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particle expresses question or doubt
Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
Notes: In Literary Chinese, final particle 乎 may turn a sentence into a question (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 139). For example, 賢者亦樂此乎?'Do wise and good princes also find pleasure in these things?' (Mengzi: 1.2/1/11, translation by Legge)

Contained in

几乎似乎不在乎合乎在乎出乎意料介乎关乎

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《中庸章句》 Commentary on Doctrine of the Mean 82
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《司馬相如列傳》 Biography of Sima Xiangru 82
Zhuangzi 《莊子》 《齊物論》 The Adjustment of Controversies 80
Zhuangzi 《莊子》 《雜篇‧庚桑楚》 Miscellaneous Chapters - Geng-sang Chu 61
Zhuangzi 《莊子》 《大宗師》 The Great and Most Honoured Master 57
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《中庸》 The State of Equilibrium and Harmony, also known as the Doctrine of the Mean 54
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《孔子世家》 House of Confucius 52
Zhuangzi 《莊子》 《知北遊》 Knowledge Rambling in the North 47
Zhuangzi 《莊子》 《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men 42
Zhuangzi 《莊子》 《徐無鬼》 Xu Wu-gui 42

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
1. 《學而》 Xue Er in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 7
何以 2. 《為政》 Wei Zheng in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 5
不如 3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 9
4. 《里仁》 Li Ren in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 5
子路 5. 《公冶長》Gong Ye Chang in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 4
禽獸 《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 2
君子 《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 30
《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 28
上帝 《王制》 Royal Regulations in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 8
《曾子問》 The Questions of Zeng-zi in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 24
《內篇‧逍遙遊》 Inner Chapters - Enjoyment in Untroubled Ease in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 18
《齊物論》 The Adjustment of Controversies in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 80
《養生主》 Nourishing the Lord of Life in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 8
《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 42
不如 《德充符》 The Seal of Virtue Complete in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 25
何不炳燭 Selections from Stories by Liu Xiang in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 4
Selections from Zhuang Zi in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 11
先生 Sections from Records of the Historian in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 3
不可 Selections from Mencius in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 1
《釋訓》 Explanation of Instructions in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
而後 《釋天》 Explanation of Heaven in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《夏本紀》 Annals of Xia in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 4
《殷本紀》 Annals of Yin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 2
《周本紀》 Annals of Zhou in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 17
我國 《秦本紀》 Annals of Qin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 5