Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

yǒu

  1. yǒu verb is / are / to exist
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: For example, 有人敲门 'There was someone knocking at the door.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 174) 有 is always negated by 没, never by 不. For example, 他们没有见过太阳 'they had not seen the sun.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 221) 有 is the tenth most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '有' 2; NCCED '有' 1).
  2. yǒu verb to have / to possess
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense 有 often takes the pattern [subject] 有 [object], where the subject might be left out (Ho, 2002, '有' 1; NCCED '有' 2) For example, 自己有钱 'he had money.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 218).
  3. yǒu noun becoming / bhāva
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: bhāva, Pāli: bhāva (BL 'bhāva'; FGDB '有'); FGS translation standard: Becoming
  4. yǒu verb indicates an estimate
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '有' 3; NCCED '有' 3) For example, 有近60万 'nearly 600,000.' (VOA, 2015-07-25)
  5. yǒu verb indicates a large quantity of long time
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '有' 4; NCCED '有' 4)
  6. yǒu verb indicates an affirmative response
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (NCCED '有' 6)
  7. yǒu verb used before a person, time, or place
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the pattern 有的...有的 (Ho, 2002, '有' 5; NCCED '有' 8).
  8. yǒu verb used to compare two things
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '有' 6)

Contained in

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Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 499
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷106中 地形志二中 Volume 106b Treatise 2: Terrain 2 350
History of Song 《宋史》 卷五十九 志第十二 天文十二 Volume 59 Treatises 12: Astronomy 12 340
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷30 志第25 地理中 Volume 30 Treatises 25: Geography 2 334
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷三十二    志第二十二  天文二 Volume 32 Treatises 26: Astronomy 2 333
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷四十一    志第三十一  地理五 Volume 41 Treatises 35: Gepgraphy 5 330
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷三十九    志第二十九  地理三 Volume 39 Treatises 33: Gepgraphy 3 330
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 325
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷十二 志第二 天文中 Volume 12 Treatises 2: Astronomy Part Two 325
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷21 志第16 天文下 Volume 21 Treatises 16: Astronomy 3 319