1. adverb already
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: May be used as a preverbal particle in Classical Chinese to indicate a completed action (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115). For example, 年已七十矣 'he had reached the age of seventy' (Mengzi: 9.9/50/14, translation by Legge; Guoyu '已' adv 1; Kroll 2015 '已' 2, p. 546; Unihan '已'; XHZD '已' 2, p. 886)
  2. noun Kangxi radical 49
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Radicals
    Notes: Alternate form for 己 (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7)
  3. preposition from
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: As a variant of 以 (Kroll 2015 '已' 4, p. 546)
  4. verb to bring to an end; to stop
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense, in Literary Chinese, 已 is a full verb (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115). For example, 人皆謂我毀明堂。毀諸?已乎?'People all tell me to pull down and remove the Hall of Distinction. Shall I pull it down, or stop the movement for that object?' (Mengzi: 2.5/9/22, translation by Legge; CC-CEDICT '已'; Guoyu '已' v 1; Kroll 2015 '已' 1, p. 546; Unihan '已'; XHZD '已' 1, p. 886)
  5. particle final aspectual particle
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: This literary Chinese final particle is sometimes found after noun predicates, indicating a change in knowledge about the state of things. For example, 是亂國已 one can tell that this is a disorderly country (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 19 after Xun 10/89; Guoyu '已' particle)
  6. conjunction afterwards; thereafter
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 然后 (Guoyu '已' adv 3; XHZD '已' 3, p. 886)
  7. adverb too; very; excessively
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: May be used in this sense in preclassical Chinese (Guoyu '已' adv 2; Kroll 2015 '已' 3, p. 546; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 115; ; XHZD '已' 4, p. 886)
  8. verb to complete
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 完成 (Guoyu '已' v 2)
  9. verb to demote; to dismiss
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 黜退 (Guoyu '已' v 3)
  10. verb to recover from an illness
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 病愈 (Guoyu '已' v 4)
  11. adverb certainly
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 一定 (Guoyu '已' adv 4)
  12. interjection an interjection of surprise
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Like 哎 (Guoyu '已' adv 4)
  13. pronoun this
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 此 (Guoyu '已' pronoun)

Contained in

Also contained in

已办地已过时波罗阇已迦已作地所应断已断已生的善法,令它增长已今当已然语气

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words