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{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

  1. adverb certainly / must / will / necessarily
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 必 is used as an adverb before verbs and noun predicates in Literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 122). For example, 是故君子有大道,必忠信以得之 'Thus we see that the sovereign [junzi] has a great course to pursue. He must show entire self-devotion and sincerity to attain it.' (Book of Rites, Great Learning 《禮記‧大學》, trans. by Legge 1885)
  2. auxiliary verb must
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 必 is used as an auxiliary verb in this sense in Literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 122).

Contained in

必须必然必要必不可少必将不必必定必修必需何必未必势必务必必得忽必烈必备不必定入定入印经必然性必邪聚必要条件必需品必要性

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《蘇秦列傳》 Biography of Su Qin 43
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《魏世家》 House of Wei 36
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《鄉黨第十》 Commentary on Xiang Dang X 36
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 36
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《張儀列傳》 Biography of Zhang Yi 32
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《楚世家》 House of Chu 31
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《離婁章句上》 Commentary on Li Lou I 29
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《滕文公章句上》 Commentary on Teng Wen Gong I 27
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《祭義》 The Meaning of Sacrifices 27
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《趙世家》 House of Zhao 26

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
1. 《學而》 Xue Er in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
於是 4. 《里仁》 Li Ren in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 4
令尹 5. 《公冶長》Gong Ye Chang in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
汶上 6. 《雍也》 Yong Ye in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 36
答拜 《曲禮下》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 2 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 8
《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 8
《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 10
《王制》 Royal Regulations in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 10
《齊物論》 The Adjustment of Controversies in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
恢恢有餘 《養生主》 Nourishing the Lord of Life in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 14
《德充符》 The Seal of Virtue Complete in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
《大宗師》 The Great and Most Honoured Master in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 4
而後 《釋天》 Explanation of Heaven in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《殷本紀》 Annals of Yin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 1
《周本紀》 Annals of Zhou in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 23
《秦本紀》 Annals of Qin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 5
《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 5
《項羽本紀》 Annals of Xiang Yu in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 16
穿鑿 《卷一‧序》 Scroll 1, Preface in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
《示部》Shì Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
《玉部》 Yù Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
《艸部》 Cǎo Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1