Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

zài

  1. zài verb in / at
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: This sense of 在 indicates the location of the subject (NCCED '在' 2). For example, 祥子蹲在烤旁 'Xiangzi squatted besides the stove.'(Lao She, 2003, p. 216) In this example, the verb 蹲 'squat' precedes 在 but in some cases it may follow 在 after the location referred to. For example, 孩子...在院里玩耍... 'the child was in the courtyard playing.'(Lao She, 2003, p. 220) 在 is the seventh most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '在').
  2. zài preposition at
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Position 位
    Notes: In this sense, 在 helps to indicate time, place, direction or scope (Li Shaoqi, 2003, pp. 404-407; NCCED '在' 6) 1. Time: 在 may be placed before a verb, adjective, or the subject to introduce time. For example, 世卫组织表示将在十一月发布建议 'The World Health Organization said that they would publish a recommendation in November.' 2. Place. For example, 火箭在距发射台约九公里处 'when the rocket was at a location approximately 90 kilometers from the launch pad.' (VOA, 2015-12-23) 3. Scope. For example, 总统在演讲中... 'while the president was giving a speech ...' (VOA, 2007-7-5)
  3. zài adverb when / indicates that someone or something is in the process of doing something
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Li Shaoqi, 2003, p. 224; NCCED '在' 5; Ho, 2002, '在' 3) For example, 科学家们一直在探寻... 'Scientists have been continuously searching ...' (VOA, 2015-07-25)
  4. zài verb to exist / to be living
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '在' 5; Ho, 2002, '在' 2)
  5. zài verb to consist of
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '在' 5)
  6. zài verb to be at a post
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '在' 5)

Contained in

现在在于正在存在在此在此之前在线潜在自在在内观自在菩萨内在所在在华实在不在乎好在在座在乎在意在朝实实在在在家人观自在常在自在天魔逍遥自在在世在位旨在大自在陀罗尼神咒经大自在天现在分词在阿兰若处他化自在天觉华定自在王如来定自在王在生十相自在过去现在因果经早在存在主义在外自在王菩萨经现在贤劫千佛名经佛说大自在天子因地经大自在天子因地经金刚顶经观自在王如来修行法金刚顶经瑜伽观自在王如来修行法释迦牟尼佛成道在菩提树降魔赞观自在大悲成就瑜伽莲华部念诵法门

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 125
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 95
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 哀公 Lord Ai 36
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《天官書》 Astronomy 33
Er Ya 《爾雅》 《釋天》 Explanation of Heaven 32
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《中庸章句》 Commentary on Doctrine of the Mean 30
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 27
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《晉世家》 House of Jin 26
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 成公 Lord Cheng 25
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《大學章句》 Commentary on Great Learning 24

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
在在 在在 魚在在藻 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧魚藻之什‧魚藻 Minor odes of the kingdom - Yu Zao Zhi Shen - Yu Zao 12
在梁 在梁 敝笱在梁 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧齊‧敝笱 Lessons from the states - Odes of Qi - Bi Gou 8
在水 在水 在水一方 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧秦‧蒹葭 Lessons from the states - Odes of Qin - Jian Jia 6
在桑 在桑 鳲鳩在桑 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧曹‧鳲鳩 Lessons from the states - Odes of Cao - Shi Jiu 5
三星在 三星在 三星在天 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧唐‧綢繆 Lessons from the states - Odes of Tang - Chou Mo 4
鸠在 鳩在 鳲鳩在桑 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧曹‧鳲鳩 Lessons from the states - Odes of Cao - Shi Jiu 4
在河 在河 在河之洲 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧周南‧關雎 Lessons from the states - Odes Of Zhou And The South - Guan Ju 4
在浚 在浚 在浚 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧邶风‧凱風 Lessons from the states - Odes of Bei - Kai Feng 4
在堂 在堂 蟋蟀在堂 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧唐‧蟋蟀 Lessons from the states - Odes of Tang - Xi Shuai 4
在藻 在藻 魚在在藻 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧魚藻之什‧魚藻 Minor odes of the kingdom - Yu Zao Zhi Shen - Yu Zao 3