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{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

ér néng

  1. ér conjunction and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not)
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Coordination 并列
    Notes: 而 is commonly used to join adjectives or adjective phrases.
  2. ér noun Kangxi radical 126
    Domain: Radicals 部首
    Notes: (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7)
  3. ér pronoun you
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文 , Concept: Personal Pronoun 人称代词
    Notes: 而 was used as a singular second person pronoun in Literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 77).
  4. ér conjunction not only ... but also .... / ... as well as ... / moreover / in addition / furthermore
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Correlative 关联词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 而且 in this sense, expressing a connecting relationship
  5. ér conjunction right away / then
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 就 or 才 in this sense, expressing a sequentional relationship
  6. ér conjunction but / yet / however / while / nevertheless
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Correlative 关联词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 但是 in this sense, expressing a contrasting relationship
  7. ér conjunction if / in case / in the event that
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Correlative 关联词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 如果 in this sense, expressing hypothesis or conjecture in Literary Chinese. It is comparatively rare in this sense (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 150).
  8. ér conjunction therefore / as a result / thus
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Correlative 关联词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 因而 or 所以 in this sense, expressing cause and effect
  9. ér conjunction how can it be that?
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 难道 or 岂 in this sense, expressing doubt in a rhetorical question
  10. ér particle so as to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 以 in this sense
  11. ér particle sigh
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Structural Particle 结构助词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 耳 or 哪 in this sense
  12. ér verb as if / to seem like
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 好像 in this sense
  13. néng verb can / able
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: 而 is synonymous with 能 in this sense

Contained in

而且然而反而从而具体而言进而随需而变因而不是_而是_显而易见总而言之半途而废不辞而别不言而喻而后而已敬而远之可想而知时而似是而非形而上学一概而论一哄而散尽力而为应运而生不期而遇而是脱颖而出油然而生死而后已置之死地而后生分而治之取而代之依山而建席地而坐垂足而坐不谋而合幸而不劳而获继而宁持戒而舍生命不破戒法而苟活不约而同适可而止

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《中庸章句》 Commentary on Doctrine of the Mean 334
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《盡心章句上》 Commentary on Jin Xin I 205
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《公孫丑章句上》 Commentary on Gong Sun Chou I 194
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《趙世家》 House of Zhao 187
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《樂書》 Music 187
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《盡心章句下》 Commentary on Jin Xin II 167
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《憲問第十四》 Commentary on Xian Wen XIV 161
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《大學章句》 Commentary on Great Learning 160
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《楚世家》 House of Chu 159
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《離婁章句上》 Commentary on Li Lou I 158

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
1. 《學而》 Xue Er in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 21
2. 《為政》 Wei Zheng in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 17
3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 8
4. 《里仁》 Li Ren in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 5
5. 《公冶長》Gong Ye Chang in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 12
賢者 《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 71
不顧 《曲禮下》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 2 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 14
《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 130
《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 104
山川 《王制》 Royal Regulations in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 46
《內篇‧逍遙遊》 Inner Chapters - Enjoyment in Untroubled Ease in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 50
《齊物論》 The Adjustment of Controversies in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 92
《養生主》 Nourishing the Lord of Life in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 16
不見 《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 68
《德充符》 The Seal of Virtue Complete in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 61
有為 Selections from Stories by Liu Xiang in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 16
同名殺人 Selections from Stratagems of the Warring States in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 2
鵷鶵南海北海 Selections from Zhuang Zi in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 13
Sections from Records of the Historian in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 17
厲王 Selections from Han Feizi in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 9
《釋宮》 Explanation of the Court in Er Ya 《爾雅》 4
日出 《釋天》 Explanation of Heaven in Er Ya 《爾雅》 3
《釋地》 Explanation of Earth in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2
《釋丘》 Explanation of Hills in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2
《釋山》 Explanation of Mountains in Er Ya 《爾雅》 5