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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

le liǎo

  1. le particle completion of an action
    Domain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Aspectual Particle 动态助词
    Notes: In this usage 了 is an aspectual particle 动态助词. Here 了 is placed after the verb and before its object to indicate that an action has been completed (Li Shaoqi, 2003, pp. 430-431; Ho, 2002, '了' 1). For example, 他似乎明白了点 'he seemed to understand something.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 218) In this example the verb is 明白 'understand' and the object is 点 '[a little] something.' 了 cannot be used for non-action verbs, such as 喜欢, 是, 像. If there are two verbs in series then 了 should be placed after the second verb. 了 is the third most frequent word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '了').
  2. liǎo verb to know / to understand
    Domain: Thought 思想
    Notes: Frequently used as a potential complement.
  3. le particle modal particle
    Domain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Modal Particle 语气助词
    Notes: In this use 了 appears at the end of a sentence as a modal particle 语气助词. Use as a modal particle differs from use as an aspectual particle after a verb in that a modal particle indicates the completion of the action for the whole sentence. Sometimes a modal particle is omitted if the sentence contains an aspectual particle and the action of the sentence is simple. There are two common uses: 1. 了 may be used at the end of a sentence to indicate a newly emerged condition (Ho, 2002, '了' 2; Sun 2006, loc. 885). For example, 一切的路都封上了 'All the roads were closed.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 175) 2. 了 may be used at the end of a sentence to indicate a reminder, advice, or urging.
  4. le particle particle used in certain fixed expressions
    Domain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Particle 助词
    Notes: In this use 了 is used in a set of fixed expressions, including 太...了, ...极了, 对了, and 好了 (Ho, 2002, '了' 3; Li Shaoqi, 2003, p. 433). For example, 你帮几天忙好了 'Please help for a few days.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 176)

Contained in

了解不了得了为了了不起除了_以外极了不得了算了对了除了了如指掌一目了然大方广圆觉修多罗了义经了别了脱明了了知了菴清欲了菴清欲禅师语录佛说了义般若波罗蜜经吃得了吃不了了义不了义佛说长者女菴提遮师子吼了义经长者女菴提遮师子吼了义经相续解脱地波罗蜜了义经相续解脱如来所作随顺处了义经了本生死经大方广圆觉修多罗了义经大佛顶如来密因修证了义诸菩萨万行首楞严经律二十二明了论大方广圆觉修多罗了义经略疏成唯识论了义灯了悟

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
A small number of phrases from the writings of Lao She Luotuo Xiangzi 《骆驼祥子》 13
A small number of phrases from the writings of Lao She Teahouse - Act II (Part) 《茶馆》 第二幕 (部分) 7
Media articles 猴年 Year of the Monkey - Fragment d (2016-01-30) 7
Media articles 红色清真寺 The Red Mosque - Fragment c (2007-7-5) 7
Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 《了部》 Le Radical 6
Media articles 英雄犬 Hero dog - Fragment b (2015-12-29) 6
Media articles 中国美术馆 China National Art Gallery - Fragment b (2015-12-25) 6
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《論語集注‧論語序說》 Collected Notes on the Analects of Confucius - Preface 5
Media articles 文学 Literature - Fragment f (2016-02-04) 4
Media articles 猴年 Year of the Monkey - Fragment c (2016-01-30) 4

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
《了部》 Le Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 6
全然 《論語集注‧論語序說》 Collected Notes on the Analects of Confucius - Preface in Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 5
《微子第十八》 Commentary on Wei Zi XVIII in Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 1
《子張第十九》 Commentary on Zi Zhang XIX in Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 1
《離婁章句上》 Commentary on Li Lou I in Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 2
温暖 文学 Literature - Fragment b (2016-02-04) in Media articles 1
刘广元不及推开窗户 文学 Literature - Fragment c (2016-02-04) in Media articles 2
小学生 文学 Literature - Fragment f (2016-02-04) in Media articles 4
便产生魔力 文学 Literature - Fragment g (2016-02-04) in Media articles 3
比较准确生动全面加勒比社会生态 文学 Literature - Fragment h (2016-02-04) in Media articles 1
一切 Luotuo Xiangzi 《骆驼祥子》 in A small number of phrases from the writings of Lao She 13
维新运动失败 Teahouse - Act I (Part) 《茶馆》 第一幕 (部分) in A small number of phrases from the writings of Lao She 3
北京茶馆先后相继 Teahouse - Act II (Part) 《茶馆》 第二幕 (部分) in A small number of phrases from the writings of Lao She 7
裕泰茶馆样子那么体面 Teahouse - Act III (Part) 《茶馆》 第三幕 (部分) in A small number of phrases from the writings of Lao She 1
眼泪更多 A Scarecrow 《稻草人》 in A small number of phrases from the writings of Ye Shengtao 2