Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

ruò rě

  1. ruò verb to seem / to be like / as
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Middle Chinese: nyak; 若 was used as a verb in this sense, as well as other senses, in literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 90; Kroll '若' 1; GHC '若' 5).
  2. ruò conjunction for example
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
  3. ruò conjunction if
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 若 is used as a subordinating conjunction in this sense in Literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 90, 150; Kroll '若' 2; GHC '若' 9).
  4. ruò pronoun you
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 若 was also used as a singular second person pronoun in Classical Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 77; Kroll '若' 6; GHC '若' 7).
  5. ruò pronoun this / that
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '若' 4; GHC '若' 8)
  6. ruò conjunction and / or
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '若' 8; GHC '若' 10, 11, 12, 13)
  7. ruò conjunction as for / pertaining to
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '若' 5)
  8. phonetic re
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Used in transliteration of Indian terms, such as 般若波羅蜜 Bōrěbōluómì 'Prajñāpāramitā' (Kroll '若' rě 1).
  9. noun pomegranite
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文 , Concept: Fruit 水果
    Notes: As in 若榴 rěliu (Kroll '若' rě 2)
  10. ruò verb to choose
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 选择 (GHC '若' 1)
  11. ruò verb to agree / to accord with / to conform to
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 若 was used sometimes in this sense in preclassical Chinese. This sense is similar in meaning to 顺从 (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 90; Kroll '若' 2; GHC '若' 2).
  12. ruò adverb thus
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 若 was used sometimes as an adverb in this sense in preclassical Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 90).
  13. ruò noun pollia
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文 , Concept: Herb 香草
    Notes: The name of the herb 杜若 (Kroll '若' 9; GHC '若' 3)
  14. ruò noun Ruo
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文 , Concept: Deity 神
    Notes: The name of the sea god (GHC '若' 4)
  15. ruò adverb only then
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 乃 or 才(GHC '若' 14)

Contained in

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Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 162
Daode Jing 《道德經》 Daode Jing 《道德經》 106
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 97
History of Song 《宋史》 卷二百八十三 列傳第四十二 王欽若 林特 丁謂 夏竦 Volume 283 Biographies 42: Wang Qinruo, Lin Te, Ding Wei, Xia Song 78
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷十八 Scroll 18 71
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷十九 Scroll 19 70
History of Song 《宋史》 卷七十五 志第二十八 律曆八 Volume 75 Treatises 28: Measures and Calendar 8 66
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷十七 Scroll 17 61
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 哀公 Lord Ai 61
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷四十二 Scroll 42 57