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{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

xiāng xiàng

  1. xiāng adverb each other / one another / mutually
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 互相, for example, in the idiom 自相矛盾 'self-contradictory' (CCI '自相矛盾'; (CCD 1 '相' 1; FE '相' 1; GHDC 1 '相' 1); 相 may be used in this sense in Literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 136). For example, 獸相食,且人惡之。'Beasts devour one another, and men hate them for doing so.' (Mengzi: 1.4/2/21, translation by Legge)
  2. xiāng verb to observe
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Observation 观察
    Notes: In the sense of 观察 (CCD 2 '相'; GHDC 2 '相' 1)
  3. xiàng noun appearance / portrait / picture
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: (GHDC 2 '相' 2)
  4. xiàng noun lakṣaṇa / countenance / personage / quality / character / disposition
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: lakṣaṇa, Pāli: lakkhaṇa, Japanese: sō (BCSD '相'; BL 'lakṣaṇa'; GHDC 2 '相' 9)
  5. xiāng verb to aid
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 辅助 (GHDC 2 '相' 3)
  6. xiāng noun a chancellor / a prime minister / a high minister
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 宰相 (GHDC 2 '相' 5)
  7. xiàng noun nimitta / a sign / a mark / appearance
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: nimitta, Japanese: sō (BCSD '相'; BL 'nimitta')
  8. xiàng noun a perception / cognition / conceptualization / a notion
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: saṃjñā, Pāli: saññā (BCSD '相')
  9. xiāng adjective mutual
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (CCD 1 '相' 2)
  10. xiāng proper noun Xiang
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (CCD 1 '相' 3; GHDC 1 '相' 4)
  11. xiāng noun form substance
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 实质; FGS translation standard: Form (FE '相' 2; Faxiang; GHDC 1 '相' 3)
  12. xiāng verb to express
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (GHDC 1 '相' 2)
  13. xiāng verb to choose
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 选择 (GHDC 2 '相' 6)
  14. xiāng proper noun Xiang
    Domain: History 历史 , Concept: Ancient City 古城
    Notes: (GHDC 2 '相' 8)
  15. xiāng noun an ancient musical instrument
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (GHDC 2 '相' 10)
  16. xiāng noun the seventh lunar month
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 相月 (GHDC 2 '相' 11)

Contained in

相应相关相当相比相同相信相互互相相连不相上下相对代代相传相聚相处息息相关相册凶相照相照相机相反相似出洋相相面相依为命相声自相矛盾萍水相逢首相相差相等相符相继相交相识相通真相相承相机相辅相成宰相相貌相隔无相戒四相扮相相片口耳相传实相法相宗相国寺相传

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《廉頗藺相如列傳》 Biographies of Lian Po and Lin Xiangru 58
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《司馬相如列傳》 Biography of Sima Xiangru 57
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《蕭相國世家》 House of Chancellor Xiao 36
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《張儀列傳》 Biography of Zhang Yi 36
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《范睢蔡澤列傳》 Biographies of Fan Sui and Cai Ze 35
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《六國年表》 Yearly Chronicle of the Six States 32
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《趙世家》 House of Zhao 32
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《張丞相列傳》 Biography of Chancellor Zhang 31
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 28
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《曹相國世家》 House of Chancellor Cao 27

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
11. 《先進》 Xian Jin in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
14. 《憲問》 Xian Wen in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
15. 《衛靈公》 Wei Ling Gong in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
16. 《季氏》 Ji Shi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
知名 《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 4
名家 《曲禮下》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 2 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 2
《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 3
夫子 《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
《王制》 Royal Regulations in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 2
生物 《內篇‧逍遙遊》 Inner Chapters - Enjoyment in Untroubled Ease in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
日夜 《齊物論》 The Adjustment of Controversies in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 17
《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 3
仲尼 《德充符》 The Seal of Virtue Complete in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
《大宗師》 The Great and Most Honoured Master in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 18
惠子 Selections from Zhuang Zi in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 2
楚昭王 Sections from Records of the Historian in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 8
《釋詁》 Explanation of Old Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 4
《釋言》 Explanation of Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《釋訓》 Explanation of Instructions in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《釋親》 Explanation of Family Relations in Er Ya 《爾雅》 5
七月 《釋天》 Explanation of Heaven in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
諸侯 《本紀‧五帝本紀》 Annals - Annals of the Five Emperors in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 4
調有餘 《夏本紀》 Annals of Xia in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 6
《殷本紀》 Annals of Yin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 8