Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

  1. adverb already / afterwards
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: May be used as a preverbal particle in Classical Chinese to indicate a completed action (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115). For example, 年已七十矣 'he had reached the age of seventy' (Mengzi: 9.9/50/14, translation by Legge)
  2. noun Kangxi radical 49
    Domain: Radicals 部首
    Notes: Alternate form for 己 (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7)
  3. pronoun oneself
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A third person reflexive pronoun
  4. verb to bring to an end
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense, in Literary Chinese, 已 is a full verb (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115). For example, 人皆謂我毀明堂。毀諸?已乎?'People all tell me to pull down and remove the Hall of Distinction. Shall I pull it down, or stop the movement for that object?' (Mengzi: 2.5/9/22, translation by Legge)
  5. particle final aspectual particle
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: This literary Chinese final particle is sometimes found after noun predicates, indicating a change in knowledge about the state of things. For example, 是亂國已 one can tell that this is a disorderly country (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 19 after Xun 10/89).
  6. conjunction afterwards / thereafter
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  7. adverb too / very / excessively
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: May be used in this sense in preclassical Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115)

Contained in

已经已知早已不得已而已死而后已已过时木已成舟闻已已然语气已今当波罗阇已迦波罗阇已迦已生的善法,令它增长已生的恶法,使它断除已知根万不得已迫不得已已婚

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 37
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷一 魏書一 武帝紀 Volume 1: Book of Wei 1 - Annals of Emperor Wu 36
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷二十 志第十 禮中 Volume 20 Treatises 10: Rites Part Two 35
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷三十一 陳勝項籍傳 Volume 31: Chen Sheng and Xiang Yu 34
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷十三 魏書十三 鍾繇華歆王朗傳 Volume 13: Book of Wei 13 - Biographies of Zhong Yao, Hua Xin, and Wang Lang 34
Stratagems of the Warring States 《戰國策》 卷二十一 趙四 Chapter 21: Zhao IV 30
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《項羽本紀》 Annals of Xiang Yu 30
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷二十八 魏書二十八 王毌丘諸葛鄧鍾傳 Volume 28: Book of Wei 28 - Biographies of Wang, Guanqiu, Zhuge, Deng and Zhong 30
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷十 魏書十一 袁張涼國田王邴管傳 Volume 10: Book of Wei 10 - Biographies of Xun Yu, Xun You, and Jia Xu 27
Stratagems of the Warring States 《戰國策》 卷五 秦三 Chapter 5: Qin III 27