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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

yǒu

  1. yǒu verb is / are / to exist
    Domain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: For example, 有人敲门 'There was someone knocking at the door.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 174) 有 is always negated by 没, never by 不. For example, 他们没有见过太阳 'they had not seen the sun.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 221) 有 is the tenth most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '有' 2; NCCED '有' 1).
  2. yǒu verb to have / to possess
    Domain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense 有 often takes the pattern [subject] 有 [object], where the subject might be left out (Ho, 2002, '有' 1; NCCED '有' 2) For example, 自己有钱 'he had money.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 218).
  3. yǒu noun becoming / bhāva
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: From Sanskrit: bhāva, Pāli: bhāva (BL 'bhāva'; FGDB '有')
  4. yǒu verb indicates an estimate
    Domain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '有' 3; NCCED '有' 3) For example, 有近60万 'nearly 600,000.' (VOA, 2015-07-25)
  5. yǒu verb indicates a large quantity of long time
    Domain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '有' 4; NCCED '有' 4)
  6. yǒu verb indicates an affirmative response
    Domain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (NCCED '有' 6)
  7. yǒu verb used before a person, time, or place
    Domain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the pattern 有的...有的 (Ho, 2002, '有' 5; NCCED '有' 8).
  8. yǒu verb used to compare two things
    Domain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '有' 6)

Contained in

没有科兴生物制品有限公司有力公有所有国有公有制有限公司具有强有力有关有意原有有所有效有趣有用现有国有资产监督管理委员会有线电视有线电视新闻国际公司享有有时带有专有所有者所有权拥有负有有机稀有私有特有含有有点有轨电车卓有成效占有希有有的只有别有洞天富有有害专有名词领有有名有时候有些有意思有的是

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《天官書》 Astronomy 134
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《龜策列傳》 Biographies of Diviners 111
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《封禪書》 Religious sacrificial ceremonies 101
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《盡心章句上》 Commentary on Jin Xin I 100
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《中庸章句》 Commentary on Doctrine of the Mean 95
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《告子章句上》 Commentary on Gaozi I 88
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《公孫丑章句上》 Commentary on Gong Sun Chou I 87
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《離婁章句下》 Commentary on Li Lou II 79
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《蘇秦列傳》 Biography of Su Qin 73
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《梁惠王章句下》 Commentary on Liang Hui Wang II 71

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
遠方 1. 《學而》 Xue Er in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 7
2. 《為政》 Wei Zheng in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 6
夷狄 3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 5
一日 4. 《里仁》 Li Ren in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 5
5. 《公冶長》Gong Ye Chang in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 7
《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 40
《曲禮下》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 2 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 27
《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 60
《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 60
中士 《王制》 Royal Regulations in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 36
《內篇‧逍遙遊》 Inner Chapters - Enjoyment in Untroubled Ease in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 19
《齊物論》 The Adjustment of Controversies in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 70
《養生主》 Nourishing the Lord of Life in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 7
是以 《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 27
《德充符》 The Seal of Virtue Complete in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 9
陰德 Selections from Stories by Liu Xiang in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 9
同名殺人 Selections from Stratagems of the Warring States in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 2
南方 Selections from Zhuang Zi in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 5
殺人 Sections from Records of the Historian in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 10
Selections from Mencius in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 8
《釋詁》 Explanation of Old Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《釋訓》 Explanation of Instructions in Er Ya 《爾雅》 4
《釋宮》 Explanation of the Court in Er Ya 《爾雅》 3
《釋器》 Explanation of Utensils in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2
而後 《釋天》 Explanation of Heaven in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2