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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

  1. adjective bitter
    Domain: Food and Drink 饮食 , Concept: Flavor 味道
    Notes: (Unihan '苦')
  2. noun hardship / suffering
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Emotion 感情
    Notes: (Unihan '苦')
  3. verb to grieve bitterly
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  4. noun Sorrow / duḥkha / dukkha / suffering
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: duḥkha, Pāli: dukkha, Japanese: ku. Duḥkha is the unsatisfactory nature inherent in all conditioned phenomena. 苦諦 'The truth of suffering' is the first of the 四聖諦 'four noble truths,' a fundamental teaching of Buddhism (BL 'duḥkha; FGDB '苦').; FGS translation standard: Sorrow

Contained in

贫苦苦恼苦难苦集灭道刻苦辛苦艰苦痛苦吃苦苦命困苦穷苦苦海苦行苦力八苦苦行人苦行者受苦苦厄苦寒苦修苦行僧能灭诸苦救度病苦忧苦观受是苦生苦老苦死苦爱别离苦怨憎会苦求不得苦五蕴炽盛苦苦毒苦楚罪苦叫苦愁苦精苦文化苦旅千辛万苦苦叉苦圣谛苦谛苦习圣谛苦集谛苦灭谛苦尽谛苦灭圣谛爱灭苦灭圣谛

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 《艸部》 Cǎo Radical 7
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《高祖本紀》 Annals of Gao Zu 6
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《越王句踐世家》 House of King Goujian of Yue 6
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《淮南衡山列傳》 Biographies of Huainan and Hengshan 5
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《平津侯主父列傳》 Biographies of the Marquis of Pingjin and Zhufu 5
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《滑稽列傳》 Biographies of Jesters 5
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《月令》 Proceedings of Government in the Different Months 5
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 5
Zhuangzi 《莊子》 《至樂》 Perfect Enjoyment 4
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《大宛列傳》 Treatise on the Dayuan 4

Collocations

SimplifiedTraditionalExampleExample ReferenceFrequency
味苦 味苦 其味苦 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《月令》 Proceedings of Government in the Different Months 3

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
《月令》 Proceedings of Government in the Different Months in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 5
《內則》 The Pattern of the Family in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 2
《學記》 Record on the Subject of Education in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
《樂記》 Record of Music in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
夫婦 《經解》 The Different Teachings of the Different Kings in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
使天下 《在宥》 Letting Be, and Exercising Forbearance in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
《天道》 The Way of Heaven in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
《至樂》 Perfect Enjoyment in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 4
以為 《達生》 The Full Understanding of Life in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
如此 Selections from Stories by Liu Xiang in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 1
《釋詁》 Explanation of Old Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《釋言》 Explanation of Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《釋草》 Explanation of Plants in Er Ya 《爾雅》 3
《釋木》 Explanation of Trees in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2
《本紀‧五帝本紀》 Annals - Annals of the Five Emperors in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 1
《秦本紀》 Annals of Qin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 2
天下 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 5
如此 《項羽本紀》 Annals of Xiang Yu in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 3
天下 《高祖本紀》 Annals of Gao Zu in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 6
《艸部》 Cǎo Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 7
《殳部》 Shū Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
《隹部》 Zhuī Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
《卷七‧木部》 Scroll 7, Mù Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
《心部》 Xīn Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1