Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

  1. adverb naturally / of course / certainly
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Characteristic 特点
    Notes: In the sense of 自然 (CCD 1 '自' 1; GHDC '自' 4)
  2. preposition from / since
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 从 (CCD 2 '自'; GHDC '自' 5; Rouzer 2007, p. 6)
  3. pronoun oneself / itself
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense 自 means 自己. In Literary Chinese this relfexive personal pronoun always occurs in front of a verb (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 83). For example, 所謂誠其意者,毋自欺也 What is meant by 'making the thoughts sincere.' is the allowing no self-deception.' (The Classic of Rites, The Great Learning《禮記‧大學》, trans. by Legge 1885; CCD 1 '自' 2; GHDC '自' 1; Rouzer 2007, p. 6)
  4. noun Kangxi radical 132
    Domain: Radicals 部首
    Notes: (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7)
  5. verb to come from / to follow
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  6. noun a nose
    Domain: Health 健康
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 鼻子.
  7. noun the beginning
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 开头 (GHDC '自' 2).
  8. noun origin
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 起源 (GHDC '自' 3).
  9. adverb originally
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 本来.
  10. adverb still / to remain
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 仍旧 or 依然 (GHDC '自' 9).
  11. adverb in person / personally
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 亲自.
  12. adverb in addition /besides
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 别自 or 另外.
  13. conjunction if / even if
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 假如 (GHDC '自' 8).
  14. conjunction but
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 可是.
  15. conjunction because
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 因为 and 由于 (GHDC '自' 6).
  16. verb to employ / to use
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 用 (GHDC '自' 7).
  17. verb to be
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense 自 has the same meaning as 是.

Contained in

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Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of Song 《宋史》 卷二百十三 表第四 宰輔四 Volume 213 Tables 4: Chancellors 4 336
History of Song 《宋史》 卷二百十二 表第三 宰輔三 Volume 212 Tables 3: Chancellors 3 288
History of Song 《宋史》 卷二百十一 表第二 宰輔二 Volume 211 Tables 2: Chancellors 2 279
History of Song 《宋史》 卷二百一十 表第一 宰輔一 Volume 210 Tables 1: Chancellors 1 239
History of Ming 《明史》 卷三百〇九 列傳第一百九十七 流賊 李自成 張獻忠 Volume 309 Biographies 197: Traitors - Li Zicheng, Zhang Xianzhong 207
History of Song 《宋史》 卷二百十四 表第五 宰輔五 Volume 214 Tables 5: Chancellors 5 202
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷一 魏書一 武帝紀 Volume 1: Book of Wei 1 - Annals of Emperor Wu 105
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷三十三 志第十三: 曆二 Volume 33 Treatises 13: Calendar 2 103
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 99
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 91