Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes


  1. cháng adverb always / ever / often / frequently / constantly
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: 常 is synonymous with 经常 or 常常 in this sense and is placed before the verb that it modifies (CCD '常' 3; FE '常' 3; Sun 2006, loc. 2053; Unihan '常').
  2. cháng proper noun Chang
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Name 名字
    Notes: (CCD '常' 5; FE '常' 6)
  3. cháng adjective constant / persistent / long-lasting / eternal / nitya
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: 常 is synonymous with 恒久 in this sense (BL 'nitya'; CCD '常' 2; FE '常' 2; FGDB '常').
  4. cháng adjective common / general / ordinary
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 常 is synonymous with 一般, 普通, or 正常 in this sense (CCD '常' 1; FE '常' 1; Unihan '常').
  5. cháng noun a principle / a rule
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (CCD '常' 5; FE '常' 5)

Contained in


Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Daode Jing 《道德經》 With commentary by 王弼 Wang Bi 65
Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 卷七十八 宦者列傳 Volume 78: Biographies of Eunuchs 46
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷五十一 列傳第十一 宗室 Volume 51 Biographies 11: Zong shi 43
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷十 魏書十一 袁張涼國田王邴管傳 Volume 10: Book of Wei 10 - Biographies of Xun Yu, Xun You, and Jia Xu 42
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷十一 魏書十一 袁張涼國田王邴管傳 Volume 11: Book of Wei 11 - Biographies of Yuan, Zhang, Liang, Guo, Tian, Wang, Bing, and Guan 42
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷七十二 列傳第三十二 文九王 Volume 72 Biographies 32: Wen Jiuwang 42
Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 卷十五 李王鄧來列傳 Volume 15: Biographies of Li, Wang, Deng, Lai 39
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷二十四 志第十四 職官 Volume 24 Treatises 14: Government Service 36
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷三十七 列傳第七 宗室 Volume 37 Biographies 7: Imperial Clan 33
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷十三 魏書十三 鍾繇華歆王朗傳 Volume 13: Book of Wei 13 - Biographies of Zhong Yao, Hua Xin, and Wang Lang 32