Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

yǒu

  1. yǒu verb is / are / to exist
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: For example, 有人敲门 'There was someone knocking at the door.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 174) 有 is always negated by 没, never by 不. For example, 他们没有见过太阳 'they had not seen the sun.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 221) 有 is the tenth most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '有' 2; NCCED '有' 1).
  2. yǒu verb to have / to possess
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense 有 often takes the pattern [subject] 有 [object], where the subject might be left out (Ho, 2002, '有' 1; NCCED '有' 2) For example, 自己有钱 'he had money.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 218).
  3. yǒu noun becoming / bhāva
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: bhāva, Pāli: bhāva (BL 'bhāva'; FGDB '有'); FGS translation standard: Becoming
  4. yǒu verb indicates an estimate
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '有' 3; NCCED '有' 3) For example, 有近60万 'nearly 600,000.' (VOA, 2015-07-25)
  5. yǒu verb indicates a large quantity of long time
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '有' 4; NCCED '有' 4)
  6. yǒu verb indicates an affirmative response
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (NCCED '有' 6)
  7. yǒu verb used before a person, time, or place
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the pattern 有的...有的 (Ho, 2002, '有' 5; NCCED '有' 8).
  8. yǒu verb used to compare two things
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '有' 6)

Contained in

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Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of Ming 《明史》 卷四十四 志第二十 地理五 Volume 44 Treatises 20: Geography 5 1100
History of Ming 《明史》 卷四十五 志第二十一 地理六 Volume 45 Treatises 21: Geography 6 1085
History of Ming 《明史》 卷四十三 志第十九 地理四 Volume 43 Treatises 19: Geography 4 1075
History of Ming 《明史》 卷四十二 志第十八 地理三 Volume 42 Treatises 18: Geography 3 998
History of Ming 《明史》 卷四十 志第十六 地理一 Volume 40 Treatises 16: Geography 1 989
History of Ming 《明史》 卷四十一 志第十七 地理二 Volume 41 Treatises 17: Geography 2 845
History of Ming 《明史》 卷四十六 志第二十二 地理七 Volume 46 Treatises 22: Geography 7 790
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 499
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷106中 地形志二中 Volume 106b Treatise 2: Terrain 2 350
History of Song 《宋史》 卷五十九 志第十二 天文十二 Volume 59 Treatises 12: Astronomy 12 340