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经 (經) jīng

  1. jīng verb to go through / to experience
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇 , Subdomain: Actions 行为
    Notes: 经 jīng is synonymous in this sense with 经过 jīngguò. For example, 经研究发现 'after research, discovered ...' (Gu Sou Henan, 2015-10-15) This example can be generalized to the pattern 经 (process) (state S) 'go through process P to arrive at state S.' In the example, the process is 研究 'research' and the state was that something was 发现 'discovered.' The subject is implied. The valency is three. 经 jīng also chains verbs together. Notice in the example that both arguments, 研究 'research' and 发现 'discover' are verbs. 经 jīng is the 97th most frequent word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '经'). 经 jīng is also used in this sense in classical Chinese (GHDC 2007 '经' 9). For example, 熊經鳥申 'passing their time like the (dormant) bear, and stretching and twisting (the neck) like a bird' (Zhuangzi, Ingrained Ideas 《莊子‧刻意》; Legge 1891)
  2. jīng noun a sutra / a sūtra
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: sūtra; The word 'sutra' is an English borrow word from Sanskrit. OED: 'In Sanskrit literature, a short mnemonic rule in grammar, law, or philosophy, requiring expansion by means of a commentary.' (OED Online, “Sutra, n.,” 2015) Monier Williams: “a short sentence or aphoristic rule , and any work or manual consisting of strings of such rules hanging together like threads (these sūtra works form manuals of teaching in ritual , philosophy , grammar … ) … with Buddhists , pāśupatas &c the term sūtra is applied to original text books as opp. to explanatory works” (Monier Williams, “sUtra”, 2008) Prototypical examples of Buddhist sūtras are the Diamond Sutra 金刚经 and the Lotus Sūtra 莲华经.
  3. jīng verb warp
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A set of lengthwise threads held in tension on a loom, as opposed to 纬 'warp' (GHDC 2007 '经' 1). For example, in the Book of Changes 《周易》: 雲,雷,屯;君子以經綸。“(The trigram representing) clouds and (that representing) thunder form Zhun. The superior man, in accordance with this, (adjusts his measures of government) as in sorting the threads of the warp and woof.” (Legge, 1899, Xiang Zhuan - Zhun)
  4. jīng noun longitude
    Domain: Geography 地理
    Notes: 经 jīng is synonymous with 经度 jīngdù in this sense, as opposed to 纬度 wěidù 'latitude.' North-south lines on the map or on the earth (GHDC 2007 '经' 2).
  5. jīng adverb often / regularly / frequently
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 经 is has the same meaning as jīngcháng, 正常 zhèngcháng, 寻常 xúncháng (GHDC 2007 '经' 4). For example, 若晝夜之有經 'So it is with the regular phenomena of day and night' (Zhuangzi, The Way of Heaven 《莊子‧天道》; Legge 1891)
  6. jīng verb to administer / to engage in business / to run / to operate / to manage
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 经营 jīngyíng or 治理 zhìlǐ (GHDC 2007 '经' 7).
  7. jīng noun a woman's image
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  8. jīng verb to bear / to endure
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 承受 or 忍受.
  9. jīng verb to hang / to die by hanging
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 上吊 or 缢死 (GHDC 2007 '经' 10). For example, 二女皆經自殺 'The two ladies took their own lives by hanging themselves.' (Records of the Grand Historian, Annals of Zhou 《史記‧周本紀》)
  10. jīng noun an agent / a middleman / a broker
    Domain: Commerce 商务
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 经纪人.
  11. jīng verb to be frugal / to save
    Domain: Economics 经济
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 节约.
  12. jīng noun a classic / a scripture / canon
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 经书, 经典, 道经,or 佛经. (GHDC 2007 '经' 5) Prototypical examples are 诗经 The Book of Songs and 孝經 Xiaojing (Classic of Filial Piety). Giles: ‘The “Canon” of Confucianism. The sūtras of Buddhism and Taoism.’ (GCED '經') For example, 於是繙十二經以說 'On this he proceeded to give an abstract of the Twelve Classics to bring the other over to his views.' (Zhuangzi, The Way of Heaven 《莊子‧天道》; Legge 1891) Also, 俱誦《墨經》 'all repeated the texts of Mo' (Zhuangzi, Tian Xia 《莊子‧天下》; Legge 1891) Multi-character words related to this sense include 经训, 经术, 经传, and 经典.
  13. jīng noun a standard / a norm
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 经 is has the same meaning as 常道 chángdào or 规范 guīfàn (GHDC 2007 '经' 3). For example, 君人者,以己出經式義度 'when rulers gave forth their regulations according to their own views and enacted righteous measures ...' (Zhuangzi, The Normal Course for Rulers and Kings 《莊子‧應帝王》; Legge 1891)
  14. jīng noun a section of a Confucian work
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (GHDC 2007 '经' 6)
  15. jīng verb to measure
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 经 jīng is synonymous with 测量 cèliáng in this sense (GHDC 2007 '经' 8).
  16. jīng noun human pulse
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 经 jīng is synonymous with 经脉 jīngmài in this sense (GHDC 2007 '经' 11).
  17. jīng noun menstruation / a woman's period
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 经 jīng is synonymous with 月经 yuèjīng in this sense (GHDC 2007 '经' 12).

Contained in

经纬经过已经经济经费宏观经济经济学家微观经济经常经原经理历经药师经佛经经营者佛说八大人觉经经营未经经历心经般若波罗蜜多心经经济学经验中枢神经系统总经理经销经销商金刚经经典金刚般若波罗蜜经经藏曾经神经中阿含经阿含经大般若经正经财经经商经受世界经济论坛诗经释文经典圆觉经维摩诘经道德经华严经书经尚书经易经六祖坛经

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《滕文公章句上》 Commentary on Teng Wen Gong I 9
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《扁鵲倉公列傳》 Biographies of Bian Que and the Duke of Cang 8
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《盡心章句下》 Commentary on Jin Xin II 7
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《樂書》 Music 6
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《中庸章句》 Commentary on Doctrine of the Mean 5
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《天官書》 Astronomy 5
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《梁惠王章句上》 Commentary on Liang Hui Wang I 5
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《子罕第九》 Commentary on Zi Han IX 5
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《儒林列傳》 Biographies of Confucian Scholars 4
Zhuangzi 《莊子》 《雜篇‧庚桑楚》 Miscellaneous Chapters - Geng-sang Chu 4

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
进一步处理 气象卫星 Weather satellites - Fragment a (2015-11-28) in Media articles 1
研究发现 Selections from News Articles 2015 in Media articles 1
14. 《憲問》 Xian Wen in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
《禮器》 Rites in the Formation of Character in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 2
一年 《學記》 Record on the Subject of Education in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
迭相 《樂記》 Record of Music in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 2
《經解》 The Different Teachings of the Different Kings in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
禮義 《問喪》 Questions about Mourning Rites in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
以為 《養生主》 Nourishing the Lord of Life in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 3
《應帝王》 The Normal Course for Rulers and Kings in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
《在宥》 Letting Be, and Exercising Forbearance in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
晝夜 《天道》 The Way of Heaven in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
文武 《天運》 The Revolution of Heaven in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
《釋言》 Explanation of Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2
《釋樂》 Explanation of Music in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
自殺 《周本紀》 Annals of Zhou in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 1
《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 4
《孝武本紀》 Annals of the Xiaowu Emperor in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 2
《六國年表》 Yearly Chronicle of the Six States in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 1
不能 《樂書》 Music in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 6
《卷一‧序》 Scroll 1, Preface in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 2
《鬥部》 Dòu Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
《卷七‧木部》 Scroll 7, Mù Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
《女部》 Nǚ Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
《卷十四‧糸部》 Scroll 14, Mì Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 3
《大學章句》 Commentary on Great Learning in Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 2
《中庸章句序》 Preface to Commentary on Doctrine of the Mean in Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 1