苦集灭道 (苦集滅道) kǔ jí miè dào
the fourfold noble truth / four noble truths
Domain: Buddhism 佛教
Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: cattāri ariyasaccāni, Pāli: ariya-sacca, Japanese: shishōtai; namely: (1) all life is suffering 苦諦, (2) the cause of suffering is desire 集諦, (3) emancipation comes only by eliminating passions 滅諦, (4) the way 道諦 to emancipation is the Eight-fold Noble Way 八正道. The four noble truths are also abbreviated in Chinese as 苦集灭道. The four noble truths are explained in the 分別聖諦經 Saccavibhaṅgasutta in the Madhyamāgama 《中阿含經》, which is equivalent to the Majjhima Nikāya 141 in the Pāli Canon (DJBT 'Shishōtai'; Nyanatiloka Thera 1980, 'sacca'; T 26, Scroll 7; FGDB '四諦').