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Book of Changes 《易經》

遯 Dun




Dun indicates successful progress (in its circumstances). To a small extent it will (still) be advantageous to be firm and correct.


'Dun indicates successful progress:' - that is, in the very retiring which Dun denotes there is such progress. The strong (line) is in the ruling place, (the fifth), and is properly responded to (by the second line). The action takes place according to (the requirement of) the time. 'To a small extent it will (still) be advantageous to be firm and correct:' - (the small men) are gradually encroaching and advancing. Great indeed is the significance of (what is required to be done in) the time that necessitates retiring.

天下君子小人
(The trigram representing) the sky and below it that for a mountain form Dun. The superior man, in accordance with this, keeps small men at a distance, not by showing that he hates them, but by his own. dignified gravity.

初六
The first SIX, divided, shows a retiring tail. The position is perilous. No movement in any direction should be made.


There is 'the perilousness of the position shown by the retiring tail:' - but if 'no movement' be made, what disaster can there be?

黃牛
The second SIX, divided, shows its subject holding (his purpose) fast as if by a (thong made from the) hide of a yellow ox, which cannot be broken.

黃牛
'He holds it as; by (a thong from the hide of) a yellow ox:' - his purpose is firm.

臣妾
The third NINE, undivided, shows one retiring but bound,--to his distress and peril. (If he were to deal with his binders as in) nourishing a servant or concubine, it would be fortunate for him.

臣妾不可大事
'The peril connected with the case of one retiring, though bound,' is due to the (consequent) distress and exhaustion. 'If he were (to deal as in) nourishing a servant or concubine, it would be fortunate for him:' - but a great affair cannot be dealt with in this way.

君子小人
The fourth NINE, undivided, shows its subject retiring notwithstanding his likings. In a superior man this will lead to good fortune; a small man cannot attain to this.

君子小人
'A superior man retires notwithstanding his likings; a small man cannot attain to this.'


The fifth NINE, undivided, shows its subject retiring in an admirable way. With firm correctness there will be good fortune.

正志
'He retires in an admirable way, and with firm correctness there will be good fortune:' - this is due to the rectitude of his purpose.

不利
The sixth NINE, undivided, shows its subject retiring in a noble way. It will be advantageous in every respect.

不利
'He retires in a noble way, and his doing so will be advantageous in every respect:' - he who does so has no doubts about his course.


本作品在全世界都属于公有领域,因为作者逝世已经超过100,并且于192311日之前出版。
English translation: Legge 1882

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