Stratagems of the Warring States 戰國策

An early collection of dialogs describing important events of the Warring States, compiled by 刘向 Liu Xiang Liu Xiang


Wikisource, accessed 2018-05-06,戰國策.

English translation

  1. Crump, James I Jr. 1970, Chan-kuo ts'e, Oxford: Clarendon Press.


  1. Durrant, Stephen 2017, 'Chapter 13: Histories (Shi 史),' in Denecke, Wiebke, Wai-Yee Li, and Xiaofei Tian (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Classical Chinese Literature (1000 BCE-900CE), e-book, New York: Oxford University Press, p. 189.
  2. Fuller, M A 2004. An introduction to literary Chinese, Rev. ed, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard East Asian monographs. Harvard University Asia Center, Distributed by Harvard University Press, pp. 89-93.
  3. Tsien, Tsuen-Hsuin 1993, “Chan kuo ts'e 戰國策,” In Michael Loewe, (ed.) Early Chinese Texts: A Bibliographical Guide, Berkeley: Society for the Study of Early China, pp. 1-11.

Collection vocabulary analysis