
话题 topic: 现代汉语 (Modern Chinese)

Pinyin English