Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

  1. adverb already / since
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: (Unihan '既')
  2. conjunction both ... and ...
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: This form is used both in modern and literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 113).
  3. verb to complete / to finish
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense 既 is a full verb (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 113).
  4. particle preverbal particle marking completion
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese 既 is placed before a verb to indicate a change in state completion. The verb is often followed by the particle 矣 (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 113). For example, 然則夫子既聖矣乎? 'Then, Master, have you attained to be a Sage?' (Mengzi: 3.2/16/14, translation by Legge)

Contained in

既_也_既_又_既然既是既定既有沈既济一如既往

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《太史公自序》 Autobiographical Afterword of the Grand Historian 29
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《雜記下》 Miscellaneous Records II 25
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《喪大記》 The Greater Record of Mourning Rites 24
Book of Documents 《尚書》 夏書 禹貢 Xia Shu - Tribute of Yu 23
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《夏本紀》 Annals of Xia 22
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《刺客列傳》 Biographies of Assassins 17
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I 17
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《匈奴列傳》 Treatise on the Xiongnu 17
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《封禪書》 Religious sacrificial ceremonies 17
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《曾子問》 The Questions of Zeng-zi 16