Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

tōng

  1. tōng verb to go through / to open
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (Kroll '通' 1; Unihan '通')
  2. tōng adjective open
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Form 形态
    Notes: (Guoyu '通' adj 1; Kroll '通' 3)
  3. tōng measure word instance / occurrence / bout
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Quantity 数量
    Notes: A measure word for actions (Guoyu '通' n 2; Kroll '通' 10)
  4. tōng verb to connect
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 通 is synonymous with 连接 in this sense. Etymology: 通:達也。(Shuo Wen; Guoyu '通' v 1)
  5. tōng verb to know well
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Thought 思想
    Notes: 通 is synonymous with 了解 or 精通 in this sense (Guoyu '通' v 4; Kroll '通' 6a)
  6. tōng noun a spiritual power / supernatural powers / a remarkable ability / a magical power
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: See 神通
  7. tōng verb to report
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Thought 思想
    Notes: 通 is synonymous with 通报 in this sense (Guoyu '通' v 3)
  8. tōng verb to commit adultery
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Thought 思想
    Notes: 通 is synonymous with 通奸 in this sense (Guoyu '通' v 5)
  9. tōng adjective common / in general
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 通 is synonymous with 共同 in this sense (Guoyu '通' adj 6; Kroll '通' 7; Unihan '通').
  10. tōng verb to transmit
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Guoyu '通' v 2; Kroll '通' 2)
  11. tōng verb to attain a goal
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '通' 4)
  12. tōng adverb finally / in the end
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '通' 4a)
  13. tōng verb to communicate with
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '通' 5)
  14. tōng adverb thoroughly
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Guoyu '通' adj 7; Kroll '通' 6)
  15. tōng verb to pardon / to forgive
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '通' 8)
  16. tōng adjective free-flowing / smooth
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 畅达 (Guoyu '通' adj 2)
  17. tōng adjective smoothly / without a hitch
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 顺利 (Guoyu '通' adj 3)
  18. tōng adjective erudite / learned
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 通 is synonymous with 渊博 in this sense (Guoyu '通' adj 5)
  19. tōng noun an expert
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Guoyu '通' n 1)

Contained in

通过普通交通通知南通通用通信即时通信通讯录沟通通道网通中国网通通常开通通讯串通通州区连通直通联通流通通达普通话通讯频带交通工具通用网关接口通用公共许可証通顺畅通精通通用串行总线通报通风通告通航通红通货膨胀通商通俗通行通讯社相通扑通上海交通大学神通交通警察疏通通路万事亨通通晓

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of Song 《宋史》 卷八十七 志第四十 地理三 Volume 87 Treatises 40: Geography 3 86
History of Ming 《明史》 卷八十八 志第六十四 河渠六 Volume 88 Treatises 64: Rivers and Canals 6 59
History of Ming 《明史》 卷三十七 志第十三 曆七 Volume 37 Treatises 13: Calendar 7 55
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷八十三 志第三十三:  選舉三 Volume 83 Treatises 36: Selection of Officials 3 50
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷五十六 列傳第六: 蕭銑 杜伏威 輔公祏 沈法興 李子通 羅藝 梁師都 Volume 56 Biographies 6: Xiao Xian, du fuwei, Fu Gongshi, Shen Faxing, Li Zitong, Luo Yi, Liang Shidou 50
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷五十九 列傳第九: 屈突通 任瓌 丘和 許紹 李襲志 姜謩 Volume 59 Biographies 9: Qu Tutong, Ren Gui, Qiu He, Xu Shao, Li Xizhi, Jian Mo 49
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷四十四    志第三十四  選舉志上 Volume 44 Treatises 39: Selecting and Appointing Officials 1 49
History of Ming 《明史》 卷八十五 志第六十一 河渠三 Volume 85 Treatises 61: Rivers and Canals 3 47
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷三十四 志第十四: 曆三 Volume 34 Treatises 14: Calendar 3 45
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷10 志第5 禮儀五 Volume 10 Treatises 5: Rites 5 42

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
修通 修通 坦氣修通 Guanzi 《管子》 幼官第八 Chapter 8: Young Officials 10
上通 上通 上通而不困 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《儒行》 The Conduct of the Scholar 7
通嗣 通嗣 通嗣君也 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 成公 Lord Cheng 6
属通 屬通 弟兄不得以屬通 Gongyang's Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋公羊傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 5
通外 通外 通外內之言以事君 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 5
始通 始通 始通也 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 4
通吴 通吳 乃通吳于晉 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 成公 Lord Cheng 4
情通 情通 百里之情通矣 Guanzi 《管子》 法法第十六 Chapter 16: Fa Fa 3
通可以 通可以 通可以已也 Gongyang's Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋公羊傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 3
通四方 通四方 或通四方之珍異以資之 Rites of Zhou 《周禮》 冬官考工記 第六 6. Office of Winter and Inspection Records 3