Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

余 (餘)

  1. noun extra / surplus / remainder
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Quantity 数量
    Notes: (ABC 'yú' 余 N 1; Kroll '餘' 1; NCCED '余' 3; Unihan '餘')
  2. suffix odd
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Quantity 数量
    Notes: For example, 百万余人次 'more than a million visits.' (XHN 2015-12-25; ABC 'yú' 余 SUF; NCCED '余' 4)
  3. pronoun I
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Besides its use as a modern simplified variant of 餘, 余 is also a classical first person pronoun. It was also used in pre-classical oracle bone inscrpitions (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 76).
  4. verb to remain
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '餘' 2a; NCCED '余' 1)
  5. noun the time after an event
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (NCCED '余' 2)
  6. noun the others / the rest
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '餘' 2b)
  7. noun additional / complementary
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '餘' 3)

Contained in

其余业余多余剩余残余富余余党游刃有余冗余其余无余无余涅盘有余涅盘无余依涅盘有余依涅盘不遗余力余晖余杭余烬余姚余秋雨余音绕梁有余劫后余生余地有余师说便有余土余陈月瑛余年百余残余物大余余力余怒余光余波余皇夫余余韵余音余钱余数课余余江盈余结余留余地厨余余震转圜余地余庆

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷17 志第12 律曆中 Volume 17 Treatises 12: Measures and the Calendar 2 273
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷三十四 志第十四: 曆三 Volume 34 Treatises 14: Calendar 3 255
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷107上 律曆志三上 Volume 107a Treatise 3: Treatise on Music and Calendars 1 246
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷107下 律曆志三下 Volume 107b Treatise 3: Treatise on Music and Calendars 2 221
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷三十三 志第十三: 曆二 Volume 33 Treatises 13: Calendar 2 208
History of Ming 《明史》 卷八十二 志第五十八 食貨六 Volume 82 Treatises 58: Finance and Economics 6 185
History of Song 《宋史》 卷七十五 志第二十八 律曆八 Volume 75 Treatises 28: Measures and Calendar 8 176
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷十二 志第二 歷上 Volume 12 Treatises 2: Calendar 1 173
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《歷書》 Calendars 156
History of Song 《宋史》 卷七十七 志第三十 律曆十 Volume 77 Treatises 30: Measures and Calendar 10 135

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
余子 餘子 梁餘子養御罕夷 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 閔公 Lord Min 6
杀余 殺餘 女為惠公來求殺余 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 6
乌余 烏餘 齊烏餘以廩丘奔晉 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 5
余不忍 餘不忍 余不忍益也 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 成公 Lord Cheng 4
掩余 掩餘 掩餘帥左 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 4
余敢 餘敢 余敢貪天子之命無下拜 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 4
夀余 夀餘 乃使魏壽餘偽以魏叛者 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 文公 Lord Wen 3
免余 免餘 公孫免餘請殺之 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 3
余惧 餘懼 余懼不獲其利 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 文公 Lord Wen 3
使余 使餘 而暴妾使余 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 3