dōu dū

  1. dōu adverb all
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Scope 范围
    Notes: In this sense 都 has the same meaning as 皆. The scope of modification of 都 is backward looking (Sun 2006, loc. 2047). For example, 一切的路都封上了。 'The entire road was closed off.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 175) 都 may also be used to sum up the previous elements. It has a similar meaning in both modern and postclassical literary Chinese (Guoyu '都' dōu adv 1; Norman 1988, p. 127; XHZD '都' dōu 1).
  2. noun capital city
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 首都 (Guoyu '都' dū n 2; Unihan '都'; XHZD '都' dū 1)
  3. noun a city / a metropolis
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 大城市 (Guoyu '都' dū n 1; Unihan '都'; XHZD '都' dū 2)
  4. dōu verb all
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 都 may used as a verb in this sense in Literary Chinese (Norman 1988, p. 127).
  5. adjective elegant / refined
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 优雅 (Guoyu '都' dū adj; Unihan '都')
  6. proper noun Du
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '都' dū n 3; XHZD '都' dū 3)
  7. dōu adverb already
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Used to add emphasis, in the sense of 还 or 已经 (Guoyu '都' dōu adv 2; XHZD '都' dōu 2-3)
  8. verb to establish a capital city
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 定都 (Guoyu '都' dū v 1)
  9. verb to reside
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 居 (Guoyu '都' dū v 2)
  10. verb to total / to tally
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 总计 (Guoyu '都' dū v 3)

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