Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

难 (難) nán nàn

  1. nán adjective difficult / arduous / hard
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: (Kroll '難' nán 1; NCCED '難' nán 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 42; Unihan '難').
  2. nán verb to put someone in a difficult position / to have difficulty
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Morality 道德
    Notes: (NCCED '難' nán 2)
  3. nán adjective hardly possible / unable
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Characteristic 特点
    Notes: (Kroll '難' nán 1; NCCED '難' nán 3; Unihan '難')
  4. nàn noun disaster / calamity
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Disaster 灾难
    Notes: (Kroll '難' nàn 1; NCCED '難' nàn 1)
  5. nàn noun enemy / foe
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '難' nàn 2)
  6. nán adjective bad / unpleasant
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '難' nán 2; NCCED '難' nán 4)
  7. nàn verb to blame / to rebuke
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '難' nàn 3b; NCCED '難' nàn 2)
  8. nàn verb to object to / to argue against
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '難' nàn 3)
  9. nàn verb to reject / to repudiate
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '難' nàn 3a)

Contained in

难以困难苦难难度艰难难得难道难过难看难受难题出难题难民难怪为难灾难难关难堪难免疑难阿难阿难陀父母恩重难报经急难难陀难沮佛欲壑难填磨难魔难善财难舍落难排难解纷危难劫难靖难之役易守难攻实叉难陀施乞叉难陀除诸恶难救度难近母厄难祸难难胜地难胜八难死难发难非难难陀龙王避难维祇难

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 48
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷九十八 列傳第五十八 氐胡 Volume 98 Biographies 58: Zhi Hu 39
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 37
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷一百五十八 列傳第四十五: 姚樞 許衡 竇默 Volume 158 Biographies 45: Yao Shu, Xu Heng, Dou Mo 30
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷二十九 魏書二十九 方技傳 Volume 29: Book of Wei 29 - Biographies of fangshis and artisans 27
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷一百五十七  列傳第八十二 陸贄 Volume 157 Biographies 82: Lu Zhi 27
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷101 氐 吐榖渾 宕昌 高昌 鄧至 蠻 獠 Volume 101: Di Peoples, Tuyuhun, Dangchang, Gaochang, Dengzhi, Man, Liao 26
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷一百三十九 列傳第八十九: 陸贄 Volume 139 Biographies 89: Lu Zhi 26
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷十四 魏書十四 程郭董劉蔣劉傳 Volume 14: Book of Wei 14 - Biographies of Cheng, Dong, Guo, Liu, Jiang, and Liu 24
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 24

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
多难 多難 王事多難 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧鹿鳴之什‧出車 Minor odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Lu Ming - Chu Che 10
实难 實難 衛實難 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 8
齐难 齊難 紀來諮謀齊難也 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 桓公 Lord Huan 7
难成 難成 專欲難成 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 5
免于难 免於難 庶免於難 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 桓公 Lord Huan 5
辟难 闢難 事君不辟難 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 5
内难 內難 辟內難也 Gongyang's Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋公羊傳》 莊公 Lord Zhang 4
知难 知難 知難而退 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 4
告难 告難 不發表而告難于齊 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 4
怒难 怒難 重怒難任 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 4