Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

坏 (壞) huài

  1. huài adjective bad / spoiled / broken / defective
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 不好 (Guoyu '壞' adj 2; Unihan '坏'; Guoyu '壞' 4)
  2. huài verb to go bad / to break
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: In the sense of 腐烂; in this sense, the subject goes bad or becomes broken itself. For example, fruit going bad (Guoyu '壞' v 2; Kroll '壞' 1).
  3. huài verb to defeat
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 坏 is synonymous with 败 in this sense. Etymology (Shuo Wen): 壞:敗也。 (Kroll '壞' 2)
  4. huài adjective sinister / evil
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 坏 is synonymous with 阴险 or 恶劣 in this sense (Guoyu '壞' adj 1; Han Dian '坏' 1)
  5. huài noun to decline / to wane
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '壞' 3)
  6. huài verb to wreck / to break / to destroy
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 破坏 or 毁坏. Etymology (Shuo Wen): 壓:壞也。 (Guoyu '壞' v 1; Han Dian '坏' 2; Kroll '壞' 1a)
  7. huài adverb extremely / very
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 极 (Guoyu '壞' adv)

Contained in

破坏坏蛋坏处损坏败坏好坏毁坏破坏性坏人坏身见佛说金刚三昧本性清净不坏不灭经金刚三昧本性清净不坏不灭经佛说坏相金刚陀罗尼经坏相金刚陀罗尼经金刚般若波罗蜜经破取着不坏假名论阿育王息坏目因缘经四不坏信四不坏净变坏坏劫坏苦成住坏空崩坏坏事坏话朽坏严重破坏弄坏腐坏吃坏带坏坏透学坏坏死压坏坏运坏种坏脾气吓坏坏东西累坏坏掉宠坏颓坏坏水大坏蛋坏色使坏教坏礼乐崩坏礼崩乐坏

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of Song 《宋史》 卷六十一 志第十四 五行一上 Volume 61 Treatises 14: Five Elements 1a 160
History of Ming 《明史》 卷二十八 志第四 五行一 Volume 28 Treatises 4: Five Elements 1 52
History of Ming 《明史》 卷二十九 志第五 五行二 Volume 29 Treatises 5: Five Elements 2 45
History of Song 《宋史》 卷六十七 志第二十 五行五 Volume 67 Treatises 20: Five Elements 5 43
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷三十七 志第十七: 五行 Volume 37 Treatises 17: Five Elements 38
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷三十六    志第二十六  五行三 Volume 36 Treatises 30: Five Elements 3 38
History of Ming 《明史》 卷三十 志第六 五行三 Volume 30 Treatises 6: Five Elements 3 37
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷五十  志第三上: 五行一 Volume 50 Treatises 3: Five Elements 1 28
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷三十五    志第二十五  五行二 Volume 35 Treatises 29: Five Elements 2 17
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷六十四 志第十六:  河渠一 Volume 64 Treatises 17: Rivers and Canals 1 16

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
城坏 城壞 無俾城壞 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧生民之什‧板 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Sheng Min - Ban 12
屋坏 屋壞 大室屋壞 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 文公 Lord Wen 8
堕坏 墮壞 哀其法度墮壞 Xunzi 《荀子》 宥坐篇第二十八 Chapter 28: The Right Hand Vessel 5
坏隤 壞隤 公出于壞隤 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 成公 Lord Cheng 5
坏城 壞城 城上輒塞壞城 Mozi 《墨子》 卷十四 備蛾傅 Book 14 - Defence against Ant-Rush 4
大坏 大壞 召穆公傷周室大壞也 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧蕩之什‧蕩 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Dang - Dang 4
墙坏 牆壞 隙大則牆壞 Huainanzi 《淮南子》 卷十七 說林訓 Chapter 17: A Forest of Persuasion 4
敢坏 敢壞 平公腓痛足痹而不敢壞坐 Han Feizi 《韓非子》 外儲說左上第三十二 Chapter 32: A Collection of Sayings III 4
坏坐 壞坐 平公腓痛足痹而不敢壞坐 Han Feizi 《韓非子》 外儲說左上第三十二 Chapter 32: A Collection of Sayings III 3
坏庙 壞廟 作主壞廟 Gongyang's Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋公羊傳》 文公 Lord Wen 3