Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

Back to collection

Book of Changes 《易經》

家人 Jia Ren



家人女貞
For (the realisation of what is taught in) Jia Ren, (or for the regulation of the family), what is most advantageous is that the wife be firm and correct.

家人正位正位男女天地大義家人父母弟弟家道天下
In Jia Ren the wife has her correct place in the inner (trigram), and the man his correct place in the outer. That man and woman occupy their correct places is the great righteousness shown (in the relation and positions of) heaven and earth. In Jia Ren we have the idea of an authoritative ruler; - that, namely, represented by the parental authority. Let the father be indeed father, and the son son; let the elder brother be indeed elder brother, and the younger brother younger brother, let the husband be indeed husband, and the wife wife: - then will the family be in its normal state. Bring the family to that state, and all under heaven will be established.

家人君子
(The trigram representing) fire, and that for wind coming forth from it, form Jia Ren. The superior man, in accordance with this, orders his words according to (the truth of) things, and his conduct so that it is uniformly consistent.

初九
The first NINE, undivided, shows its subject establishing restrictive regulations in his household Occasion for repentance will disappear.


'He establishes restrictive regulations in his household: - (he does so), before any change has taken place in their wills.


The second SIX, divided, shows its subject taking nothing on herself, but in her central place attending to the preparation of the food. Through her firm correctness there will be good fortune.


'The good fortune attached to the second six, (divided),' is due to the docility (of its subject), operating with humility.

家人嘻嘻
The third NINE, undivided, shows its subject (treating) the members of the household with stern severity. There will be occasion for repentance, there will be peril, (but) there will (also) be good fortune. If the wife and children were to be smirking and chattering, in the end there would be occasion for regret.

家人嘻嘻
When 'the members of the household are treated with stern severity,' there has been no (great) failure (in the regulation of the family). When 'wife and children are smirking and chattering,' the (proper) economy of the family has been lost.

六四大吉
The fourth SIX, divided, shows its subject enriching the family. There will be great good fortune.

大吉在位
'The family is enriched, and there is great good fortune:' - this is due to the docility (belonging to the subject of the line), and its being in its correct place.


The fifth NINE, undivided, shows the influence of the king extending to his family. There need be no anxiety; there will be good fortune.

相愛
'The influence of the king extends to his family:' - the intercourse between them is that of mutual love.


The topmost NINE, undivided, shows its subject possessed of sincerity and arrayed in majesty. In the end there will be good fortune.

反身
'The good fortune connected with the display of majesty' describes (the result of) the recovery of the true character.


本作品在全世界都属于公有领域,因为作者逝世已经超过100,并且于192311日之前出版。
English translation: Legge 1882

Glossary and Other Vocabulary