Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

zāi

  1. zāi particle exclamatory particle
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 哉 is used as a final exclamatory particle in Literary Chinese expressing surprise, sadness, or confirmation (Guoyu '哉' particle 2-4; Kroll '哉' 1; NCCED '哉' 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 146; Unihan '哉')
  2. zāi particle interrogative particle
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 哉 may be added to the end of a question. For example, 是誠何心哉?'What really was my mind in the matter?' (Mengzi: 1.7/4/17, translation by Legge; Guoyu '哉' particle 1; NCCED '哉' 2; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 146; Unihan '哉')
  3. zāi verb to start
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 开始 (Guoyu '哉' v 1)

Contained in

善哉何足道哉哀哉岂不惜哉

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷五十五 列傳第二十五 夏侯湛 潘岳 張載 Volume 55 Biographies 25: Xiahou Zhan; Pan Yue; Zhang Zai 33
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 32
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 30
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷四十八 Scroll 48 26
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷五十四 Scroll 54 23
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷四十一 Scroll 41 23
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷四十七 Scroll 47 22
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷四十八 列傳第十八 向雄 段灼 閻纘 Volume 48 Biographies 18: Xiang Xiong; Duan Zhuo; Yan Zuan 22
Book of Documents 《尚書》 虞書 益稷 Yu Shu - Yi and Ji 21
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷二十五 魏書二十五 辛毗楊阜高堂隆傳 Volume 25: Book of Wei 25 - Biographies of Xin Pi, Yang Fu, and Gaotang Long 21