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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

  1. verb such as / for example / for instance
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '如' 3)
  2. conjunction if
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 如 is used as a subordinate conjunction in Literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 150; Kroll '如' 4; GHC '如' 7; Ci Yuan '如' 6). For example, 王如善之,則何為不行?'Since your Majesty deems them excellent, why do you not practise them?' (Mengzi: 2.5/10/3, translation by Legge)
  3. preposition in accordance with / at
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonymous with 按照 in this sense (Kroll '如' 1; GHC '如' 1; Ci Yuan '如' 1)
  4. verb to be appropriate / should / with regard to
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 应当 (Kroll '如' 5; GHC '如' 5; Ci Yuan '如' 4)
  5. pronoun this
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A demonstrative pronoun (Kroll '如' 3b)
  6. verb it is so / it is thus / can be compared with
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  7. preposition to go to
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 往 ... 到 (Kroll '如' 2; GHC '如' 2; Ci Yuan '如' 7)
  8. verb to meet
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  9. verb to appear / to seem / to be like
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 好像 or 相同(GHC '如' 3; Ci Yuan '如' 1; Ci Yuan '如' 1)
  10. verb to resist
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  11. conjunction and
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A coordinating conjunction, synonymous with 与 or 和 (GHC '如' 9)
  12. conjunction or
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A coordinating conjunction, synonymous with 或 (GHC '如' 10)
  13. conjunction but
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A subordinating conjunction, synonymous with 而 (GHC '如' 8)
  14. conjunction then
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A subordinating conjunction, synonymous with 则
  15. particle naturally
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A particle used after a phrase like 然 (GHC '如' 11)
  16. particle expresses a question or doubt
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A particle used after a phrase like 乎 (Kroll '如' 3a)
  17. pronoun you
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Second person pronoun (Kroll '如' 6)
  18. noun the second lunar month
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '如' 7)

Contained in

正如如今如何如果比如如此不仅如此如下诚如万科不如例如诸如如来譬如突如其来如同犹如始终如一如是假如无论如何恰如其分如意如醉如痴诸如此类了如指掌何如人生如梦一如五智如来毘卢如来阿闪如来弥陀如来宝生如来成就如来真如大日如来东方不动如来一切如来心秘密全身舍利宝箧陀罗尼经大方广如来藏经大方广如来不恩议境界经隔行如隔山还不如如鱼得水如日中天如意宝轮王陀罗尼如须弥山佛如愿自如汗如雨下宛如

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《廉頗藺相如列傳》 Biographies of Lian Po and Lin Xiangru 59
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《司馬相如列傳》 Biography of Sima Xiangru 46
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《封禪書》 Religious sacrificial ceremonies 45
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《十二諸侯年表》 Yearly Chronicle of the Feudal Lords 39
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《鄉黨第十》 Commentary on Xiang Dang X 39
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《曾子問》 The Questions of Zeng-zi 38
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《中庸章句》 Commentary on Doctrine of the Mean 35
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《盡心章句上》 Commentary on Jin Xin I 32
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《孝武本紀》 Annals of the Xiaowu Emperor 29
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《梁惠王章句下》 Commentary on Liang Hui Wang II 28

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
1. 《學而》 Xue Er in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 4
2. 《為政》 Wei Zheng in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 11
4. 《里仁》 Li Ren in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
5. 《公冶長》Gong Ye Chang in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 3
《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 4
《曲禮下》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 2 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 2
《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 17
《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 13
《王制》 Royal Regulations in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 8
使 《齊物論》 The Adjustment of Controversies in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 7
《養生主》 Nourishing the Lord of Life in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 3
《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
食人 《應帝王》 The Normal Course for Rulers and Kings in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
仁義連連 《外篇‧駢拇》 Outer Chapters - Webbed Toes in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 5
日出 Selections from Stories by Liu Xiang in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 3
Selections from Mencius in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 3
《釋詁》 Explanation of Old Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2
《釋訓》 Explanation of Instructions in Er Ya 《爾雅》 4
二月 《釋天》 Explanation of Heaven in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《釋丘》 Explanation of Hills in Er Ya 《爾雅》 5
《釋山》 Explanation of Mountains in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2
《本紀‧五帝本紀》 Annals - Annals of the Five Emperors in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 11
《周本紀》 Annals of Zhou in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 10
《秦本紀》 Annals of Qin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 2