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Book of Changes 《易經》

大畜 Da Xu

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Under the conditions of Da Xu it will be advantageous to be firm and correct. (If its subject do not seek to) enjoy his revenues in his own family (without taking service at court), there will be good fortune. It will be advantageous for him to cross the great stream.

剛健篤實日新大正
In (the trigrams composing) Da Xu we have (the attributes) of the greatest strength and of substantial solidity, which emit a brilliant light; and indicate a daily renewal of his virtue (by the subject of it). The strong line is in the highest place, and suggests the value set on talents and virtue; there is power (in the upper trigram) to keep the strongest in restraint: - all this shows 'the great correctness' (required in the hexagram). 'The good fortune attached to the subject's not seeking to enjoy his revenues in his own family' shows how talents and virtue are nourished. 'It will be advantageous to cross the great stream:' - (the fifth line, representing the ruler,) is responded to by (the second, the central line of Qian, representing) Heaven.

山中君子前言
(The trigram representing) a mountain, and in the midst of it that (representing) heaven, form Da Xu. The superior man, in accordance with this, stores largely in his memory the words and deeds of former men, to subserve the accumulation of his virtue.

初九
The first NINE, undivided, shows its subject in a position of peril. It will be advantageous for him to stop his advance.


'He is in a position of peril; it will be advantageous for him to stop his advance:' - he should not rashly expose himself to calamity.

輿
The second NINE, undivided, shows a carriage with the strap under it removed.

輿
'(He is as) a carriage from which the strap under it has been removed:' - being in the central position, he will incur no blame.

良馬輿
The third NINE, undivided, shows its subject urging his way with good horses. It will be advantageous for him to realise the difficulty (of his course), and to be firm and correct, exercising himself daily in his charioteering and methods of defence; then there will be advantage in whatever direction he may advance.

上合
'There will be advantage in whatever direction he may advance:' - (the subject of) the topmost line is of the same mind with him.

六四
The fourth six, divided, shows the young bull, (and yet) having the piece of wood over his horns. There will be great good fortune.

六四有喜
'The great good fortune indicated by the fourth six, (divided),' shows that there is occasion for joy.


The fifth six, divided, shows the teeth of a castrated hog. There will be good fortune.


'The good fortune indicated by the fifth six, (divided),' shows that there is occasion for congratulation.


The sixth NINE, undivided, shows its subject (as) in command of the firmament of heaven. There will be progress.

大行
'In command of the firmament of heaven:' - the way is grandly open for movement.


本作品在全世界都属于公有领域,因为作者逝世已经超过100,并且于192311日之前出版。
English translation: Legge 1882

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