Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

yǒu

  1. yǒu verb is / are / to exist
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: For example, 有人敲门 'There was someone knocking at the door.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 174) 有 is always negated by 没, never by 不. For example, 他们没有见过太阳 'they had not seen the sun.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 221) 有 is the tenth most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '有' 2; NCCED '有' 1).
  2. yǒu verb to have / to possess
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense 有 often takes the pattern [subject] 有 [object], where the subject might be left out (Ho, 2002, '有' 1; NCCED '有' 2) For example, 自己有钱 'he had money.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 218).
  3. yǒu noun becoming / bhāva
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: bhāva, Pāli: bhāva (BL 'bhāva'; FGDB '有'); FGS translation standard: Becoming
  4. yǒu verb indicates an estimate
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '有' 3; NCCED '有' 3) For example, 有近60万 'nearly 600,000.' (VOA, 2015-07-25)
  5. yǒu verb indicates a large quantity of long time
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '有' 4; NCCED '有' 4)
  6. yǒu verb indicates an affirmative response
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (NCCED '有' 6)
  7. yǒu verb used before a person, time, or place
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the pattern 有的...有的 (Ho, 2002, '有' 5; NCCED '有' 8).
  8. yǒu verb used to compare two things
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '有' 6)

Contained in

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Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 499
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 325
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 148
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 哀公 Lord Ai 142
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《天官書》 Astronomy 133
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 成公 Lord Cheng 114
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《龜策列傳》 Biographies of Diviners 105
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《封禪書》 Religious sacrificial ceremonies 94
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《盡心章句上》 Commentary on Jin Xin I 94
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 宣公 Lord Xuan 93