Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

乱 (亂) luàn

  1. luàn adjective chaotic / disorderly
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (FE '亂' 1; Guoyu '亂' adj 1; Unihan '亂'; XHZD '乱' 1)
  2. luàn adjective confused
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (FE '亂' 3)
  3. luàn verb to disturb / to upset / to throw into chaos
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synonymous with 扰乱 or 打乱 in this sense (FE '亂' 4; XHZD '乱' 3)
  4. luàn verb to be promiscuous
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synonymous with 淫乱 in this sense (Guoyu '亂' v 3; XHZD '乱' 5)
  5. luàn noun finale
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: The last part in a musical composition (Guoyu '亂' n 2)
  6. luàn verb to destroy
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 破坏 (Guoyu '亂' v 2)
  7. luàn verb to confuse
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synonymous with 混淆 in this sense (Guoyu '亂' v 1)
  8. luàn adjective agitated
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synonymous with 烦乱 in this sense (Guoyu '亂' adj 2)
  9. luàn verb very
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 很 or 非常 (Guoyu '亂' adv 2)
  10. luàn adjective unstable
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 不安定 (Guoyu '亂' adj 3)
  11. luàn adverb arbitrarily / indescriminately
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synonymous with 随意, 随便, or 任意 in this sense (Guoyu '亂' adv 1; XHZD '乱' 4)
  12. luàn noun revolt / rebelion / riot
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Synonymous with 叛乱 or 动乱 in this sense (FE '亂' 2; Guoyu '亂' n 1; Unihan '亂'; XHZD '乱' 2)

Contained in

骚乱混乱狂乱乱七八糟胡乱捣乱动乱慌乱扰乱杂乱安史之乱叛乱兵荒马乱乱绞丝散乱乱说黄巾之乱八王之乱五胡乱华纷乱乱世彘之乱作乱靖康之乱戡乱战乱恼乱反乱忙乱斗乱错乱烦乱乱政淫乱打乱紊乱魔娆乱经荒乱迷乱乱世用重典心慌意乱离乱乱心散乱心一心不乱乱用乱吃昏乱乱纪乱讲乱象

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 55
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷20 志第15 天文中 Volume 20 Treatises 15: Astronomy 2 44
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷十二 志第二 天文中 Volume 12 Treatises 2: Astronomy Part Two 41
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷21 志第16 天文下 Volume 21 Treatises 16: Astronomy 3 39
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷十三 志第三 天文下 Volume 13 Treatises 3: Astronomy Part Three 38
History of Song 《宋史》 卷五十一 志第四 天文四 Volume 51 Treatises 4: Astronomy 4 35
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 35
Guoyu 《國語》 周語下 Discourses of Zhou III 33
History of Song 《宋史》 卷五十 志第三 天文三 Volume 50 Treatises 3: Astronomy 3 30
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷105之四 天象志一之四 Volume 105d Treatise 1: Celestial Phenomena 4 30

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
大乱 大亂 天下大亂 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧召南‧野有死麕 Lessons from the states - Odes Of Shao And The South - Ye You Si Jun 5
乱庶 亂庶 亂庶遄沮 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧節南山之什‧巧言 Minor odes of the kingdom - Jie Nan Shan Zhi Shen - Qiao Yan 5
刺乱 刺亂 刺亂也 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧鄭‧丰 Lessons from the states - Odes of Zheng - Qian Chang 5
宋乱 宋亂 以成宋亂 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 桓公 Lord Huan 3
乱靡 亂靡 亂靡有定 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧節南山之什‧節南山 Minor odes of the kingdom - Jie Nan Shan Zhi Shen - Jie Nan Shan 3
乱生 亂生 亂生不夷 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧蕩之什‧桑柔 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Dang - Sang Rou 3
怙乱 怙亂 無怙亂 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 3
乱在 亂在 惟治亂在庶官 Book of Documents 《尚書》 商書 說命中(僞) Shang Shu - Charge to Yue II (forged) 2
乱离 亂離 亂離瘼矣 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧谷風之什‧四月 Minor odes of the kingdom - Gu Feng Zhi Shen - Si Yue 2
乱旧 亂舊 君罔以辯言亂舊政 Book of Documents 《尚書》 商書 太甲下 Shang Shu - Tai Jia III 2