Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

于 (於) yú wū

  1. preposition in / at
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Traditional: 於. For example, 天生德於予 'Heaven produced the virtue that is in me.' (Lunyu 7:22) In is sense, 于 is most often placed between a verb and an object or acts like the verb 在. In its basic form it represents physical location but the meaning can also be more abstract, like the English preposition 'in'. (Guoyu '於' p 1; Rouzer 2007, p. 9)
  2. particle in / at
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Traditional: 於; acts as a locative particle (Guoyu '於' particle)
  3. preposition in / at / to / from
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Traditional: 於. In the sense of 向 (Guoyu '於' p 3)
  4. verb to go / to
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Traditional: 于 (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 53).
  5. verb to rely on / to depend on
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Relationship 联系
    Notes: Traditional: 於; synonymous with 依靠 (Guoyu '於' v).
  6. preposition to go to / to arrive at
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Traditional: 於. In the sense of 到 or 至 (Guoyu '於' p 5)
  7. preposition from
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Traditional: 於. In the sense of 从 or 由 (Guoyu '於' p 6)
  8. preposition give
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Traditional: 於; in the sense of 给 (Guoyu '於' p 2)
  9. preposition oppposing
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Traditional: 於. In the sense of 对 (Guoyu '於' p 4)
  10. preposition and
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Traditional: 於; in the sense of 和 or 与 (Guoyu '於' p 10)
  11. preposition compared to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Traditional: 於; used for comparison, in the sense of 比 (Guoyu '於' p 9)
  12. preposition by
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Traditional: 於; a passive construction, synonymous with 被 (Guoyu '於' p 7)
  13. conjunction and / as well as
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Traditional: 於; synonymous with 而 (Guoyu '於' conj)
  14. preposition for
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Traditional: 於; in the sense of 为 (Guoyu '於' p 8)
  15. proper noun Yu
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: Traditional: 於 (Guoyu '於' n)
  16. noun a crow
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Traditional: 於; the original form of 烏鴉 (Guoyu '於' wū n)
  17. interjection whew / wow
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Traditional: 於 (Guoyu '於' wū interjection)

Contained in

位于在于高于关于对于利于属于由于定于用于小于大于限于终于处于至于基于于是便于多于等于善于敢于于厚斋甚至于不至于过于急于鉴于以至于勇于忠于于旣切淳于髠淳于髡易于源于富于安于甘于无济于事归于急于求成介于于阗于阗国于志宁置于出于乐于单于

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 412
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 318
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷六十七 列傳第二十七 謝靈運 Volume 67 Biographies 27: Xie Lingyun 276
Daode Jing 《道德經》 Daode Jing 《道德經》 183
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷三 Scroll 3 181
Canon of Supreme Mystery 《太玄經》 Full Text 179
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷95 匈奴劉聰 羯胡石勒 鐵弗劉虎 徒何慕容廆 臨渭氐苻健 羌姚萇 略陽氐吕光 Volume 95: Liu Cong of the Xiongnu, Shi Le of the Jie People, Liu Hu of the Tiefu, Murong Hui of the Tuhe, Fu Jian of the Linwei Di, Yao Chong of the Qiang, Lu Guang of the Lüeyang Di 179
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷十 Scroll 10 175
Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 卷五十九 張衡列傳 Volume 59: Biography of Zhang Heng 169
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷三十九 Scroll 39 168