1. verb such as / for example / for instance
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll 2015 '如' 3)
  2. conjunction if
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 如 is used as a subordinate conjunction in Literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 150; Kroll 2015 '如' 4; GHC '如' 7; Ci Yuan '如' 6). For example, 王如善之,則何為不行?'Since your Majesty deems them excellent, why do you not practise them?' (Mengzi: 2.5/10/3, translation by Legge)
  3. preposition in accordance with / at
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synonymous with 按照 in this sense (Kroll 2015 '如' 1; GHC '如' 1; Ci Yuan '如' 1)
  4. verb to be appropriate / should / with regard to
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 应当 (Kroll 2015 '如' 5; GHC '如' 5; Ci Yuan '如' 4)
  5. pronoun this
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: A demonstrative pronoun (Kroll 2015 '如' 3b)
  6. verb it is so / it is thus / can be compared with
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
  7. preposition to go to
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 往 ... 到 (Kroll 2015 '如' 2; GHC '如' 2; Ci Yuan '如' 7)
  8. verb to meet
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
  9. verb to appear / to seem / to be like
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 好像 or 相同(GHC '如' 3; Ci Yuan '如' 1; Ci Yuan '如' 1)
  10. verb to resist
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
  11. conjunction and
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: A coordinating conjunction, synonymous with 与 or 和 (GHC '如' 9)
  12. conjunction or
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: A coordinating conjunction, synonymous with 或 (GHC '如' 10)
  13. conjunction but
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: A subordinating conjunction, synonymous with 而 (GHC '如' 8)
  14. conjunction then
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: A subordinating conjunction, synonymous with 则
  15. particle naturally
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: A particle used after a phrase like 然 (GHC '如' 11)
  16. particle expresses a question or doubt
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: A particle used after a phrase like 乎 (Kroll 2015 '如' 3a)
  17. pronoun you
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Second person pronoun (Kroll 2015 '如' 6)
  18. noun the second lunar month
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll 2015 '如' 7)

Contained in

Also contained in

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Truncated for common words