Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

既然 jìrán

jìrán conjunction since / as / this being the case
Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Correlative 关联词
Notes: This conjunction is often used as a connecting word in the subordinate clause of subordinate complex sentences. It is often used in the pattern 既然…,就… to express a conclusion deduced from a premise (Sun 2006, loc. 2069).

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第三十五回 Chapter 35 2
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第四回 Chapter 4 2
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第十五回 Chapter 15 1
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第三十九回 Chapter 39 1
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《李斯列傳》 Biography of Li Si 1
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷一百九十  列傳第七十七: 儒學二 Volume 190 Biographies 77: Confucian Scholars 2 1
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第四十三回 Chapter 43 1
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷二十七下之下 五行志 Volume 27e: Treatise on the Five Elements 5 1
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷七十五 列傳第四十五 王湛 荀崧 范汪 劉惔 張憑 韓伯 Volume 75 Biographies 45: Wang Zhan; Xun Song; Fan Wang; Liu Tan 1
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷五十五 Scroll 55 1