Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

  1. adverb certainly / must / will / necessarily
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 必 is used as an adverb before verbs and noun predicates in Literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 122). For example, 是故君子有大道,必忠信以得之 'Thus we see that the sovereign [junzi] has a great course to pursue. He must show entire self-devotion and sincerity to attain it.' (Book of Rites, Great Learning 《禮記‧大學》, trans. by Legge 1885; Guoyu '必' adv 1; Kroll '必' 1; NCCED '必' 1)
  2. auxiliary verb must
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 必 is used as an auxiliary verb in this sense in Literary Chinese (Guoyu '必' v; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 122)
  3. adverb if / suppose
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 假设 or 如果 (Guoyu '必' adv 2; Kroll '必' 2)
  4. proper noun Bi
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '必' n)

Contained in

必须必然必要必不可少必将不必必定必修必需何必未必势必务必必得忽必烈必备不必定入定入印经必然性必邪聚必要条件必需品必要性生活必需品必然结果不必要

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 121
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 110
Stratagems of the Warring States 《戰國策》 卷二十一 趙四 Chapter 21: Zhao IV 69
Daode Jing 《道德經》 Daode Jing 《道德經》 66
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷十四 魏書十四 程郭董劉蔣劉傳 Volume 14: Book of Wei 14 - Biographies of Cheng, Dong, Guo, Liu, Jiang, and Liu 64
Stratagems of the Warring States 《戰國策》 卷二十 趙三 Chapter 20: Zhao III 63
Stratagems of the Warring States 《戰國策》 卷二十三 魏二 Chapter 23: Wei II 62
Stratagems of the Warring States 《戰國策》 卷二十六 韓一 Chapter 26: Han I 56
History of Song 《宋史》 卷三百九十一 列傳第一百五十 周必大 留正 胡晉臣 Volume 391 Biographies 150: Zhou Bida, Liu Zheng, Hu Jinchen 56
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 56