Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

zài

  1. zài verb in / at
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: This sense of 在 indicates the location of the subject (NCCED '在' 2). For example, 祥子蹲在烤旁 'Xiangzi squatted besides the stove.'(Lao She, 2003, p. 216) In this example, the verb 蹲 'squat' precedes 在 but in some cases it may follow 在 after the location referred to. For example, 孩子...在院里玩耍... 'the child was in the courtyard playing.'(Lao She, 2003, p. 220) 在 is the seventh most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '在').
  2. zài preposition at
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Position 位
    Notes: In this sense, 在 helps to indicate time, place, direction or scope (Li Shaoqi, 2003, pp. 404-407; NCCED '在' 6) 1. Time: 在 may be placed before a verb, adjective, or the subject to introduce time. For example, 世卫组织表示将在十一月发布建议 'The World Health Organization said that they would publish a recommendation in November.' 2. Place. For example, 火箭在距发射台约九公里处 'when the rocket was at a location approximately 90 kilometers from the launch pad.' (VOA, 2015-12-23) 3. Scope. For example, 总统在演讲中... 'while the president was giving a speech ...' (VOA, 2007-7-5)
  3. zài adverb when / indicates that someone or something is in the process of doing something
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Li Shaoqi, 2003, p. 224; NCCED '在' 5; Ho, 2002, '在' 3) For example, 科学家们一直在探寻... 'Scientists have been continuously searching ...' (VOA, 2015-07-25)
  4. zài verb to exist / to be living
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '在' 5; Ho, 2002, '在' 2)
  5. zài verb to consist of
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '在' 5)
  6. zài verb to be at a post
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '在' 5)

Contained in

现在在于正在存在在此在此之前在线潜在自在在内观自在菩萨内在所在在华实在不在乎好在在座在乎在意在朝实实在在在家人观自在常在自在天魔逍遥自在在世在位旨在大自在陀罗尼神咒经大自在天现在分词在阿兰若处他化自在天觉华定自在王如来定自在王在生十相自在过去现在因果经早在存在主义在外自在王菩萨经现在贤劫千佛名经佛说大自在天子因地经大自在天子因地经金刚顶经观自在王如来修行法金刚顶经瑜伽观自在王如来修行法释迦牟尼佛成道在菩提树降魔赞观自在大悲成就瑜伽莲华部念诵法门

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of Song 《宋史》 卷五十 志第三 天文三 Volume 50 Treatises 3: Astronomy 3 171
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷二十七上   志第十七上  曆三上 Volume 27a Treatises 18: Calendar 3a 166
History of Song 《宋史》 卷五十一 志第四 天文四 Volume 51 Treatises 4: Astronomy 4 154
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷三十八 志第十八: 地理一 Volume 38 Treatises 18: Geography 1 149
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷十一 志第一 天文上 Volume 11 Treatises 1: Astronomy Part One 140
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷五十三 志第五:  曆二 Volume 53 Treatises 6: Calendar 2 132
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷91 術藝:晁崇 張淵 殷紹 王早 耿玄 劉靈助 江式等 Volume 91: The Arts - Chao Chong, Zhang Yuan, Yin Shao, Wang Zao, Geng Xuan, Liu Lingzhu, Jiang Shi, and others 132
Book of Southern Qi 《南齊書》 卷十二 志第四 天文上 Volume 12 Treatises 4: Astronomy 1 130
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷105之二 天象志一之二 Volume 105b Treatise 1: Celestial Phenomena 2 130
History of Song 《宋史》 卷四十九 志第二 天文二 Volume 49 Treatises 2: Astronomy 2 127

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
在在 在在 魚在在藻 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧魚藻之什‧魚藻 Minor odes of the kingdom - Yu Zao Zhi Shen - Yu Zao 12
在梁 在梁 敝笱在梁 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧齊‧敝笱 Lessons from the states - Odes of Qi - Bi Gou 8
在水 在水 在水一方 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧秦‧蒹葭 Lessons from the states - Odes of Qin - Jian Jia 6
在桑 在桑 鳲鳩在桑 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧曹‧鳲鳩 Lessons from the states - Odes of Cao - Shi Jiu 5
在浚 在浚 在浚 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧邶风‧凱風 Lessons from the states - Odes of Bei - Kai Feng 4
鸠在 鳩在 鳲鳩在桑 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧曹‧鳲鳩 Lessons from the states - Odes of Cao - Shi Jiu 4
在堂 在堂 蟋蟀在堂 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧唐‧蟋蟀 Lessons from the states - Odes of Tang - Xi Shuai 4
三星在 三星在 三星在天 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧唐‧綢繆 Lessons from the states - Odes of Tang - Chou Mo 4
在河 在河 在河之洲 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧周南‧關雎 Lessons from the states - Odes Of Zhou And The South - Guan Ju 4
槃在 槃在 考槃在澗 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧衞‧考槃 Lessons from the states - Odes of Wei - Kao Pan 3