Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

  1. adjective ancient / old / palaeo-
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Middle Chinese: kuX; in the sense of old in historic terms (ABC 'gǔ' sv 1; Kroll '古'; NCCED '古' 3)
  2. adjective ancient / old
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Often begins a sentence that ends in 者 in Literary Chinese to mean 'in ancient times.' (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 119)
  3. adjective out of date
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: (Ci Yian '古' 2; ABC 'gǔ' sv 2; GHC '古' 1)
  4. noun former times
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Ci Yian '古' 1; GHC '古' 1; NCCED '古' 1)
  5. noun events in former times
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED '古' 2)
  6. adjective sincere / unpretentious
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED '古' 4)
  7. adjective an ancient style of poetry
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Pre-Tang form (NCCED '古' 5)
  8. proper noun Gu
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Ci Yian '古' 3)

Contained in


Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Daode Jing 《道德經》 With commentary by 王弼 Wang Bi 35
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷二十二 志第十二 樂四 Volume 22 Treatises 12: Music 4 34
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷十四 志第四 禮一 Volume 14 Treatises 4: Rituals 1 26
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷十八 志第八 禮五 Volume 18 Treatises 8: Rituals 5 25
Stratagems of the Warring States 《戰國策》 卷十九 趙二 Chapter 19: Zhao II 24
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷三十 兿文志 Volume 30: Treatise on Literature 23
Book of Southern Qi 《南齊書》 卷九 志第一 禮上 Volume 9 Treatises 1: Rituals 1 22
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷二十一 志第十一 樂三 Volume 21 Treatises 11: Music 3 21
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷十三 志第三 歷下 Volume 13 Treatises 3: Calendar 2 21
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷二十 志第十 禮中 Volume 20 Treatises 10: Rites Part Two 20


Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
闻古 聞古 願聞古之明主得國失國 Han Feizi 《韓非子》 十過第十 Chapter 10: Ten Faults 11
古圣王 古聖王 故古聖王高予之爵 Mozi 《墨子》 卷二 尚賢中 Book 2 - Exaltation of the Virtuous II 9
思古 思古 故君子思古焉 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧谷風之什‧楚茨 Minor odes of the kingdom - Gu Feng Zhi Shen - Chhu Ci 8
古同 古同 古同 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧衞‧氓 Lessons from the states - Odes of Wei - Mang 5
变古 變古 上變古易常 Gongyang's Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋公羊傳》 宣公 Lord Xuan 5
夫古 夫古 夫古之人 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I 5
服古 服古 君子必服古言然後仁 Mozi 《墨子》 卷九 非儒下 Book 9 - Anti-Confucianism II 4
大古 大古 大古冠布 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《郊特牲》 The Single Victim at the Border Sacrifices 4
治古 治古 治古無肉刑 Xunzi 《荀子》 正論篇第十八 Chapter 18: Discussion on Proper Judgements 4
人古 人古 古之人古之人 Mencius 《孟子》 盡心下 Jin Xin II 4