Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

时 (時) shí

  1. shí noun time / a period of time
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 时间 (CCD '时' 1; FE '時' 3; GHDC '时' 3)
  2. shí noun a season / a quarter of a year
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 季节 (CCD '时' 3; FE '時' 1; GHDC '时' 1)
  3. shí noun one of the 12 two-hour periods of the day
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 时辰 (CCD '时' 6a; GHDC '时' 2)
  4. shí adverb at that time
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 时 is a function word in Literary Chinese similar in meaning to 时候 in modern Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 160). For example, 當今之時 'At the present time' (Mengzi: 3.1/14/28, translation by Legge)
  5. shí adjective fashionable
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Culture 文化
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 时尚, 时俗, or 时髦 (CCD '时' 5; FE '時' 6; GHDC '时' 9)
  6. shí noun fate / destiny / luck
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Religion 宗教
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 时运 or 命运.
  7. shí noun occasion / opportunity / chance
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 时机 or 机会 (CCD '时' 7; FE '時' 8; GHDC '时' 5)
  8. shí noun tense
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Grammar 语法
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 时态 (CCD '时' 10)
  9. shí noun o'clock
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 钟点.
  10. shí noun days / years
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 岁月.
  11. shí noun the current situation / the current political situation
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 时势 or 时局
  12. shí noun an era / a dynasty
    Domain: History 历史
    Notes: In the sense of 时代 (FE '時' 2; GHDC '时' 4)
  13. shí noun climate
    Domain: Earth Sciences 地球科学 , Subdomain: Meteorology 气象学
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 气候.
  14. shí adjective fashionable
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Culture 文化
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 时宜.
  15. shí adverb frequently / often
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 常常 or 经常 (FE '時' 5; GHDC '时' 6)
  16. shí adverb occasionally / sometimes
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 有时 or 偶尔 (CCD '时' 8; FE '時' 10)
  17. shí adverb on time
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 按时 (FE '時' 9; GHDC '时' 7)
  18. shí pronoun this / that
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to the demonstrative pronouns 此 or 这 (GHDC '时' 13; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 89).
  19. shí verb to wait upon
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 伺候 (GHDC '时' 11)
  20. shí verb to bear / to support
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 承受.
  21. shí noun hour
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 时 is similar in meaning to 小时 (CCD '时' 6b; FE '時' 4)
  22. shí adjective appropriate / proper
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 时宜 (FE '時' 7; GHDC '时' 8)
  23. shí proper noun Shi
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (CCD '时' 11; FE '時' 11; GHDC '时' 15)
  24. shí noun the present / current
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: In the sense of 当前 or 现在 (CCD '时' 4)

Contained in

小时时间时事时候时期同时时机时代即时即时通信北京时间暂时京华时报无论何时何时随时倒计时届时时报有时临时及时时尚实时时空时光与时俱进时至今日此时时节有时候按时当_的时候当时平时时刻一时准时顿时时常即时信息传递即时信息接发时时学时不时时分时分多路复用技术课时那时时而时髦

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷二十九 志第十九 五行下 Volume 29 Treatises 19: Five Elements Part Three 105
History of Ming 《明史》 卷三十七 志第十三 曆七 Volume 37 Treatises 13: Calendar 7 96
History of Ming 《明史》 卷二百二十四 列傳第一百十二 嚴清 宋纁 陸光祖 孫鑨 陳有年 孫丕揚 蔡國珍 楊時喬 Volume 224 Biographies 112: Yan Qing, Song Xun, Lu Guangzu, Sun Long, Chen Younian, Sun Piyang, Cai Guozhen, Yang Shiqiao 80
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷22 志第17 五行上 Volume 22 Treatises 17: Five Elements 1 79
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷二十七 志第十七 五行上 Volume 27 Treatises 17: Five Elements Part One 75
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷二十一 魏書二十一 王衛二劉傅傳 Volume 21: Book of Wei 21 - Biographies of Wang, Wei, and the two Lius 74
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷二十八 志第十八 五行中 Volume 28 Treatises 18: Five Elements Part Two 73
History of Ming 《明史》 卷二百十八 列傳第一百〇六 申時行 王錫爵 沈一貫 方從哲 沈㴶 Volume 218 Biographies 106: Shen Shixing, Wang Xijue, Shen Yiguan, Fang Congzhe, Shen Que 73
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷91 術藝:晁崇 張淵 殷紹 王早 耿玄 劉靈助 江式等 Volume 91: The Arts - Chao Chong, Zhang Yuan, Yin Shao, Wang Zao, Geng Xuan, Liu Lingzhu, Jiang Shi, and others 68
History of the Northern Dynasties 《北史》 卷八十九 列傳第七十七: 藝術上 Volume 89 Biographies 77: Diviners 1 67

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
刺时 刺時 刺時也 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧邶‧靜女 Lessons from the states - Odes of Bei - Jing Nu 14
时厥 時厥 時厥明 Book of Documents 《尚書》 周書 泰誓下 Zhou Shu - Great Declaration III 4
时维 時維 時維鷹揚 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧文王之什‧大明 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Wen Wang - Da Ming 4
时迈 時邁 時邁 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 周頌‧清廟之什‧時邁 Sacrificial odes of Zhou - Decade Of Qing Miao - Shi Mai 4
时谓 時謂 時謂巫風 Book of Documents 《尚書》 商書 伊訓 Shang Shu - Instructions of Yi 4
时人 時人 時人斯其惟皇之極 Book of Documents 《尚書》 周書 洪範 Zhou Shu - Great Plan 3
曰时 曰時 曰止曰時 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧文王之什‧緜 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Wen Wang - Mian 3
失时 失時 衞之男女失時 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧衞‧有狐 Lessons from the states - Odes of Wei - You Hu 3
年时 年時 古代男女未成年时把头发扎成丫髻 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧衞‧氓 Lessons from the states - Odes of Wei - Mang 3
时二 時二 在時二人 Book of Documents 《尚書》 周書 君奭 Zhou Shu - Prince Shi 3