四圣谛 (四聖諦) sì shèng dì
the fourfold noble truth / four noble truths
Domain: Buddhism 佛教
Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: cattāri ariyasaccāni, Pāli: ariya-sacca, Japanese: shishōtai; namely: (1) all life is suffering 苦諦, (2) the cause of suffering is desire 集諦, (3) emancipation comes only by eliminating passions 滅諦, (4) the way 道諦 to emancipation is the Eight-fold Noble Way 八正道. The four noble truths are also abbreviated in Chinese as 苦集灭道. The four noble truths are explained in the 分別聖諦經 Saccavibhaṅgasutta in the Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》 , which is equivalent to the Majjhima Nikāya 141 in the Pāli Canon; FGS translation standard: Four Noble Truths (DJBT 'Shishōtai'; Faxiang; Nyanatiloka Thera 1980, 'sacca'; T 26, Scroll 7; FGDB '四諦').