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Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》

《項羽本紀》 Annals of Xiang Yu

項羽本紀》 Annals of Xiang Yu

二十四季父世世

:「足以而已不足萬人敵。」於是兵法大喜不肯司馬故事殺人吳中吳中賢士大夫吳中為主兵法賓客子弟以是秦始皇帝會稽浙江:「可取。」:「妄言!」以此過人吳中子弟

秦二世元年七月九月會稽:「江西為人發兵使。」:「。」:「使受命。」:「。」須臾:「可行!」於是持守印綬大驚擾亂所知所為大事吳中使精兵八千部署吳中豪傑校尉司馬不得:「使公主不能以此任用。」於是會稽

廣陵於是廣陵未能敗走楚王:「江東西。」八千西東陽使使西東陽稱為長者東陽少年相聚適用不能萬人少年便特起:「自我家婦未嘗不如有所。」:「世世有名大事不可。」於是將軍萬人下邳

楚王彭城:「不利所在無道。」敗走一日西使使項羽襄城襄城堅守此時沛公

七十居家好奇:「陳勝無罪至今陳勝自立江東世世之後。」於是王孫為人牧羊以為

數月司馬東阿秦軍東阿齊王東阿秦軍使使西:「發兵。」:「不忍。」不肯發兵使沛公項羽攻城西秦軍濮陽收入濮陽沛公項羽定陶定陶西秦軍

東阿西,()[定陶秦軍項羽:「戰勝日益。」使使使者高陵:「?」:「。」:「徐行。」定陶沛公項羽堅守不能沛公項羽:「士卒。」彭城項羽彭城西沛公

以為不足渡河此時走入鉅鹿鉅鹿甬道數萬鉅鹿所謂河北

定陶彭城項羽司徒令尹沛公武安

使者高陵楚王:「可謂。」以為上將軍項羽冠軍安陽四十項羽:「秦軍鉅鹿渡河秦軍。」:「不然不可戰勝不勝西不如堅執不如不如。」下令:「不可使者。」飲酒大雨士卒項羽:「久留不行今歲士卒飲酒渡河力攻』。新造勢必不安境內專屬將軍國家安危在此一舉士卒社稷。」項羽晨朝上將軍:「謀反楚王。」:「將軍將軍。」上將軍使義子使王因使項羽上將軍將軍項羽

項羽冠軍楚國名聞諸侯將軍渡河鉅鹿項羽渡河士卒於是秦軍甬道諸侯諸侯鉅鹿戰士呼聲諸侯人人於是秦軍項羽召見諸侯仰視項羽諸侯上將軍諸侯

項羽秦軍二世使使咸陽司馬趙高不見不信故道趙高使不及:「趙高不能不免將軍。」:「白起攻城不可賜死蒙恬榆中千里不能將軍十萬諸侯趙高二世將軍塞責使將軍將軍將軍不能直諫亡國獨立豈不將軍何不諸侯南面妻子?」狐疑使使項羽未成項羽使將軍日夜項羽秦軍汙水

使人見項羽項羽:「。」:「。」項羽項羽流涕趙高項羽使上將軍秦軍前行

新安諸侯異時使屯戍秦軍諸侯諸侯乘勝使:「將軍諸侯入關不能諸侯父母妻子。」諸侯項羽項羽將軍:「不服關中不如都尉。」於是二十萬人新安

函谷關不得沛公咸陽項羽大怒使項羽至于西沛公項羽相見沛公司馬使項羽:「沛公關中使子嬰珍寶。」項羽大怒:「士卒沛公!」項羽四十新豐沛公十萬項羽:「沛公山東入關財物婦女令人龍虎天子。」
Annals of Xiang Yu:
[Xiang Yu's troops] came to Hangu Pass in former Qin territory. The pass was guarded by (Liu Bang's) soldiers so [Xiang Yu] could not get through. Apart from this, it was said that Pei Gong (namely Liu Bang) had already occupied Xian Yang city. Xiang Yu hence got fiercely angry, so he ordered Lord Dang Yang to attack the pass. Then he got through the pass and marched to Xixi. Pei Gong's troops were stationed in Bashang; he did not have the chance to meet Xiang Yu. A military officer of Pei Gong, Cao Wushang, secretly sent a messenger to Xiang Yu, saying: "Pei Gong intends to be king of Guanzhong, with Zi Ying as prime minister, and possess all the treasures of Qin." Xiang Yu broke out in a rage, and said: "Prepare my soldiers tomorrow morning. I will destroy Pei Gong's army!" At that time, Xiang Yu had 400,000 men stationed in Hongmen, Pei Gong had 100,000 men in Bashang. Fan Zeng said to Xiang Yu: "When Pei Gong was in Shandong, he was very greedy for treasures and beauties. But today in Guanzhong, treasures are untouched, women are intact. This reveals his tremendous ambition. I had his Qi observed, and it is like dragon and tiger, in five colors - this is the Qi of the Son of Heaven. Strike him at once and do not miss!"

項羽季父沛公沛公:「。」:「沛公沛公不可。」沛公沛公大驚:「?」:「大王為此?」:「諸侯』。。」:「大王士卒足以?」沛公默然:「不如?」:「沛公。」沛公:「?」:「殺人。」沛公少長?」:「。」沛公。」沛公沛公婚姻:「入關有所府庫將軍所以出入非常日夜將軍。」許諾沛公:「不可自來。」沛公:「。」於是沛公:「沛公破關今人大功不如。」許諾
Annals of Xiang Yu:
Chu's Chief Minister of the Left Xiang Bo, Xiang Yu's uncle, was a friend of Zhang Liang, Marquis of Liu. Zhang Liang worked for Pei Gong at the time. Xiang Bo hence rode to Pei Gong's camp under the cover of the night, met Zhang Liang privately, told him about the assault and asked him to escape, saying: "You will die if you stay." Liang said: "I was appointed as Pei Gong's servant by the king of Han. Now that Pei Gong is in danger, it is not justifiable for me to escape. I have to warn him."
So Liang came to Pei Gong and told him everything. Pei Gong was surprised and scared, he said: "What should I do?" Liang asked: "Who gave you the idea?" Pei Gong said: "Someone told me to guard the pass and keep off other lords in order to be king of the Qin territory. I took that advice." Liang asked: "Can your troops rival King Xiang?" Pei Gong remained silent for a while, and then said: "Of course we cannot, what should I do?" Liang said: "Please go and tell Xiang Bo that you dare not betray King Xiang." Pei Gong asked: "How do you know Xiang Bo?" Liang answered: "We were old friends in the Qin times, he was guilty to murder and I saved his life. So today he came to save mine in emergency." Pei Gong asked: "Who of you is elder?" Liang said: "He is elder than me." Pei Gong said: "Call him in for me. I will treat him as elder brother."
Zhang Liang went out and invited Xiang Bo. So Xiang Bo came in to see Pei Gong. Pei Gong honored him with a toast and promised him a marriage, saying: "After I came to Guanzhong, I dare not touch anything. I recorded officers and citizens [of the city], sealed the treasury, waiting for the general (Xiang Yu). I guarded the pass only to restrain bandits and for security. I have been expecting the general day and night, how could I betray him? Please tell the general that I dare not do such unvirtuous things!" Xiang Bo promised, he said to Pei Gong: "Tomorrow you have to apologize to King Xiang early." Pei Gong said: "Yes." So Xiang Bo rode back to the camp (of King Xiang) in the night, and told King Xiang what Pei Gong had said. Xiang Bo said: "If it were not for Pei Gong, how could you so easily come to Guanzhong? It is not a noble thing to kill a man of merit. We had better treat him well." King Xiang agreed.

沛公百餘:「將軍將軍河北河南入關將軍小人將軍。」:「沛公司馬不然何以。」沛公亞父亞父沛公西數目默然:「君王為人不忍沛公。」:「君王沛公以為。」:「。」沛公不得於是:「今日何如?」:「常在沛公。」:「同命。」衛士衛士西瞋目:「?」:「沛公。」:「壯士。」拜謝:「。」一生:「壯士?」:「殺人不能刑人不勝天下咸陽』。沛公咸陽有所封閉宮室大王出入非常勞苦如此未有細說大王。」未有:「。」須臾沛公
Annals of Xiang Yu:
The second day, accompanied by one hundred cavalrymen, Pei Gong came to meet King Xiang in Hongmen. Pei Gong apologized: "The general and I fought side by side against Qin. The general fought on the northern side of the (Yellow) river, and I fought on the south. I did not expect that I could be the first to break into Guanzhong and defeat Qin, and finally meet the general here. There must be a petty man trying to casts a bone between the general and me." King Xiang said: "This is all because of your officer Cao Wushang, otherwise I would not have done this."
King Xiang invited Pei Gong to a feast on that day. King Xiang and Xiang Bo sat facing the east. Yafu sat facing the south. Yafu was namely Fan Zeng. Pei Gong sat facing the north. Zhang Liang sat beside (Pei Gong) facing the west. Fan Zeng glanced several times at King Xiang, holding the jade on his girdle to hint (that it was time to take action). King Xiang remained silence and did not react. Fan Zeng stood up, came out and found Xiang Zhuang, said to him: "The Lord has not the heart (to kill). You should go in and toast, then ask to dance with a sword, and kill Pei Gong on his seat. Otherwise we all will be his prisoner one day."
So Zhuang went in and toasted, then he said: "The Lord drinks with Pei Gong, but there is no entertainment in the army, please allow me to dance with my sword." King Xiang said: "Approved." Xiang Zhuang drew his sword and danced. Xiang Bo also drew his sword and danced along, protecting Pei Gong obscurely with his body. Zhuang had no chance.
At this moment, Zhang Liang went out to the gate and found Fan Kuai. Fan Kuai asked: "How is the situation?" Liang said: "Very dangerous! Xiang Zhuang is dancing with sword, intending to kill Pei Gong!" Kuai said: "This is urgent! Let me in, I will save him with my life." Kuai broke through the gate with shield and sword. The guards tried to stop him. He crashed the guards to the ground with his shield. Then he rushed in (to the hall), stood facing the west with the mantle on his shoulders, his eyes opening so wide that the brow ridge was about to break up. King Xiang touched his sword and asked: "Who is this?" Zhang Liang said: "This is Pei Gong's stableman, Fan Kuai." King Xiang said: "A hero! Bestow wine on him!" Kuai was hence given wine. He (gave thanks) on his knees, then stood up and drank it all. King Xiang said: "Bestow pork on him!" He was then given raw pork. Kuai laid his shield on the ground, put the pork on it, cut the pork with his sword and ate. King Xiang asked: "Hero! Can you drink again?" Fan Kuai answered: "Even death will not scare me, how would wine! The emperor of Qin was as cruel as tiger and wolf, killing and torturing the people without an end. So the people revolted against him. King Huai (of Chu) made the agreement with all lords that the first who broke into Guanzhong should be king. Since Pei Gong defeated Qin and took over the city of Xian Yang, he kept nothing for himself. He sealed the palace, and waited for the King's arrival. He ordered his men to guard the pass only to prevent bandits and emergencies. You did not award such a man of merit, but instead trusted lies and tricks, intending to kill him. This is the same behavior as the dead Qin. I suggest your highness not do this." The King did not answer him, instead he only said: "Sit." Fan Kuai then took the seat beside Liang. After a while, Pei Gong got up and went out to the washroom, and asked Kuai to come with him.

沛公使都尉沛公沛公:「?」:「大行不顧如今刀俎。」於是問曰:「大王?」:「亞父:「。」沛公相去四十沛公脫身酈山沛公:「從此不過二十。」沛公:「沛公不勝不能使大王足下大將軍足下。」:「沛公?」:「大王有意脫身。」亞父:「不足天下沛公。」沛公誅殺
Annals of Xiang Yu:
As Pei Gong has come out, King Xiang ordered Lieutenant Chen Ping to call him back in. Pei Gong said (to Fan Kuai): "I came out without saying goodbye, what should I do now?" Fan Kuai said: "The most powerful never mind small matters; the most polite never care about small etiquette. Now they are knife and chopping block, we are fish in between, why need we say goodbye?" So [Pei Gong decided to] leave. He ordered Zhang Liang to stay and apologize for him. Liang asked: "Have you brought anything here?" [Pei Gong] said: "I have a pair of white jade for the Lord, and a pair of jade pecks for Yafu. They were angry so I dare not give them. Please deliver the gifts for me." Liang said: "Yes."
At that time, the camp of King Xiang was in Hongmen, and the camp of Pei Gong was in Bashang, 40 li from each other. Pei Gong discarded his chariot and rode alone, followed by Fan Kuai, Xiahou Ying, Qi Jiang and Ji Xin with swords and shields in their hands. They took a shortcut at the foot of the Mountain Li through Zhiyang. Pei Gong told Liang [before they left]: "It is only 20 li to our camp through this path. You go back in when you estimate that we have arrived." Pei Gong reached his camp after a while. Zhang Liang went back in (to the hall) and apologized: "Pei Gong has drunk too much, he cannot say his farewells. He ordered me to give this pair of white jade to the Lord, and this pair of jade pecks to the high general." King Xiang asked: "Where is Pei Gong?" Liang said: "He heard that the Lord intended to blame him for his fault, so he left and should have arrived in his camp." King Xiang accepted the jade and put it on the table. Yafu took the jade pecks, put them on the ground and broke them with his sword, saying (to Xiang Yu): "Ah! You idiot, I cannot help you! It shall be Pei Gong who will defeat you. We all will be imprisoned by him!" Upon arriving in his camp, Pei Gong executed Cao Wushang.

項羽西咸陽王子宮室三月婦女:「關中山河。」殘破心懷東歸:「富貴故鄉夜行!」:「果然。」

使致命:「。」先王:「天下發難諸侯堅執暴露天下。」:「。」天下沛公天下講解諸侯陰謀:「。」:「關中。」沛公漢王漢中南鄭三分關中漢王咸陽以西都尉司馬咸陽西魏河東平陽河南),河南雒陽故都司馬河內河內朝歌入關山王冠軍九江百越諸侯入關衡山臨江江陵遼東入關齊王入關齊王齊王項羽渡河項羽不肯成安入關南皮封三十萬自立西霸王彭城

元年四月諸侯使:「地方千里上游。」使使長沙群臣背叛衡山臨江使彭城以為遼東

項羽齊王齊王大怒不肯齊王迎擊齊王追擊自立齊王西將軍使說說齊王:「項羽天下不平群臣以為不可大王大王。」齊王反之王因

項羽漢王關中大怒使:「漢王失職關中。」:「。」以此西徵兵九江使項羽城陽會戰不勝平原平原城郭婦女北海人相於是數萬城陽王因未能

漢王諸侯五十萬人精兵三萬四月彭城美人西彭城日中