Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

xiāng xiàng

  1. xiāng adverb each other / one another / mutually
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 互相, for example, in the idiom 自相矛盾 'self-contradictory' (CCI '自相矛盾'; (CCD 1 '相' 1; FE '相' 1; GHDC 1 '相' 1); 相 may be used in this sense in Literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 136). For example, 獸相食,且人惡之。'Beasts devour one another, and men hate them for doing so.' (Mengzi: 1.4/2/21, translation by Legge)
  2. xiāng verb to observe
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Observation 观察
    Notes: In the sense of 观察 (CCD 2 '相'; GHDC 2 '相' 1)
  3. xiàng noun appearance / portrait / picture
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: (GHDC 2 '相' 2)
  4. xiàng noun lakṣaṇa / countenance / personage / quality / character / disposition
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: lakṣaṇa, Pāli: lakkhaṇa, Japanese: sō (BCSD '相'; BL 'lakṣaṇa'; GHDC 2 '相' 9)
  5. xiāng verb to aid
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 辅助 (GHDC 2 '相' 3)
  6. xiāng noun a chancellor / a prime minister / a high minister
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 宰相 (GHDC 2 '相' 5)
  7. xiàng noun nimitta / a sign / a mark / appearance
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: nimitta, Japanese: sō (BCSD '相'; BL 'nimitta')
  8. xiàng noun a perception / cognition / conceptualization / a notion
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: saṃjñā, Pāli: saññā (BCSD '相')
  9. xiāng adjective mutual
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (CCD 1 '相' 2)
  10. xiāng proper noun Xiang
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (CCD 1 '相' 3; GHDC 1 '相' 4)
  11. xiāng noun form substance
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 实质; FGS translation standard: Form (FE '相' 2; Faxiang; GHDC 1 '相' 3)
  12. xiāng verb to express
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (GHDC 1 '相' 2)
  13. xiāng verb to choose
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 选择 (GHDC 2 '相' 6)
  14. xiāng proper noun Xiang
    Domain: History 历史 , Concept: Ancient City 古城
    Notes: (GHDC 2 '相' 8)
  15. xiāng noun an ancient musical instrument
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (GHDC 2 '相' 10)
  16. xiāng noun the seventh lunar month
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 相月 (GHDC 2 '相' 11)

Contained in

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Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷三十七 志第二十七 州郡三 Volume 37 Treatises 27: Administrative Districts 3 101
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷七十  志第二十一:  禮樂四 Volume 70 Treatises 23: Rites and Music 4 91
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷五十二 志第四:  曆一 Volume 52 Treatises 5: Calendar 1 73
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷三十六 志第二十六 州郡二 Volume 36 Treatises 26: Administrative Districts 2 63
Stratagems of the Warring States 《戰國策》 卷二十二 魏一 Chapter 22: Wei I 61
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷七十二下   表第十二下 宰相世系二下 Volume 72c Tables 16: Chancellors Genealogy 2c 57
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《司馬相如列傳》 Biography of Sima Xiangru 57
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《廉頗藺相如列傳》 Biographies of Lian Po and Lin Xiangru 57
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷105之四 天象志一之四 Volume 105d Treatise 1: Celestial Phenomena 4 56
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷二十一 Scroll 21 55