Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

xiān

  1. xiān adverb first / in advance
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: (Unihan '先')
  2. xiān noun early / prior / former
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: (Unihan '先')
  3. xiān verb to go forward
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 前进.
  4. xiān verb to attach importance to / to value
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Thought 思想
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 重视.
  5. xiān verb to start
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 开始.
  6. xiān noun ancestors / forebears
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Genealogy 世系
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 先世 or 祖先.
  7. xiān verb to guide / to precede
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Social Interaction 交际
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 前导.
  8. xiān adjective before / in front
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Position 位
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 前.
  9. xiān adjective first / fundamental / basic
    Domain: Philosophy 哲学 , Subdomain: Logic 逻辑
    Notes: In this sense 先 has the same meaning as 首要 or 根本.

Contained in

肯尼亚先令索马里先令乌干达先令首先先进优先先生先后事先领先先行争先少先队预先原先祖先先锋先前争先恐后先王先导先天先天性先例先河率先先圣先世先贤先秦先驱最先僧先先声先祖先行词先公赛先生德先生曲先先泥国王不梨先泥十夢经小子先顺那先比丘经大福先寺承先启后算命先生革命先烈遥遥领先女士优先领先地位

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 84
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 65
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷六十九 列傳第二十九 劉湛 范曄 Volume 69 Biographies 29: Liu Zhan, Fan Ye 55
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷33 宋隱 王憲 屈遵 張蒲 榖渾 公孫表 張濟 李先 賈彝 薛提 Volume 33: Song Yin, Wang Xian, Qu Zun, Zhang Pu, Gu Hun, Gongsun Biao, Zhang Ji, Li Xian, Jia Yi, Xue Ti 54
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷十四 志第四 禮一 Volume 14 Treatises 4: Rituals 1 52
History of the Southern Dynasties 《南史》 卷三十三 列傳第二十三 范泰 荀伯子 徐廣 鄭鮮之 裴松之 何承天 Volume 33 Biographies 23: Fan Tai, Xun Bozi, Xu Guang, Zhen Xianzhi, Pei Songzhi, He Chengtian 51
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷二十八下   志第十八下  曆四下 Volume 28b Treatises 21: Calendar 4b 48
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百〇二 志第五十五 禮五 Volume 102 Treatises 55: Rites 5 46
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 文公 Lord Wen 44
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷六十一 吳書十六 潘濬陸凱傳 Volume 61: Book of Wu 16 - Biographies of Pan Jun and Lu Kai 44