Art of War 孫子兵法

The early classic on military strategy by Sunzi 孫子 with parallel English translation by Giles


Wikisource, accessed 2020-09-13,孫子兵法.

English translation

The parallel English text provided is from Giles (1910).
  1. Giles, Lionel tr. 1910, Sun Tzu on the Art of War, London: Luzac and Company,


  1. Krzysztof, G and Michael Lowe 1993, “Sun tzu ping fa 孫子兵法,” In Michael Loewe, (ed.), Early Chinese Texts: A Bibliographical Guide, Berkeley: Society for the Study of Early China, pp. 446-455.

Collection vocabulary analysis