1. adverb already / since
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time
    Notes: In the sense of 已经 (CC-CEDICT '既'; Guoyu '既' adv 1; Kroll 2015 '既' 1a, p. 188; Mathews 1931 '既', p. 59; Unihan '既'; XHZD '既' 2, p. 318)
  2. conjunction both ... and ...
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words
    Notes: This form is used both in modern and literary Chinese (CC-CEDICT '既'; Guoyu '既' conj 2; Kroll 2015 '既' 2a, p. 188; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 113; XHZD '既' 3, p. 319)
  3. verb to complete / to finish
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 既 is a full verb (Guoyu '既' adv 2; Kroll 2015 '既' 1, p. 188; Mathews 1931 '既', p. 59; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 113; XHZD '既' 1, p. 318)
  4. particle preverbal particle marking completion
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese 既 is placed before a verb to indicate a change in state completion. The verb is often followed by the particle 矣 (Kroll 2015 '既' 2, p. 188; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 113). For example, 然則夫子既聖矣乎? 'Then, Master, have you attained to be a Sage?' (Mengzi: 3.2/16/14, translation by Legge)
  5. adverb not long
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 不久 (Guoyu '既' adv 3)
  6. proper noun Ji
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Names , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '既' n)

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沈既济

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