Chinese Notes

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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

  1. adverb already / afterwards
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: May be used as a preverbal particle in Classical Chinese to indicate a completed action (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115). For example, 年已七十矣 'he had reached the age of seventy' (Mengzi: 9.9/50/14, translation by Legge)
  2. noun Kangxi radical 49
    Domain: Radicals 部首
    Notes: Alternate form for 己 (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7)
  3. pronoun oneself
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A third person reflexive pronoun
  4. verb to bring to an end
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense, in Literary Chinese, 已 is a full verb (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115). For example, 人皆謂我毀明堂。毀諸?已乎?'People all tell me to pull down and remove the Hall of Distinction. Shall I pull it down, or stop the movement for that object?' (Mengzi: 2.5/9/22, translation by Legge)
  5. particle final aspectual particle
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: This literary Chinese final particle is sometimes found after noun predicates, indicating a change in knowledge about the state of things. For example, 是亂國已 one can tell that this is a disorderly country (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 19 after Xun 10/89).
  6. conjunction afterwards / thereafter
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  7. adverb too / very / excessively
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: May be used in this sense in preclassical Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115)

Contained in

已经已知早已不得已而已死而后已已过时木已成舟闻已已然语气已今当波罗阇已迦波罗阇已迦已生的善法,令它增长已生的恶法,使它断除已知根万不得已

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《項羽本紀》 Annals of Xiang Yu 30
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《淮陰侯列傳》 Biography of the Marquis of Huaiyin 25
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 25
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《高祖本紀》 Annals of Gao Zu 23
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《扁鵲倉公列傳》 Biographies of Bian Que and the Duke of Cang 22
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《蘇秦列傳》 Biography of Su Qin 21
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《刺客列傳》 Biographies of Assassins 20
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《子罕第九》 Commentary on Zi Han IX 19
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《封禪書》 Religious sacrificial ceremonies 18
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《離婁章句下》 Commentary on Li Lou II 17

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
可謂好學 1. 《學而》 Xue Er in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
2. 《為政》 Wei Zheng in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
5. 《公冶長》Gong Ye Chang in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
可謂 6. 《雍也》 Yong Ye in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 3
君子 《曲禮下》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 2 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 2
《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 7
不可 《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 12
世子 《曾子問》 The Questions of Zeng-zi in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 7
《內篇‧逍遙遊》 Inner Chapters - Enjoyment in Untroubled Ease in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 4
《齊物論》 The Adjustment of Controversies in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 13
《養生主》 Nourishing the Lord of Life in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 3
《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 6
天下 《大宗師》 The Great and Most Honoured Master in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 8
Selections from Stories by Liu Xiang in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 1
三千 Selections from Zhuang Zi in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 1
Sections from Records of the Historian in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 2
不可 Selections from Mencius in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 1
《釋詁》 Explanation of Old Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2
《本紀‧五帝本紀》 Annals - Annals of the Five Emperors in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 1
《夏本紀》 Annals of Xia in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 4
《殷本紀》 Annals of Yin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 2
《周本紀》 Annals of Zhou in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 11
《秦本紀》 Annals of Qin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 9