Art of War 孫子兵法

The early classic on military strategy by Sunzi 孫子 with parallel English translation by Giles


Wikisource, accessed 2020-09-13,孫子兵法.

English translation

The parallel English text provided is from Giles (1910).
  1. Giles, Lionel tr. 1910, Sun Tzu on the Art of War, London: Luzac and Company,
  2. Smith, Kidder 1999, “The Military Texs: The Sunzi,” In W M Theodore de Bary and Irene Bloom eds. Sources of Chinese Tradition: Volume One from Earliest Times to 1600, New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 213-224.


  1. Gentz, Joachim 2015, “Defining Boundaries and Relations of Textual Units: Examples from the Literary Tool-Kit of Early Chinese Argumentation,” In Joachim Gentz and Dirk Meyer Eds, Literary Forms of Argument in Early China, Leiden and Boston: Brill.
  2. Krzysztof, G and Michael Loewe 1993, “Sun tzu ping fa 孫子兵法,” In Michael Loewe, (ed.), Early Chinese Texts: A Bibliographical Guide, Berkeley: Society for the Study of Early China, pp. 446-455.

Collection vocabulary analysis