1. adverb already / since
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: (Unihan '既')
  2. conjunction both ... and ...
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: This form is used both in modern and literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 113).
  3. verb to complete / to finish
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 既 is a full verb (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 113).
  4. particle preverbal particle marking completion
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese 既 is placed before a verb to indicate a change in state completion. The verb is often followed by the particle 矣 (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 113). For example, 然則夫子既聖矣乎? 'Then, Master, have you attained to be a Sage?' (Mengzi: 3.2/16/14, translation by Legge)

Contained in

既_也_既_又_既然既是既定既有沈既济一如既往既往不咎既而

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words