Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

  1. adjective bitter
    Domain: Food and Drink 饮食 , Concept: Flavor 味道
    Notes: (Unihan '苦')
  2. noun hardship / suffering
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Emotion 感情
    Notes: (Unihan '苦')
  3. verb to grieve bitterly
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  4. noun Sorrow / duḥkha / dukkha / suffering
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: duḥkha, Pāli: dukkha, Japanese: ku. Duḥkha is the unsatisfactory nature inherent in all conditioned phenomena. 苦諦 'The truth of suffering' is the first of the 四聖諦 'four noble truths,' a fundamental teaching of Buddhism (BL 'duḥkha; FGDB '苦').; FGS translation standard: Sorrow

Contained in

贫苦苦恼苦难苦集灭道刻苦辛苦艰苦痛苦吃苦苦命困苦穷苦苦海苦行苦力八苦苦行人苦行者受苦苦厄苦寒苦修苦行僧能灭诸苦救度病苦忧苦观受是苦生苦老苦死苦爱别离苦怨憎会苦求不得苦五蕴炽盛苦苦毒苦楚罪苦叫苦愁苦精苦文化苦旅千辛万苦苦叉苦圣谛苦谛苦习圣谛苦集谛苦灭谛苦尽谛苦灭圣谛爱灭苦灭圣谛

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Classic of Tea 《茶經》 卷下:五之煮、六之飲、七之事、八之出、九之略、十之圖 Final Scroll: 5. Boiling, 6. Drinking, 7. History, 8. Growing Regions, 9. Simplify, 10. Pictorialize 20
Daode Jing 《道德經》 With commentary by 王弼 Wang Bi 11
Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 卷五十九 張衡列傳 Volume 59: Biography of Zhang Heng 8
Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 卷四十九 王充王符仲長統列傳 Volume 49: Biographies of Wang Chong, Wang Fu, Zhongchang Tong 8
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷二十九 魏書二十九 方技傳 Volume 29: Book of Wei 29 - Biographies of fangshis and artisans 7
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷九十四上 匈奴傳 Volume 94a: Traditions of the Xiongnu 1 7
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷六十五 吳書二十 王樓賀韋華傳 Volume 65: Book of Wu 20 - Biographies of Wang, Lou, He, Wei, and Hua 7
Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 《艸部》 Cǎo Radical 7
Songs of Chu 《楚辭》 卷第十三 七諫 Chapter 13: Seven Remonstrances 7
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷九十五 列傳第六十五 藝術 Volume 95 Biographies 65: Arts 6

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
民苦 民苦 故民苦於外 Mozi 《墨子》 卷一 七患 Book 1 - The Seven Worries 7
功苦 功苦 辨功苦 Guanzi 《管子》 立政第四 Chapter 4: Establishing Governance 5
苦叶 苦葉 匏有苦葉 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧邶‧匏有苦葉 Lessons from the states - Odes of Bei - Pao You Ku Ye 5
苦雨 苦雨 秋無苦雨 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 5
味苦 味苦 其味苦 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《月令》 Proceedings of Government in the Different Months 5
苦节 苦節 苦節不可貞 Book of Changes 《易經》 節 Jie 4
苦窳 苦窳 東夷之陶者器苦窳 Han Feizi 《韓非子》 難一第三十六 Chapter 36: Difficulties I 4
苦身 苦身 苦身勞形 Huainanzi 《淮南子》 卷十九 脩務訓 Chapter 19: Cultivation of Effort 3
用力苦 用力苦 用力苦則勞 Guanzi 《管子》 版法第七 Chapter 7: Ban Fa 3
百姓苦 百姓苦 百姓苦之 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧齊‧盧令 Lessons from the states - Odes of Qi - Lu Ling 3