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{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

  1. conjunction so as to
    Domain: Function Words 虚词
  2. preposition to use / to regard as
    Domain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: May be used as a coverb in this sense, in a serial verb construction. A second form is 以 A 为 B, 'regard A as B.' (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 49)
  3. verb to use / to grasp
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese, 以 can be used as a main verb, 以 is a transitive verb with two objects. In this use, it has the form '以 A B', which means 'use A to do B'. It can also take the form 'B 以 A', which means the same thing. The object A is the instrument by which the action B is performed. For example, 杀人以梃 'to kill a person using a club.' (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 47, quote from Meng 1A/4)
  4. preposition according to
    Domain: Function Words 虚词
  5. preposition because of
    Domain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: May also be thought of as a coverb when used in this sense in Literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 162)
  6. preposition on a certain date
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  7. conjunction and / as well as
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文

Contained in

以上可以以后以色列以来难以以内以外予以以下以及足以所以何以以为全力以赴以此加以以前以东以南以西以北以便除了_以外给以以太网以至以致得以以免以身作则以往以至于自以为是用以辅以老吾老以及人之老幼吾幼以及人之幼藉以借以以少胜多以降挟天子以令诸侯无以复加引以为傲以是是以以要言之持之以恒年以来

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《高祖功臣侯者年表》 Yearly Table of the Officials who became Marquises in the Time of Gaozu 269
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《中庸章句》 Commentary on Doctrine of the Mean 156
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《建元以來侯者年表》 Yearly Table of the Officials who became Marquises since the Jianyuan Period 145
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 134
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《封禪書》 Religious sacrificial ceremonies 125
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《樂書》 Music 121
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《楚世家》 House of Chu 117
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《晉世家》 House of Jin 115
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《梁惠王章句上》 Commentary on Liang Hui Wang I 108
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《蘇秦列傳》 Biography of Su Qin 108

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
使 1. 《學而》 Xue Er in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 4
2. 《為政》 Wei Zheng in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 11
3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 8
仁者不可 4. 《里仁》 Li Ren in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 11
5. 《公冶長》Gong Ye Chang in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 6
是以君子恭敬退 《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 39
《曲禮下》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 2 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 12
不可 《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 29
《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 51
《王制》 Royal Regulations in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 78
六月 《內篇‧逍遙遊》 Inner Chapters - Enjoyment in Untroubled Ease in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 17
《齊物論》 The Adjustment of Controversies in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 30
《養生主》 Nourishing the Lord of Life in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 4
《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 48
《德充符》 The Seal of Virtue Complete in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 27
Selections from Stories by Liu Xiang in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 3
曾參 Selections from Stratagems of the Warring States in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 1
Selections from Zhuang Zi in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 4
立政 Sections from Records of the Historian in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 13
Selections from Han Feizi in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 5
《釋器》 Explanation of Utensils in Er Ya 《爾雅》 3
萬物 《釋天》 Explanation of Heaven in Er Ya 《爾雅》 3
涉水 《釋水》 Explanation of Water in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《釋鳥》 Explanation of Birds in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《本紀‧五帝本紀》 Annals - Annals of the Five Emperors in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 54