Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

pǐ fǒu

  1. fǒu verb to negate / to deny
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: 否 is a function word in both modern and literary Chinese. In Literary Chinese it is often used when the verb it negates is omitted, especially in reply to a question. For example, ...則王許之乎?」曰:「否。」 '... would your Majesty allow what he said?' 'No,' was the answer,'' (Meng 1A/7, trans James Legge) It is also used in positive / negative alternative questions (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 103). For example, 如此,則動心否乎?'In such a position would your mind be perturbed or not?' (Meng 1A/7, trans James Legge)
  2. fǒu adverb not
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
  3. adjective clogged / evil
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文

Contained in

否则是否否认否决否定能否可否会否

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Canon of Supreme Mystery 《太玄經》 Full Text 36
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 11
Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 第一 律曆上 律準 候氣 Volume 91: Rhythm and the Calendar Part One 10
Book of Changes 《易經》 否 Pi 9
Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 卷六十七 黨錮列傳 Volume 67: Biographies of Partisan Prohibitions 8
Mencius 《孟子》 萬章上 Wan Zhang I 8
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《萬章章句上》 Commentary on Wan Zhang I 8
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷二十 志第十 禮中 Volume 20 Treatises 10: Rites Part Two 7
Guoyu 《國語》 周語下 Discourses of Zhou III 6
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷二十九 魏書二十九 方技傳 Volume 29: Book of Wei 29 - Biographies of fangshis and artisans 6

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
臧否 臧否 未知臧否 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧蕩之什‧抑 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Dang - Yi 32
否贞 否貞 冥化否貞 Canon of Supreme Mystery 《太玄經》 Full Text 8
善否 善否 以議執政之善否 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 8
分否 分否 分否 Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 第一 律曆上 律準 候氣 Volume 91: Rhythm and the Calendar Part One 5
否臧 否臧 否臧凶 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 宣公 Lord Xuan 5
否泰 否泰 故易有否泰 Book of Han 《漢書》 卷三十六 楚元王傳 Volume 36: Prince Yuan of Chu --- Liu Xiang and Liu Xin 4
休否 休否 休否 Book of Changes 《易經》 否 Pi 4
济否 濟否 霸之濟否 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 4
否否 否否 否否 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《太史公自序》 Autobiographical Afterword of the Grand Historian 4
否塞 否塞 則二氣否塞 Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 卷六十一 左周黃列傳 Volume 61: Biographies of Zuo, Zhou, Huang 4