Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

dū dōu

  1. dōu adverb all
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Scope 范围
    Notes: In this sense 都 has the same meaning as 皆. The scope of modification of 都 is backward looking (Sun 2006, loc. 2047). For example, 一切的路都封上了。 'The entire road was closed off.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 175) 都 may also be used to sum up the previous elements. It has a similar meaning in both modern and postclassical literary Chinese (Guoyu '都' dōu adv 1; Norman 1988, p. 127; XHZD '都' dōu 1).
  2. noun capital city
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 首都 (Guoyu '都' dū n 2; Unihan '都'; XHZD '都' dū 1)
  3. noun a city / a metropolis
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 大城市 (Guoyu '都' dū n 1; Unihan '都'; XHZD '都' dū 2)
  4. dōu verb all
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 都 may used as a verb in this sense in Literary Chinese (Norman 1988, p. 127).
  5. adjective elegant / refined
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 优雅 (Guoyu '都' dū adj; Unihan '都')
  6. proper noun Du
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '都' dū n 3; XHZD '都' dū 3)
  7. dōu adverb already
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Used to add emphasis, in the sense of 还 or 已经 (Guoyu '都' dōu adv 2; XHZD '都' dōu 2-3)
  8. verb to establish a capital city
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 定都 (Guoyu '都' dū v 1)
  9. verb to reside
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 居 (Guoyu '都' dū v 2)
  10. verb to total / to tally
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 总计 (Guoyu '都' dū v 3)

Contained in

洪都拉斯都会首都大都连_都_都柏林都柏林核心集都市全都都江堰成都首都国际机场首都师范大学禅源诸诠集都序故都奥古斯都拔都上都定都丰都基斯坦兴都库什都城都护府都兰安西大都护府都率天加德满都国都旧都乌尔都语都哩大紧母都哩巴帝母开都河东都京都都寺都管都监中都江都都水监都尉宜都大都会八都马都督岸都元国三都赋孟山都首都华盛顿都部陀罗尼目

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷四十三下   志第三十三下 地理七下 Volume 43b Treatises 38: Gepgraphy 7b 199
History of Ming 《明史》 卷七十六 志第五十二 職官五 Volume 76 Treatises 52: Official Posts 5 192
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷八十六 志第三十六:  百官二 Volume 86 Treatises 39: Official Posts 2 150
History of Ming 《明史》 卷九十 志第六十六 兵二 Volume 90 Treatises 66: Military 2 143
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百九十六 志第一百四十九 兵十 Volume 196 Treatises 149: Military 10 131
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷四十 志第二十: 地理三 Volume 40 Treatises 20: Geography 3 127
History of Song 《宋史》 卷二百七十九 列傳第三十八 王繼忠 傅潛 張昭允 戴興 王漢忠 王能 張凝 魏能 陳興 許均 張進 李重貴 呼延贊 劉用 耿全斌 周仁美 Volume 279 Biographies 38: Wang Jizhong, Fu Qian, Zhang Zhaoyun, Dai Xing, Wang Hanzhong, Wang Neng, Zhang Ning, Wei Neng, Chen Xing, Xu Jun, Zhang Jin, Li Zhonggui, Hu Yanzan, Liu Yong, Geng Quanbin, Zhou Renmei 120
History of the Southern Dynasties 《南史》 卷六十六 列傳第五十六 杜僧明 周文育 侯瑱 侯安都 歐陽頠 黃法𣰰 淳于量 章昭達 吳明徹 Volume 66 Biographies 56: Du Sengming, Zhou Wenyu, Hou Zhen, Hou Andou, Ouyang Wei, Huang Fa, Chun Yuliang, Zhang Zhaoda, Wu Mingche 116
History of Ming 《明史》 卷一百七十四 列傳第六十二 史昭 巫凱 許貴 周賢 歐信 王璽 魯鑑 劉寧 彭清 姜漢 安國 杭雄 Volume 174 Biographies 62: Shi Zhao, Wu Kai, Xu Gui, Zhou Xian, Ōu Xin, Wang Xi, Lu Jian, Liu Ning, Peng Qing, Jiang Han, An Guo, Hang Xiong 116
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷四十一 志第二十一: 地理四 Volume 41 Treatises 21: Geography 4 115