Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

dū dōu

  1. dōu adverb all
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Scope 范围
    Notes: In this sense 都 has the same meaning as 皆. The scope of modification of 都 is backward looking (Sun 2006, loc. 2047). For example, 一切的路都封上了。 'The entire road was closed off.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 175) 都 may also be used to sum up the previous elements. It has a similar meaning in both modern and postclassical literary Chinese (Guoyu '都' dōu adv 1; Norman 1988, p. 127; XHZD '都' dōu 1).
  2. noun capital city
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 首都 (Guoyu '都' dū n 2; Unihan '都'; XHZD '都' dū 1)
  3. noun a city / a metropolis
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 大城市 (Guoyu '都' dū n 1; Unihan '都'; XHZD '都' dū 2)
  4. dōu verb all
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 都 may used as a verb in this sense in Literary Chinese (Norman 1988, p. 127).
  5. adjective elegant / refined
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 优雅 (Guoyu '都' dū adj; Unihan '都')
  6. proper noun Du
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '都' dū n 3; XHZD '都' dū 3)
  7. dōu adverb already
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Used to add emphasis, in the sense of 还 or 已经 (Guoyu '都' dōu adv 2; XHZD '都' dōu 2-3)
  8. verb to establish a capital city
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 定都 (Guoyu '都' dū v 1)
  9. verb to reside
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 居 (Guoyu '都' dū v 2)
  10. verb to total / to tally
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 总计 (Guoyu '都' dū v 3)

Contained in

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Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷八十六 志第三十六:  百官二 Volume 86 Treatises 39: Official Posts 2 147
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百九十六 志第一百四十九 兵十 Volume 196 Treatises 149: Military 10 131
History of Ming 《明史》 卷七十六 志第五十二 職官五 Volume 76 Treatises 52: Official Posts 5 129
History of Ming 《明史》 卷九十 志第六十六 兵二 Volume 90 Treatises 66: Military 2 120
History of Song 《宋史》 卷二百七十九 列傳第三十八 王繼忠 傅潛 張昭允 戴興 王漢忠 王能 張凝 魏能 陳興 許均 張進 李重貴 呼延贊 劉用 耿全斌 周仁美 Volume 279 Biographies 38: Wang Jizhong, Fu Qian, Zhang Zhaoyun, Dai Xing, Wang Hanzhong, Wang Neng, Zhang Ning, Wei Neng, Chen Xing, Xu Jun, Zhang Jin, Li Zhonggui, Hu Yanzan, Liu Yong, Geng Quanbin, Zhou Renmei 120
History of the Southern Dynasties 《南史》 卷六十六 列傳第五十六 杜僧明 周文育 侯瑱 侯安都 歐陽頠 黃法𣰰 淳于量 章昭達 吳明徹 Volume 66 Biographies 56: Du Sengming, Zhou Wenyu, Hou Zhen, Hou Andou, Ouyang Wei, Huang Fa, Chun Yuliang, Zhang Zhaoda, Wu Mingche 94
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百六十六 志第一百十九 職官六 Volume 166 Treatises 119: Offical Posts 6 87
Book of Chen 《陳書》 卷八 列傳第二: 杜僧明 周文育 侯安都 Volume 8: Du Sengming; Zhou Wenyu; Hou Andu 83
History of Song 《宋史》 卷二百五十 列傳第九 石守信 王審琦 高懷德 韓重贇 張令鐸 羅彥瓌 王彥昇 Volume 250 Biographies 9: Shi Shouxin, Wang Shenqi, Goa Huaide, Han Zhongyun, Zhang Lingduo, Luo Yanggui, Wang Yanshen 81
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷八十三 志第三十三:  選舉三 Volume 83 Treatises 36: Selection of Officials 3 80