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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

zài

  1. zài verb in / at
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: This sense of 在 indicates the location of the subject (NCCED '在' 2). For example, 祥子蹲在烤旁 'Xiangzi squatted besides the stove.'(Lao She, 2003, p. 216) In this example, the verb 蹲 'squat' precedes 在 but in some cases it may follow 在 after the location referred to. For example, 孩子...在院里玩耍... 'the child was in the courtyard playing.'(Lao She, 2003, p. 220) 在 is the seventh most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '在').
  2. zài preposition at
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Position 位
    Notes: In this sense, 在 helps to indicate time, place, direction or scope (Li Shaoqi, 2003, pp. 404-407; NCCED '在' 6) 1. Time: 在 may be placed before a verb, adjective, or the subject to introduce time. For example, 世卫组织表示将在十一月发布建议 'The World Health Organization said that they would publish a recommendation in November.' 2. Place. For example, 火箭在距发射台约九公里处 'when the rocket was at a location approximately 90 kilometers from the launch pad.' (VOA, 2015-12-23) 3. Scope. For example, 总统在演讲中... 'while the president was giving a speech ...' (VOA, 2007-7-5)
  3. zài adverb when / indicates that someone or something is in the process of doing something
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Li Shaoqi, 2003, p. 224; NCCED '在' 5; Ho, 2002, '在' 3) For example, 科学家们一直在探寻... 'Scientists have been continuously searching ...' (VOA, 2015-07-25)
  4. zài verb to exist / to be living
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '在' 5; Ho, 2002, '在' 2)
  5. zài verb to consist of
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '在' 5)
  6. zài verb to be at a post
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '在' 5)

Contained in

现在在于正在存在在此在此之前在线潜在自在在内观自在菩萨内在所在在华实在不在乎好在在座在乎在意在朝实实在在在家人观自在常在自在天魔逍遥自在在世在位旨在大自在陀罗尼神咒经大自在天现在分词在阿兰若处他化自在天觉华定自在王如来定自在王在生十相自在过去现在因果经早在存在主义在外自在王菩萨经现在贤劫千佛名经佛说大自在天子因地经大自在天子因地经金刚顶经观自在王如来修行法金刚顶经瑜伽观自在王如来修行法释迦牟尼佛成道在菩提树降魔赞观自在大悲成就瑜伽莲华部念诵法门

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《天官書》 Astronomy 35
Er Ya 《爾雅》 《釋天》 Explanation of Heaven 32
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《中庸章句》 Commentary on Doctrine of the Mean 32
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《晉世家》 House of Jin 26
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《大學章句》 Commentary on Great Learning 24
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《封禪書》 Religious sacrificial ceremonies 23
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《扁鵲倉公列傳》 Biographies of Bian Que and the Duke of Cang 21
Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 《卷十二‧水部》 Scroll 12, Shuǐ Radical 21
Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 《邑部》 Yì Radical 21
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《建元以來侯者年表》 Yearly Table of the Officials who became Marquises since the Jianyuan Period 20

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
1. 《學而》 Xue Er in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
祿其中 2. 《為政》 Wei Zheng in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
父母 4. 《里仁》 Li Ren in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
之中 5. 《公冶長》Gong Ye Chang in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 4
《曲禮下》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 2 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 7
西之下 《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 5
《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 12
《王制》 Royal Regulations in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 6
萬里 《內篇‧逍遙遊》 Inner Chapters - Enjoyment in Untroubled Ease in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
《德充符》 The Seal of Virtue Complete in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
太極 《大宗師》 The Great and Most Honoured Master in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 3
《在宥》 Letting Be, and Exercising Forbearance in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 4
Selections from Stories by Liu Xiang in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 4
田完世家 Sections from Records of the Historian in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 3
《釋詁》 Explanation of Old Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 3
《釋訓》 Explanation of Instructions in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《釋親》 Explanation of Family Relations in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《釋宮》 Explanation of the Court in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2
《釋天》 Explanation of Heaven in Er Ya 《爾雅》 32
便 《本紀‧五帝本紀》 Annals - Annals of the Five Emperors in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 6
不得 《夏本紀》 Annals of Xia in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 6
《殷本紀》 Annals of Yin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 4