Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

岂 (豈)

adverb how can it be that?
Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
Notes: 豈 (simplified 岂) is used in rhetorical questions that require a negative answer. If expressed, the subject is normally placed in front of 豈 (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 142). For example, 雖有臺池鳥獸,豈能獨樂哉?'Although he had towers, ponds, birds, and animals, how could he have pleasure alone?' (Mengzi: 1.2/1/17, translation by Legge)

Contained in


Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 20
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷二 魏書二 文帝紀 Volume 2: Book of Wei 2 - Annals of Emperor Wen 20
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷一百〇一 列傳第五十一: 李乂 薛登 韋湊 韓思復 張廷珪 王求禮 辛替否 Volume 101 Biographies 51: Li Yi, Xue Deng, Wei Cou, Han Sifu, Zhang Tinggui, Wang Qiuli, Xin Tifou 20
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷十三 志第三 歷下 Volume 13 Treatises 3: Calendar 2 19
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷七十三 列傳第三十三 顏延之 Volume 73 Biographies 33: Yan Yanzhi 19
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷八十八 列傳第三十八: 韋思謙 陸元方 蘇瑰 Volume 88 Biographies 38: Wei Siqian, Lu Yuanfang, Su Gui 19
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷43 嚴棱 毛修之 唐和 劉休賓 房法夀 Volume 43: Yan Leng, Mao Xiuzhi, Tang He, Liu Xiubin, Fang Fashou 19
History of Jin 《金史》 卷八  本紀第八: 世宗下 Volume 8 Annals 8: Shizong 3 18
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷七十九 列傳第三十九 文五王 Volume 79 Biographies 39: Wen Wuwang 18
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷五十四 Scroll 54 18