1. proper noun Germany
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Concept: Country 国家
    Notes: Abbreviation for 德国 (CC-CEDICT '德'; FE '德' 5; Guoyu '德' n 5)
  2. noun virtue; morality; ethics; character
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 德 is synonymous with 道德 in this sense (CC-CEDICT '德'; CCD '德' 1; FE '德' 1; Guoyu '德' n 1; Kroll 2015 '德' 2, p. 80) For example, 為政以德,譬如北辰 “He who exercises government by means of his virtue may be compared to the north polar star” (Lunyu 2:1; 論語‧為政)
  3. noun kindness; favor
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 恩惠 (CC-CEDICT '德'; CCD '德' 3; FE '德' 2; Guoyu '德' n 3; Kroll 2015 '德' 3, p. 80)
  4. noun conduct; behavior
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 品行 (FE '德' 3; Guoyu '德' n 2)
  5. verb to be grateful
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (FE '德' 4)
  6. noun heart; intention
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 德 is synonymous with 心意 in this sense (CCD '德' 2; Guoyu '德' n 4)
  7. proper noun De
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Names , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (CCD '德' 4; Guoyu '德' n 6)
  8. noun potency; natural power
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll 2015 '德' 1, p. 80)
  9. adjective wholesome; good
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 善的 (Guoyu '德' adj)

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