Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

ér néng

  1. ér conjunction and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not)
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Coordination 并列
    Notes: 而 is commonly used to join adjectives, adjective phrases, or verbs; in the sense of 和 or 与 (Guoyu '而' conj 1; Rouzer 2007, p. 13)
  2. ér noun Kangxi radical 126
    Domain: Radicals 部首
    Notes: (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7; Guoyu '而' n 2)
  3. ér pronoun you
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Personal Pronoun 人称代词
    Notes: 而 was used as the singular second person pronoun 你 in Literary Chinese (Guoyu '而' pronoun 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 77).
  4. ér conjunction not only ... but also .... / ... as well as ... / moreover / in addition / furthermore
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Correlative 关联词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 而且 in this sense, expressing a connecting relationship (Guoyu '而' conj 2)
  5. ér conjunction right away / then
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 就 or 才 in this sense, expressing a sequentional relationship (Guoyu '而' conj 3)
  6. ér conjunction but / yet / however / while / nevertheless
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Correlative 关联词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 但是 in this sense, expressing a contrasting relationship (Guoyu '而' conj 6)
  7. ér conjunction if / in case / in the event that
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Correlative 关联词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 如果 in this sense, expressing hypothesis or conjecture in Literary Chinese. It is comparatively rare in this sense (Guoyu '而' conj 4; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 150).
  8. ér conjunction therefore / as a result / thus
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Correlative 关联词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 因而 or 所以 in this sense, expressing cause and effect (Guoyu '而' conj 5)
  9. ér conjunction how can it be that?
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 难道 or 岂 in this sense, expressing doubt in a rhetorical question (Guoyu '而' conj 7)
  10. ér particle so as to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 以 in this sense (Guoyu '而' prep 2)
  11. ér adverb only then
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 才 (Guoyu '而' adv 1)
  12. ér verb as if / to seem like
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 好像 or 犹 in this sense (Guoyu '而' adv 2)
  13. néng verb can / able
    Domain: Classical Chinesee 古文 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In the sense of 能 or 可以 (Guoyu '而' v 2)
  14. ér noun whiskers on the cheeks / sideburns
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Guoyu '而' n 1)
  15. ér pronoun me
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Personal Pronoun 人称代词
    Notes: 而 was used as the singular first person pronoun 我 in Literary Chinese (Guoyu '而' pronoun 2)
  16. ér verb to arrive / up to
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 至 or 到 (Guoyu '而' v 1)
  17. ér preposition possessive
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 之 or 的 (Guoyu '而' prep 1)

Contained in

而且然而反而从而具体而言进而随需而变因而不是_而是_显而易见总而言之半途而废不辞而别不言而喻而后而已敬而远之可想而知时而似是而非形而上学一概而论一哄而散尽力而为应运而生不期而遇而是脱颖而出油然而生死而后已置之死地而后生分而治之取而代之依山而建席地而坐垂足而坐不谋而合幸而不劳而获继而宁持戒而舍生命不破戒法而苟活不约而同适可而止自然而然而患不均观机而动巴而朮阿而忒的斤

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 773
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 631
Daode Jing 《道德經》 Daode Jing 《道德經》 420
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷十六 Scroll 16 390
Huainanzi 《淮南子》 卷十八 人間訓 Chapter 18: The Human World 381
Huainanzi 《淮南子》 卷九 主術訓 Chapter 9: The Sovereign's Methods 359
Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 卷五十九 張衡列傳 Volume 59: Biography of Zhang Heng 344
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷十八 Scroll 18 335
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《中庸章句》 Commentary on Doctrine of the Mean 334
Huainanzi 《淮南子》 卷二十 泰族訓 Chapter 20: superior Lineage 329