Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

  1. conjunction so as to / in order to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 因此 (Guoyu '以' conj 3; Unihan '以')
  2. preposition to use / to regard as
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: May be used as a coverb in this sense, in a serial verb construction. A second form is 以 A 为 B, 'regard A as B.' (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 49)
  3. verb to use / to grasp
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese, 以 can be used as a main verb, 以 is a transitive verb with two objects. In this use, it has the form '以 A B', which means 'use A to do B'. It can also take the form 'B 以 A', which means the same thing. The object A is the instrument by which the action B is performed. For example, 杀人以梃 'to kill a person using a club.' (Guoyu '以' v 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 47, quote from Meng 1A/4)
  4. preposition according to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 按 (Guoyu '以' prep 2)
  5. preposition because of
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 因为; may also be thought of as a coverb when used in this sense in Literary Chinese (Guoyu '以' prep 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 162)
  6. preposition on a certain date
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  7. conjunction and / as well as
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Guoyu '以' conj 4)
  8. verb to rely on
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 仰赖 (Guoyu '以' v 2)
  9. verb to regard
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 认为 (Guoyu '以' v 3)
  10. verb to be able to
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 能够 (Guoyu '以' v 4)
  11. verb to order / to command
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 令 (Guoyu '以' v 5)
  12. conjunction further / moreover
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 而 or 且 (Guoyu '以' conj 1)
  13. auxiliary verb used after a verb
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this usage 以 is placed after a verb without meaning (Guoyu '以' aux)
  14. adverb very
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this usage 以 is an adverb with the same meaning 太 or 甚 (Guoyu '以' aux)
  15. adverb already
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 已经 (Guoyu '以' aux)
  16. adverb increasingly
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 愈益 (Guoyu '以' aux)
  17. noun a reason / a cause
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: In the sense of 缘故 (Guoyu '以' n 1)
  18. proper noun Israel
    Domain: Geography 地理学 , Subdomain: Asia 亚洲 , Concept: Country 国家
    Notes: An abbreviation for 以色列 (Guoyu '以' n 2)
  19. proper noun Yi
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '以' n 3)

Contained in

以上可以以后以色列以来难以以内以外予以以下以及足以所以何以以为全力以赴以此加以以前以东以南以西以北以便除了_以外给以以太网以至以致得以以免以身作则以往以至于自以为是用以辅以老吾老以及人之老幼吾幼以及人之幼藉以借以以少胜多以降挟天子以令诸侯无以复加引以为傲以是是以以要言之持之以恒年以来

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 692
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 523
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《高祖功臣侯者年表》 Yearly Table of the Officials who became Marquises in the Time of Gaozu 269
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 253
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 成公 Lord Cheng 229
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 哀公 Lord Ai 227
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 定公 Lord Ding 168
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 文公 Lord Xi 156
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《中庸章句》 Commentary on Doctrine of the Mean 156
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《建元以來侯者年表》 Yearly Table of the Officials who became Marquises since the Jianyuan Period 145