Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

tiān

  1. tiān noun day
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: time 时间
    Notes: For example, in spoken Chinese, 你帮几天忙好了 'Please help for a few days.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 176) A measure word cannot be used with this noun. 天 is also used in literary Chinese in this sense (GHC '天' 7).
  2. tiān measure word day
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Quantity 数量
  3. tiān noun heaven / Heavenly Realm
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Religion 宗教
    Notes: For example, 天人合一 'the harmonious oneness of Heaven and humanity.' (Yao, 2000, p. 140; Kroll '天' 2) Heaven is understood to be above the human world. For example, 四天下眾生 'the beings under the four heavens (T 227, Scroll 3 《小品般若波羅蜜經》). FGS translation standard: Heavenly Realm (Faxiang).
  4. tiān noun a deva / a god
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Religion 宗教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: deva (male), devī (female), same in Pali (BL 'deva'; Kroll '天' 5)
  5. tiān noun nature
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 天然 (Kroll '天' 4; GHC '天' 2).
  6. tiān noun sky
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Nature 大自然
    Notes: For example, 蓝天 'blue sky.' (XHW 2016-02-04) 天 is used in this sense in both modern and literary Chinese (Kroll '天' 1; GHC '天' 1).
  7. tiān noun weather
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 天气 (Kroll '天' 1a; GHC '天' 6).

Contained in

星期天礼拜天今天翻天覆地物竞天择天然气昨天聊天天骄天津天气航天器天安门天坛天空航天天干天地人天天真晴天天堂地久天长破天荒古树参天别有洞天天然明天半天春天冬天秋天夏天白天后天前天天文成天天才天上天下天主教阴天半边天当天开天辟地老天爷谈天天长地久天色天生

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷十一 志第一 天文上 Volume 11 Treatises 1: Astronomy Part One 229
Mozi 《墨子》 卷七 天志中 Book 7 - Will of Heaven II 76
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《天官書》 Astronomy 71
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷二十六 天文志 Volume 26: Treatise on Astronomy 70
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷十二 志第二 天文中 Volume 12 Treatises 2: Astronomy Part Two 67
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷八十六 列傳第五十六 張軌 Volume 86 Biographies 56: Zhang Gui 62
Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 第二 律曆中 賈逵論曆 永元論曆 延光論曆 漢安論曆 熹平論曆 論月食 Volume 91: Rhythm and the Calendar Part Two 60
Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 卷五十九 張衡列傳 Volume 59: Biography of Zhang Heng 56
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 53
Guoyu 《國語》 周語下 Discourses of Zhou III 53

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
天降 天降 天降滔德 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧蕩之什‧蕩 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Dang - Dang 13
皇天 皇天 皇天偉大光輝照人間 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧文王之什‧大明 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Wen Wang - Da Ming 13
维天 維天 維天有漢 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧谷風之什‧大東 Minor odes of the kingdom - Gu Feng Zhi Shen - Da Dong 6
受天 受天 受天百祿 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧鹿鳴之什‧天保 Minor odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Lu Ming - Tian Bao 6
天作 天作 天作之合 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧文王之什‧大明 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Wen Wang - Da Ming 5
在天 在天 三星在天 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧唐‧綢繆 Lessons from the states - Odes of Tang - Chou Mo 5
枥天 櫪天 其飛戾天 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧南有嘉魚之什‧采芑 Minor odes of the kingdom - Nan You Jia Yu Zhi Shen - Cai Qi 4
天保 天保 天保 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧鹿鳴之什‧天保 Minor odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Lu Ming - Tian Bao 4
旻天 旻天 旻天疾威 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧節南山之什‧雨無正 Minor odes of the kingdom - Jie Nan Shan Zhi Shen - Yu Wu Zheng 4
致天 致天 致天之屆 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 魯頌‧駉之什‧閟宮 Sacrificial odes of Zhou - Decade Of Jiong - Bi Gong 4