Qing Dynasty 清
We know a lot about clothing in the Qing Dynasty because much of it was preserved and there is an abundant amount of written information and pictures. Some of the most interesting items of clothing during the Qing are those worn by the members of the Qing court. Because of its location, the Capital Museum in Beijing has a number of excellent items used by Qing emperors and others closely connected with him. The picture below shows an imperial table cover from the Qianlong reign (1736—1795).
The picture below shows a dragon robe 龙袍, which was the emperor's court dress. Golden dragons are embroidered on, as shown in the detail, right. Also, notice the longevity character 寿 to the left of the dragon. The pattern is a traditional dragon playing with a pearl 龙戏珠 design. A common related design is two dragons playing with a pearl 二龙戏珠. These designs refer to a early Chinese literature and legend in Zhuang Zi 庄子 (369-286 BCE), an influential Chinese philosopher who lived during the Warring States Period, and others.
A rank badge 官补 or mandarin square is a large embroidered badge sewn onto an official robe in Imperial China. They were first used in the Ming and continued to be used in the Qing but with different designs. The picture below shown a rank badge with an embroidered crane design, indicating that the person who wore it was a top ranking civilian official.
The picture below shows a lady's jacket with a round crane design.
The emperor wore a dragon robe 龙袍 in court, a mian robe 冕服 at certain ceremonies, and tongtian ceremonial costume 通天冠服 for the highest ceremonies. Yuanyou ceremonial costume 远游冠服 was the full custume worn by princes at ceremonies. Court dress 朝服 was worn by high officials during important events and ceremonies.
The robe below shows an embroidered good luck symbol.
Huiyi 褘衣 was the full female ceremonial costume worn at the most important ceremonies. Yudi costumes 褕翟 were worn by Imperial concubines at important ceremonies. A qingyi costume 青衣 was worn by the emperess when meeting the emperor. A zhuyi 朱衣 was worn by the emperess at banquets when meeting receiving visitors.